Myiasis

Common Name(s)

Myiasis

Myiasis in general is a parasitic infection by fly larvae (maggots) that grow inside human skin and feed on the tissues. For humans, it is most commonly caused by the botfly larvae. It most often occurs to people in close contact with cattle. Individuals can contract myiasis through open wounds and lesions, unbroken skin, nose or ears, and through infected food. Myiasis can be located in a variety of areas from the skin, eyes, ears, stomach, and intestinal tract. If cutaneous myiasis (skin), affected individuals may feel painful, slow-developing ulcers and boil-like sores. For nasal myiases (nose), symptoms include: stuffy nose, severe nasal irritation, swelling, fevers, and possibly even death. For aural myiasis (ears) individuals may experience buzzing noises and crawling sensations and possibly small discharges. Myiasis is rare in North America, and as a result, delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis is common. Individuals are diagnosed usually through a physical examination for larvae in affected areas and an inquiry about his or her travel history. Ultrasounds are also sometimes used. Treatments include surgical removal of the larvae and certain medication depending on the larva. To prevent myiasis, people should maintain good personal hygiene, wash clothes in hot water and be vigilant in less sanitized areas.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myiasis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Myiasis" returned 190 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Case report: A rare case of urinary myiasis induced by the fourth instar larvae of Telmatoscopus albipunctatus.
 

Author(s): Beibei Zhang, Lifu Wang, Jiahua Liu, Lian Xu, Langui Song, Xiaoying Wu, Xi Sun, Zhongdao Wu

Journal:

 

Telmatoscopus albipunctatus, a cosmopolitan fly, is widely distributed throughout moist environments. It is one of the most medically important insects (especially in urban environments) that may potentially cause myiasis. Urinary myiasis and other sites of infestation, including ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Case of Furuncular Myiasis Due to Cordylobia anthropophaga in a Korean Traveler Returning from Uganda.
 

Author(s): Su-Min Song, Shin-Woo Kim, Youn-Kyoung Goo, Yeonchul Hong, Meesun Ock, Hee-Jae Cha, Dong-Il Chung

Journal: Korean J. Parasitol.. 2017 Jun;55(3):327-331.

 

A fly larva was recovered from a boil-like lesion on the left leg of a 33-year-old male on 21 November 2016. He has worked in an endemic area of myiasis, Uganda, for 8 months and returned to Korea on 11 November 2016. The larva was identified as Cordylobia anthropophaga by morphological ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Myiasis associated with an invasive ductal carcinoma of the left breast: case study.
 

Author(s): Felipe Tavares Rodrigues, Larissa Raquel Klemig, Marcos Roberto Pereira Cardozo, Paulo Cesar Alves, Valéria Magalhães Aguiar, Claudia Soares Lessa

Journal:

 

Most breast cancers originate in the ductal epithelium and are referred to as invasive ductal carcinoma. In this study we report on the clinical procedures adopted to diagnose myiasis in association with infiltrating metastatic breast carcinoma in a female patient. A 41 years old ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Myiasis" returned 11 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Review of Cases and a Patient Report of Myiasis with Tracheostomy, Peru.
 

Author(s): Virgilio E Failoc-Rojas, Heber Silva-Díaz

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2016 Mar;22(3):563-5.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Nosocomial myiasis in Latin America and the Caribbean: an overlooked reality?].
 

Author(s): Rocío Sánchez-Sánchez, Ólger Calderón-Arguedas, Nury Mora-Brenes, Adriana Troyo

Journal: Rev. Panam. Salud Publica. 2014 Sep;36(3):201-5.

 

Nosocomial myiasis is an infestation by fly larvae that occurs while a patient is hospitalized. To analyze the available information on nosocomial myiasis in Latin America and the Caribbean, a search was done for cases published in the last 52 years. Nine clinical cases were found ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Human oestriasis acquired in Florence and review on human myiasis in Italy.
 

Author(s): Lorenzo Zammarchi, Andrea Giorni, Simona Gabrielli, Marianne Strohmeyer, Gabriella Cancrini, Alessandro Bartoloni

Journal: Parasitol. Res.. 2014 Jun;113(6):2379-85.

 

Myiases-causing flies are widely observed in tropical countries, whereas in Italy, a temperate country, their epidemiology and clinical presentation are poorly known. We report three cases of human conjunctival myiasis recently observed at our hospital, and the results of a review ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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