Mental illness

Common Name(s)

Mental illness

Mental illness is a broad term for any condition that changes how someone thinks, feels, behaves or relates to other people and their surroundings. The causes of many mental illnesses are not known. Most are believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, psychological and environmental factors.

Mental illness may run in a family. This may happen when certain changes in a gene or multiple genes increases a person’s risk for developing the condition. Then when other factors occur, the mental illness will develop. Biological factors may include certain infections, brain injury or defects, damage to the brain which occurs prenatally or during a pregnancy, long term substance abuse, poor nutrition or exposure to toxins. Psychological factors may include severe trauma such as emotional, physical or sexual abuse or witnessing or living through a traumatic event. Environmental factors may include social or cultural expectations (like being thin) or growing up in a dysfunctional home, but may also include exposure to certain toxins or experiences due to work or living conditions.

In any given year, about 20% of adults in the U.S. will experience a mental illness. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and phobias. In addition, mental illnesses may cause substance use and eating disorders.

Mental illnesses require ongoing treatment for best results. Common treatments include medication and therapy, although different treatments are used for different disorders. If you have been diagnosed with a mental illness, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. A genetic counselor can help discuss inheritance and risks to other family members. Support groups are also a good source of information and will help connect you with other individuals and families affected by mental illness.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

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everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mental illness" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
everyminute.org

everyminute.org is a grassroots campaign uniting advocates, mental health professionals and organizations into a single coalition creating a public forum advancing the need and benefit of increased mental health research.

http://www.everyminute.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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Mental Health America

Mental Health America is dedicated to promoting mental health, preventing mental disorders and achieving victory over mental illness through advocacy, education, research and service.

http://www.nmha.org

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

View Details
National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

About Mental Illness

An online resource discussing basic information for families and individuals about mental illness.

Updated 29 Jan 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 1198 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Epidemiology of severe mental illness in Hunan province in central China during 2014-2015: A multistage cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Dongxin Wang, Jing Ma, Lihong Tan, Yan Chen, Xiaosong Li, Xuefei Tian, Xuhui Zhou, Xuejun Liu

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Severe mental illness (SMI) represents major social and public health problem in China, especially in low- or middle-income regions. We aim to assess the prevalence and distribution of SMI in Hunan province in central China.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Attitudes to mental illness among mental health professionals in Singapore and comparisons with the general population.
 

Author(s): Qi Yuan, Louisa Picco, Sherilyn Chang, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Samantha Ong, Kah Lai Yow, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam

Journal:

 

Similar to the general public, mental health professionals sometimes also have negative attitudes towards individuals with mental illness; which could ultimately affect the quality of care received by the patients. This study aims to explore attitudes to mental illness among mental ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Determining the effectiveness of a video-based contact intervention in improving attitudes of Penang primary care nurses towards people with mental illness.
 

Author(s): Yin Ping Ng, Abdul Rashid, Finian O'Brien

Journal:

 

Mental illness-related stigma is common, and is associated with poorer outcomes in people with mental illness. This study evaluated the attitudes of primary care nurses towards people with mental illness and its associated factors; and the effectiveness of a short video-based contact ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mental illness" returned 162 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Worlds apart? A scoping review addressing different stakeholder perspectives on barriers to family involvement in the care for persons with severe mental illness.
 

Author(s): Elleke Landeweer, Bert Molewijk, Marit Helene Hem, Reidar Pedersen

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Empirical evidence shows that family involvement (FI) can play a pivotal role in the coping and recovery of persons with severe mental illness (SMI). Nevertheless, various studies demonstrate that FI in mental healthcare services is often not (sufficiently) realized. In order to develop ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The Effectiveness of Pharmacological and Non-Pharmacological Interventions for Improving Glycaemic Control in Adults with Severe Mental Illness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Johanna Taylor, Brendon Stubbs, Catherine Hewitt, Ramzi A Ajjan, Sarah L Alderson, Simon Gilbody, Richard I G Holt, Prakash Hosali, Tom Hughes, Tarron Kayalackakom, Ian Kellar, Helen Lewis, Neda Mahmoodi, Kirstine McDermid, Robert D Smith, Judy M Wright, Najma Siddiqi

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People with severe mental illness (SMI) have reduced life expectancy compared with the general population, which can be explained partly by their increased risk of diabetes. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the clinical effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Smoking and Mental Illness: A Bibliometric Analysis of Research Output Over Time.
 

Author(s): Alexandra P Metse, John H Wiggers, Paula M Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Judith J Prochaska, Emily A Stockings, Jill M Williams, Kerryn Ansell, Caitlin Fehily, Jenny A Bowman

Journal: Nicotine Tob. Res.. 2017 Jan;19(1):24-31.

 

The prevalence of smoking among persons with a mental illness has remained unchanged, being 2-3 times higher than the general population in high-income countries. Assessment of the volume and characteristics of research output over time can assist in identifying research priorities ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Honest, Open, Proud for Soldiers With Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 7 Nov 2017

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Feasibility Trial of a Tailored Smoking Cessation App for People With Serious Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Nicotine Addiction; Serious Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 17 Aug 2017

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Assessing Frailty in Older Adults With Functional Mental Illness
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Frailty; Mental Illness

 

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2017

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