Mental retardation, macrocephaly, short stature and craniofacial dysmorphism refers to a form of intellectual disability that is characterized mainly by below-average mental ability, a large head, short body frame, and facial abnormalities. Hence, individuals with this form of intellectual disability may have problems with tasks involving physical activity. Like other individuals with intellectual disability, an individual with this condition often has problems with reasoning and solving problems, as well as performing day-to-day tasks. The condition is often diagnosed during childhood. Doctors diagnose this form of intellectual disability if a short body frame, a large head, and facial abnormalities are observed. Signs like walking and talking late, slow mastering of basic tasks, and having difficulty remembering things may also suggest this condition in children. Treatment is developed on a case-by-case basis and depends on the specific needs of the patient. Plastic surgeons and brain specialists may suggest patients undergo surgery to fix facial abnormalities. Doctors seek help from various therapists and community services to provide support and care for families affected by intellectual disability.