Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis

Common Name(s)

Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis

Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis is a viral infection that is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Most cases arise during the late spring and early fall, when the mosquito population is the largest. The likelihood of infection depends very much on the geographical region. In general, individuals who live in or near wooded areas come into contact with mosquitoes more often than individuals who live in urban settings. While the mosquito-borne viruses can affect anyone, children and the elderly are typically affected most severely.

Infection with mosquito-borne viral encephalitis is often asymptomatic. Severe cases can begin with early symptoms of sudden fever, stiff neck, headache, vomiting, and fatigue. These symptoms arise as early as 4 days after being bitten by a mosquito carrying the virus. Symptoms can progress to disorientation, irritability, seizures, and coma. Those with severe cases are at risk for developing encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain, and may develop brain damage as a result of the initial infection.

Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis is diagnosed using blood tests, spinal fluid tests, and testing for antibodies, which are proteins made by the immune system to specifically attack this virus. There is currently no vaccine available for these viruses. Infection can be prevented by protecting yourself from mosquito bites such as by avoiding being outdoors during times of peak mosquito activity at dawn and dusk, wearing long sleeves, and using mosquito repellant. If you have been diagnosed with a mosquito-borne viral encephalitis, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Encephalitis Global Inc.

Encephalitis Global (E Global) is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) public charity formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world. E Global strives to raise awareness, aiming to promote swift diagnosis, to alleviate unnecessary suffering and to prevent untimely death.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Encephalitis Global Inc.

Encephalitis Global (E Global) is a U.S.A. 501(c)(3) public charity formed in 2005 as an alliance connecting encephalitis survivors and caregivers around the world. E Global strives to raise awareness, aiming to promote swift diagnosis, to alleviate unnecessary suffering and to prevent untimely death.

http://www.encephalitisglobal.org

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis" returned 0 free, full-text research articles on human participants.

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mosquito-borne viral encephalitis" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.