Meningitis

Common Name(s)

Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges) that is caused by an infection. The main symptoms of meningitis include headache, fever, and stiff neck, which can often be confused with the flu (influenza). Meningitis is typically caused by a viral infection. However, bacterial infections, fungal infections, chemical reactions, drug allergies, some types of cancer, and inflammatory diseases can also cause meningitis. The severity, outcome and, treatment plan depend on the cause of the infection. Viral meningitis is usually caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses, and it is contracted mostly during the late summer and early fall. Bacterial meningitis can be caused by any number of bacteria, but the most common include pneumococcus, meningococcus, haemophilus, and listeria.

In addition to headache, fever, and stiff neck, additional symptoms can include vomiting, trouble sleeping or staying awake, sensitivity to light and seizures. Risk factors for meningitis include living in crowded conditions, not receiving immunizations, being pregnant, and having a weak immune system. Meningitis is usually diagnosed through a variety of tests, including blood cultures (to see if bacteria is present in your blood), and imaging of the head (using x-rays and CT scans) to look for swelling or inflammation. Most cases of meningitis can be diagnosed by removing a small amount of spinal fluid (spinal tap or lumbar puncture) to look for evidence of an infection or inflammation. Treatment depends on the cause of the meningitis. Bacterial meningitis calls for immediate treatment with antibiotics to get rid of the infection and steroids to reduce the inflammation. Most cases of viral meningitis improve without treatment. Fungal meningitis is treated with antifungal medications. If you or someone you know have signs or symptoms of meningitis, talk to your physician immediately.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Meningitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Meningitis Foundation of America, Inc.

Our mission is to support sufferers of meningitis and their families through support groups, advocate for advanced research for the prevention and the long term effects of various meningitis strains as well as facilitating programs to educate the public

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Meningitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Meningitis Foundation of America, Inc.

Our mission is to support sufferers of meningitis and their families through support groups, advocate for advanced research for the prevention and the long term effects of various meningitis strains as well as facilitating programs to educate the public

http://www.musa.org

Last Updated: 8 Oct 2014

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Meningitis" returned 3149 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Aseptic meningitis following a bupivacaine spinal anesthesia.
 

Author(s): Nawfal Doghmi, Amine Meskine, Aziz Benakroute, Mustapha Bensghir, Abdelouahed Baite, Charki Haimeur

Journal:

 

Spinal anesthesia complicated by meningitis is rare. The diagnosis is difficult and the clinical signs are unspecific. There is a subgroup called aseptic meningitis of a different mechanism (hypersensitive reaction and irritation of the meninges), which must be identified for appropriate ...

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2017

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Evaluation of bacterial meningitis surveillance data of the northern region, Ghana, 2010-2015.
 

Author(s): Basil Benduri Kaburi, Chrysantus Kubio, Ernest Kenu, Donne Kofi Ameme, Jacob Yakubu Mahama, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Andrew Afari

Journal:

 

Bacterial meningitis is a disease of major public health importance especially for countries such as Ghana; whose northern part lies within the meningitis belt. The Northern region of Ghana has been recording cases with outbreaks over the years. In order to generate evidence to improve ...

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Meningitis" returned 218 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Rare and severe complication of spinal anesthesia: bacterial meningitis (about a case and literature review)].
 

Author(s): Naoufal Chouaib, Said Jidane, Mostafa Rafai, Ahmed Belkouch, Saad Zidouh, Lahcen Belyamani

Journal:

 

Spinal anesthesia (SA) is the first locoregional anesthesia. It can cause side effects and carry risks that need to be avoided, prevented or treated early. We here report the case of a female patient operated under spinal anesthesia who had intense headache associated with nausea ...

Last Updated: 14 Sep 2017

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Impact of meningitis on intelligence and development: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Deborah Christie, Harunor Rashid, Haitham El-Bashir, Faye Sweeney, Tim Shore, Robert Booy, Russell M Viner

Journal:

 

We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to address the question "what is the impact of meningitis on IQ and development."

Last Updated: 24 Aug 2017

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Utility of the urine reagent strip leucocyte esterase assay for the diagnosis of meningitis in resource-limited settings: meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): William Bortcosh, Mark Siedner, Ryan W Carroll

Journal: Trop. Med. Int. Health. 2017 Sep;22(9):1072-1080.

 

Diagnosis of bacterial meningitis often requires cytometry, chemistry and/or microbiologic culture capabilities. Unfortunately, laboratory resources in low-resource settings (LRS) often lack the capacity to perform these studies. We sought to determine whether the presence of white ...

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2017

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Daptomycin in Pediatric Patients With Bacterial Meningitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Meningitis

 

Last Updated: 7 Jun 2017

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Efficacy of Intrathecal Administration of Liposomal Amphotericin B in Cryptococcal Meningitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Cryptococcal Meningitis

 

Last Updated: 16 Feb 2016

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Improving the Diagnosis of Meningitis in Emergency Rooms
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Meningitis

 

Last Updated: 3 Aug 2016

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