Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Common Name(s)

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Staphylococcus aureus strains resistant to multiple antibiotics

MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is an infection caused by a particular strain of Staphylococcus bacteria that is resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Staphylococcus is a group of bacteria that can cause a range of diseases. Staphylococcus (often called staph, pronounced “staff”) is normally found in the nose and on the skin of 25-30% of the healthy population and generally causes no problems. Most staph infections, including MRSA start as small red bumps on the skin that resemble a pimple, boil or spider bite. Sometimes MRSA remains on the skin and causes painful sores requiring surgical drainage. Other times MRSA bacteria can burrow much deeper causing life-threatening infections of the bones, joints, bloodstream, lungs, or heart. At-risk people include those in medical facilities, especially those having surgeries, artificial joints, catheters or other invasive procedures where there may be openings or wounds in the body for the MRSA to enter. These cases are called health care -associated MRSA (HA-MRSA). In addition, MRSA can be spread in the community (community-associated MRSA or CA-MRSA) by skin-to-skin contact. At-risk individuals may include wrestlers who have close skin-to-skin contact, childcare workers or those living in crowded conditions. Homosexual men also have a higher risk for MRSA.

MRSA is diagnosed by taking a tissue sample of the affected area or nasal secretion samples to detect the presence of the MRSA bacteria. Because MRSA is resistant to many of the commonly used antibiotics, it is more difficult to treat. However, both HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA, still respond to certain antibiotics. Alternative treatment may include surgical drainage of the area of concern on the skin. If you think you may have MRSA or been exposed to it, please see a specialist to determine your risk. If you have MRSA, you may find it helpful to reach out to a support group in addition to talking with your doctor and specialists

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" returned 2273 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Silver-Containing Hydroxyapatite Coating Reduces Biofilm Formation by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus In Vitro and In Vivo.
 

Author(s): Masaya Ueno, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Masatsugu Tsukamoto, Shuichi Eto, Iwao Noda, Takeo Shobuike, Tomoki Kobatake, Motoki Sonohata, Masaaki Mawatari

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():8070597.

 

Biofilm-producing bacteria are the principal causes of infections associated with orthopaedic implants. We previously reported that silver-containing hydroxyapatite (Ag-HA) coatings exhibit high antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In ...

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2017

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Whole genome SNP typing to investigate methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage in a health-care provider as the source of multiple surgical site infections.
 

Author(s): Chandler C Roe, Kimberly S Horn, Elizabeth M Driebe, Jolene Bowers, Joel A Terriquez, Paul Keim, David M Engelthaler

Journal:

 

Prevention of nosocomial transmission of infections is a central responsibility in the healthcare environment, and accurate identification of transmission events presents the first challenge. Phylogenetic analysis based on whole genome sequencing provides a high-resolution approach ...

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2017

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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Biofilms and Their Influence on Bacterial Adhesion and Cohesion.
 

Author(s): Khulood Hamid Dakheel, Raha Abdul Rahim, Vasantha Kumari Neela, Jameel R Al-Obaidi, Tan Geok Hun, Khatijah Yusoff

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2016 ;2016():4708425.

 

Twenty-five methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates were characterized by staphylococcal protein A gene typing and the ability to form biofilms. The presence of exopolysaccharides, proteins, and extracellular DNA and RNA in biofilms was assessed by a dispersal ...

Last Updated: 12 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" returned 114 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The changing face of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
 

Author(s): P Kale, B Dhawan

Journal: Indian J Med Microbiol. ;34(3):275-85.

 

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of infection, both in hospitalised patients with significant healthcare exposure and in patients without healthcare risk factors. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) are known for their ...

Last Updated: 12 Aug 2016

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New Is Old, and Old Is New: Recent Advances in Antibiotic-Based, Antibiotic-Free and Ethnomedical Treatments against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Wound Infections.
 

Author(s): Jian-Lin Dou, Yi-Wei Jiang, Jun-Qiu Xie, Xiao-Gang Zhang

Journal:

 

Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen of wound infections. Thus far, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has become the major causative agent in wound infections, especially for nosocomial infections. MRSA infections are seldom eradicated by routine antimicrobial therapies. ...

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2016

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Investigational drugs to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
 

Author(s): Cuong Vuong, Anthony J Yeh, Gordon Y C Cheung, Michael Otto

Journal: Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2016 ;25(1):73-93.

 

Staphylococcus aureus remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This is to a large extent due to antibiotic-resistant strains, in particular methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). While the toll of invasive MRSA infections appears to decrease in U.S. ...

Last Updated: 13 Jan 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Combination Antibiotic Therapy for Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

 

Last Updated: 11 Aug 2016

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Last Updated: 26 Feb 2016

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Aerosolized Vancomycin in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Pneumonia Under Mechanical Ventilation
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia, Staphylococcal; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

 

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2015

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