Mycobacterium Xenopi

Common Name(s)

Mycobacterium Xenopi

Mycobacterium xenopi (M. xenopi) is a typically harmless bacterium that rarely infects humans. Infections are more common in individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS. The bacteria are found in water, soil, and air and can infect the body through food, skin wounds (cuts or open sores) or the lungs. M. xenopi can cause lung infections. Symptoms include chronic cough, shortness of breath, weakness, and fever. These symptoms present themselves gradually over a long period of time spanning months or years. A good treatment for M. xenopi infections has not been established but doctors usually prescribe multiple antibiotics.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Mycobacterium Xenopi" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Mycobacterium Xenopi" returned 26 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Miliary pulmonary nodules due to Mycobacterium xenopi in a steroid-induced immunocompromised patient successfully treated with chemotherapy: a case report.
 

Author(s): Yoshio Okano, Tsutomu Shinohara, Shino Imanishi, Naoki Takahashi, Nobuhito Naito, Takanari Taoka, Naoki Kadota, Fumitaka Ogushi

Journal:

 

Mycobacterium xenopi-infected patients have a high prevalence of pulmonary cavities and nodules. However, the clinical course for patients with miliary nodules due to M. xenopi has not yet been reported.

Last Updated: 11 Jun 2016

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A Case of Lung Cancer Originating from Cavitary Mycobacterium xenopi Infection.
 

Author(s): Viral K Doshi, Shreedhar R Kulkarni, Nang M Kham, Kent S Kapitan

Journal: Respir Care. 2015 Mar;60(3):e56-8.

 

Coexistence of Mycobacterium xenopi with lung cancer has been reported. However, lung cancer originating within a pre-existing cavity caused by M. xenopi has not. A 55-y-old woman with a history of smoking presented with complaints of chronic dry cough, night sweats, and weight loss ...

Last Updated: 4 Mar 2015

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Multilocus sequence typing of Mycobacterium xenopi.
 

Author(s): David C Alexander, Theodore K Marras, Jennifer H Ma, Samia Mirza, Daniel Liu, Julianne V Kus, Hafid Soualhine, Vincent Escuyer, David Warshauer, Sarah K Brode, David J Farrell, Frances B Jamieson

Journal: J. Clin. Microbiol.. 2014 Nov;52(11):3973-7.

 

Mycobacterium xenopi is an opportunistic mycobacterial pathogen of increasing clinical importance. Surveillance of M. xenopi is hampered by the absence of tools for genotyping and molecular epidemiology. In this study, we describe the development and evaluation of an effective multilocus ...

Last Updated: 17 Oct 2014

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Mycobacterium Xenopi" returned 3 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mycobacterium xenopi pulmonary infection in an HIV infected patient under highly active antiretroviral treatment.
 

Author(s): C Bachmeyer, L Blum, S Stelianides, B Benchaa, N Gruat, O Danne

Journal: Thorax. 2001 Dec;56(12):978-9.

 

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is responsible for a striking reduction in AIDS related morbidity and mortality by partly restoring immune function. However, HAART can also precipitate the development of clinically apparent opportunistic infections in patients with latent ...

Last Updated: 19 Nov 2001

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[Mycobacterium xenopi: epidemiological and bacteriological features].
 

Author(s): J N Dauendorffer, C Laurain, M Weber, M Dailloux

Journal: Ann. Biol. Clin. (Paris). ;59(2):123-30.

 

Mycobacterium xenopi is a scotochromogenic slow-growing atypical mycobacteria, with a thermostable catalase, no production of niacin and whose cell wall contains types I and VI long-chain fatty acids. Cosmopolitan, it is mainly recovered in tap-warm water. The contamination occurs ...

Last Updated: 3 Apr 2001

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Pulmonary infection due to Mycobacterium xenopi.
 

Author(s): T Terashima, F Sakamaki, N Hasegawa, M Kanazawa, T Kawashiro

Journal: Intern. Med.. 1994 Sep;33(9):536-9.

 

We describe two cases of pulmonary infection due to Mycobacterium xenopi (M. xenopi). Both cases were men, ages 61 and 54 yr. In the first patient, lung infection due to M. xenopi occurred after gastrectomy. The second patient had an inactive M. tuberculosis infection. Both had pulmonary ...

Last Updated: 24 Jan 1995

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Treatment of Mycobacterium Xenopi Pulmonary Infection
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Atypical; Mycobacterium, Pulmonary, Tuberculous

 

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2017

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