Methemoglobinemia type 4

Common Name(s)

Methemoglobinemia type 4

Methemoglobinemia and ambiguous genitalia is due to isolated 17,20-lyase deficiency, defined by apparently normal 17-alpha-hydroxylase activity but severely reduced 17,20-lyase activity of the CYP17A1 enzyme ({609300}), which results in sex steroid deficiency but normal glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid reserve. The clinical phenotype is characterized by male undermasculinization, with absent or disturbed pubertal development in both 46,XY and 46,XX individuals. Mild to severe methemoglobinemia has been reported in these patients ({6:Idkowiak et al., 2012}). Other autosomal recessive methemoglobinemias include types I and II (see {250800}), caused by mutation in the CYB5R3 gene ({613213}). Isolated 17,20-lyase deficiency can also be caused by mutation in the CYP17A1 gene ({609300}), and mutation in the POR gene can manifest clinically as isolated 17,20-lyase deficiency (see {124015.0016}).
 

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