Menopause

Common Name(s)

Menopause

Menopause is part of the natural process of female aging. It is defined as starting 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual cycle and is measured from her last period. Menopause typically happens when a woman is in her 40s and 50s. There is a period before menopause, perimenopause, when the ovaries slowly lessen their production of estrogen (the female sex hormone).

Symptoms of menopause include hot flashes, irritability, trouble sleeping and night sweats, anxiety, vaginal dryness, and weight gain as metabolism slows. Some of these symptoms may start during perimenopause along with irregular and skipped periods. Situations that may cause menopause to begin earlier include chemotherapy and radiation therapy, hysterectomy (removal of uterus), and primary ovarian insufficiency (ovaries stop producing a normal level of estrogen). The number and severity of symptoms experienced by women vary greatly.

Following menopause, the risks for heart disease, osteoporosis (bones become brittle), and loss of bladder control increase. If you experience bleeding after menopause, check with your doctor or obstetrician as this may be a sign of uterine cancer.

Menopause can usually be self-diagnosed from its symptoms, but a hormone test can confirm lowered levels of estrogen and increased levels of follicle stimulating hormone. Treatments for symptoms include application of vaginal estrogen to reduce dryness, antidepressants, and other drugs as well as natural remedies. Hormone replacement theory has both risks and benefits and you should be fully informed of both before making your decision. Those experiencing few or mild symptoms may manage their symptoms with lifestyle changes. Continue to talk with your doctor, gynecologist or midwife as your symptoms may change over time and new treatment options may become available. Support groups are available for more resources and to connect with other woman undergoing menopause.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Menopause" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Menopause" returned 711 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Metabolic characterization of menopause: cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence.
 

Author(s): Qin Wang, Diana L Santos Ferreira, Scott M Nelson, Naveed Sattar, Mika Ala-Korpela, Debbie A Lawlor

Journal:

 

Women who experience menopause are at higher cardiometabolic risk and often display adverse changes in metabolic biomarkers compared with pre-menopausal women. It remains elusive whether the changes in cardiometabolic biomarkers during the menopausal transition are due to ovarian ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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New therapeutic option in genitourinary syndrome of menopause: pilot study using microablative fractional radiofrequency.
 

Author(s): Márcia Farina Kamilos, Celso Luiz Borrelli

Journal: Einstein (Sao Paulo). ;15(4):445-451.

 

To evaluate the clinical response of patients with symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause after application of microablative fractional radiofrequency in the vagina and vaginal introitus.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prevalence and severity of menopause symptoms among perimenopausal and postmenopausal women aged 30-49 years in Gulele sub-city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
 

Author(s): Engida Yisma, Natnael Eshetu, Stephanie Ly, Berhanu Dessalegn

Journal:

 

Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring as women approach middle-age. It is characterized by declining of ovarian function and onset of the last menstrual period and subsequent 12-month cessation of menstruation. Due to a growing aging population and longer life expectancies, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Menopause" returned 142 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[The risks of avoiding hormone replacement therapy during menopause].
 

Author(s): Juan Enrique Blümel, Eugenio Arteaga

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Jun;145(6):760-764.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Beer Polyphenols and Menopause: Effects and Mechanisms-A Review of Current Knowledge.
 

Author(s): Berner Andrée Sandoval-Ramírez, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós, Ramon Estruch, Gemma Sasot, Monica Doménech, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau

Journal: Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2017 ;2017():4749131.

 

Beer is one of the most frequently consumed fermented beverages in the world, and it has been part of the human diet for thousands of years. Scientific evidence obtained from the development of new techniques of food analysis over the last two decades suggests that polyphenol intake ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effect of acupuncture on hot flush and menopause symptoms in breast cancer- A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Tsai-Ju Chien, Chung-Hua Hsu, Chia-Yu Liu, Ching-Ju Fang

Journal:

 

Many breast cancer patients suffer from hot flush and medical menopause as side effects of treatment. Some patients undergo acupuncture, rather than hormone therapy, to relieve these symptoms, but the efficacy of acupuncture is uncertain. This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Effect of Menopause Relief EP-40 in Women With Menopausal Symptoms
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Menopause

 

Last Updated: 5 Apr 2018

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Menopausal Sleep Fragmentation and Body Fat Gain
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Menopause

 

Last Updated: 16 Jan 2018

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