Ankylosing spondylitis

Common Name(s)

Ankylosing spondylitis, AS, Bechterew disease, Marie Strumpell disease

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory joint disease that primarily affects the spine. As ankylosing spondylitis progresses, the vertebrae in the spine fuse together (ankylosis), causing the spine to be less flexible and may result in a hunched-forward posture. Signs and symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis may include pain and stiffness in your lower back and hips. Affected areas can include the joints between the base of your spine and pelvis, the joints between the vertebrae, the hip joints, and the shoulder joints.

Up to 40 percent of individuals with ankylosing spondylitis will have eye inflammation that may cause eye pain, sensitivity to light and blurred vision. Other less common complications include restricted lung function and heart inflammation. Risk factors of ankylosing spondylitis include gender and age, as men develop ankylosing spondylitis more often than women and onset of symptoms typically occurs in late adolescence and early adulthood. The exact cause of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown, but it is believed that both genetic and environmental factors play a role. One genetic factor is the HLA-B gene, which provides instructions for making a protein that helps the immune system distinguish the body’s own proteins from foreign invaders (such as viruses and bacteria). Individuals who have the HLA-B27 variation of the HLA-B gene are at greater risk of developing ankylosing spondylitis.

Your doctor may use a physical exam along with imaging tests and lab tests to diagnosis the condition. There is no cure for ankylosing spondylitis, but there are treatment options that can help decrease your pain and reduce your symptoms. Support groups are good resources for additional information. Contact a doctor if you or someone in your family has been diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ankylosing spondylitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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Kickas.org

KickAs.org strives to provide the means for ankylosing spondylitis sufferers worldwide to share with, and learn from, the experiences of others coping with ankylosing spondylitis and related conditions in a safe and supportive environment.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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stopcaidnow.org

Our mission is simple-Educate, Provide Awareness, and Fund Researchers who are committed to finding a cure. StopCAIDnow(501c3) is focused on providing tools to better educate Doctor’s and the community on AutoInflammatory diseases. There is a need for an understanding of these diseases so proper diagnosis can be made, and treatment can be started. This will help alleviate the inflammation process, 7 the pain that comes with it. Proper diagnosis is urgent for the prognosis of these diseases. If left untreated damage to the tissues, organs & vision(for some) will not only be irreversible but devastating

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ankylosing spondylitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
International Foundation for Autoimmune Arthritis

We are committed to eliminating the adversity caused by autoimmune arthritis by uniting resources that will raise global awareness, providing wellness education and support, and conducting patient-centered research that will improve the quality of life for those affected by these diseases.

http://www.ifautoimmunearthritis.org

Last Updated: 18 Sep 2014

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Kickas.org

KickAs.org strives to provide the means for ankylosing spondylitis sufferers worldwide to share with, and learn from, the experiences of others coping with ankylosing spondylitis and related conditions in a safe and supportive environment.

http://www.kickas.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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stopcaidnow.org

Our mission is simple-Educate, Provide Awareness, and Fund Researchers who are committed to finding a cure. StopCAIDnow(501c3) is focused on providing tools to better educate Doctor’s and the community on AutoInflammatory diseases. There is a need for an understanding of these diseases so proper diagnosis can be made, and treatment can be started. This will help alleviate the inflammation process, 7 the pain that comes with it. Proper diagnosis is urgent for the prognosis of these diseases. If left untreated damage to the tissues, organs & vision(for some) will not only be irreversible but devastating

http://www.stopcaidnow.org

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ankylosing spondylitis" returned 1324 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Single-Session Combined Anterior-Posterior Approach for Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis with Obvious Displaced Lower Cervical Spine Fractures and Dislocations.
 

Author(s): Baohui Yang, Teng Lu, Haopeng Li

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2017 ;2017():9205834.

 

For patients with AS and lower cervical spine fractures, surgical methods have mainly included the single anterior approach, single posterior approach, and combined anterior-posterior approach. However, various surgical procedures were utilized because the fractures have not been ...

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2017

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Cementless total hip arthroplasty in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A retrospective observational study.
 

Author(s): Jun Xu, Min Zeng, Jie Xie, Ting Wen, Yihe Hu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jan;96(4):e5813.

 

Controversies on the surgical protocols and efficacies of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) still exist. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the perioperative managements and their outcomes related to performing THA on patients with AS.Data ...

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2017

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Gender differences among patients with primary ankylosing spondylitis and spondylitis associated with psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease in an iberoamerican spondyloarthritis cohort.
 

Author(s): Margarita Landi, Hernán Maldonado-Ficco, Rodolfo Perez-Alamino, José A Maldonado-Cocco, Gustavo Citera, Pablo Arturi, Percival D Sampaio-Barros, Diana E Flores Alvarado, Rubén Burgos-Vargas, Elena Santos, Daniel Palleiro, Miguel A Gutiérrez, Elsa Vieyra-Sousa, Fernando Pimentel-Santos, Sergio O Paira, Alberto Berman, Claudia Vera Barrezueta, Janitzia Vazquez-Mellado, Eduardo Collantes-Estevez,

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Dec;95(51):e5652.

 

The aim of the study was to compare clinical manifestations, disease activity, functional capacity, spinal mobility, and radiological findings between men and women from a multicenter, multiethnic Ibero-American cohort of patients with Spondyloarthritis (SpA).This observational cross-section ...

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ankylosing spondylitis" returned 102 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Progression rate of ankylosing spondylitis in patients with undifferentiated spondyloarthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Qing Xia, Dazhi Fan, Xiao Yang, Xiaona Li, Xu Zhang, Mengmeng Wang, Shengqian Xu, Faming Pan

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jan;96(4):e5960.

 

The idea that undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA) represents the early undifferentiated stage of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and other well-defined SpA subtypes is well known. The gist of this study is to assess the rate estimate of patients with uSpA evolved to AS during long-term follow-up.

Last Updated: 25 Jan 2017

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Do Anti-TNF Blockers Increase the Risk of Lung Involvement in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis or Psoriatic Arthritis? A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Fabiola Atzeni, Elisabetta Grillo, Ignazio F Masala, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Gareth T Jones

Journal: Isr. Med. Assoc. J.. ;18(3-4):154-5.

 

Lung involvement is a well-recognized extra-articular manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Anecdotal reports suggest that the use of anti-TNF drugs may be related to lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis. To examine the association between anti-TNF drugs and the development ...

Last Updated: 27 May 2016

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The Role of MicroRNAS in Ankylosing Spondylitis.
 

Author(s): Zheng Li, Sunny H Wong, Jianxiong Shen, Matthew T V Chan, William Ka Kei Wu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Apr;95(14):e3325.

 

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common and genetically heterozygous inflammatory rheumatic disease characterized by new bone formation, ankylosis and inflammation of hip, sacroiliac joints and spine. Until now, there is no method for early diagnosis of AS and the effective treatment ...

Last Updated: 9 Apr 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study of Efficacy and Safety of Secukinumab in Japanese Patients With Active Ankylosing Spondylitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ankylosing Spondylitis

 

Last Updated: 20 Apr 2016

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Physical Training Program in Ankylosing Spondylitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ankylosing Spondylitis

 

Last Updated: 21 Feb 2017

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Last Updated: 10 Jan 2017

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