Myiasis

Common Name(s)

Myiasis

Myiasis in general is a parasitic infection by fly larvae (maggots) that grow inside human skin and feed on the tissues. For humans, it is most commonly caused by the botfly larvae. It most often occurs to people in close contact with cattle. Individuals can contract myiasis through open wounds and lesions, unbroken skin, nose or ears, and through infected food. Myiasis can be located in a variety of areas from the skin, eyes, ears, stomach, and intestinal tract. If cutaneous myiasis (skin), affected individuals may feel painful, slow-developing ulcers and boil-like sores. For nasal myiases (nose), symptoms include: stuffy nose, severe nasal irritation, swelling, fevers, and possibly even death. For aural myiasis (ears) individuals may experience buzzing noises and crawling sensations and possibly small discharges. Myiasis is rare in North America, and as a result, delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis is common. Individuals are diagnosed usually through a physical examination for larvae in affected areas and an inquiry about his or her travel history. Ultrasounds are also sometimes used. Treatments include surgical removal of the larvae and certain medication depending on the larva. To prevent myiasis, people should maintain good personal hygiene, wash clothes in hot water and be vigilant in less sanitized areas.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myiasis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Myiasis" returned 201 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A Case of Cutaneous Myiasis Caused by Larvae in a Korean Traveler Returning from Central Africa.
 

Author(s): Joo Yeon Ko, In-Yong Lee, Byeong Jin Park, Jae Min Shin, Jae-Sook Ryu

Journal: Korean J. Parasitol.. 2018 Apr;56(2):199-203.

 

The cutaneous myiasis has been rarely reported in the Republic of Korea. We intended to describe here a case of furuncular cutaneous myiasis caused by larvae in a Korean traveler returned from Central Africa. A patient, 55-year-old man, had traveled to Equatorial Guinea, in Central ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Fluctuating lesion of the scalp after a journey to the tropics: a case of furunculoid myiasis.
 

Author(s): Sara Geyer, Galina Balakirski, Dennis Tappe, Claudio Cacch, Ruth Knüchel-Clarke, Laurenz Schmit

Journal:

 

Fluctuating lesions or furuncles of the scalp occur frequently in dermatological practice. This clinical condition is often caused by gram positive bacteria (e.g. staphylococcal or streptococcal skin infection) or fungal infection (e.g. Kerion celsi). However, a rare diagnosis such ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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First case of Furuncular Myiasis due to Cordylobia anthropophaga in a Latin American resident returning from Central African Republic.
 

Author(s): Jóse A Suárez, Argentina Ying, Luis A Orillac, Israel Cedeño, Néstor Sosa

Journal: Braz J Infect Dis. ;22(1):70-73.

 

Myiasis is a temporary infection of the skin or other organs with fly larvae. The larvae develop into boil-like lesions. Creeping sensations and pain are usually described by patients. Following the maturation of the larvae, spontaneous exiting and healing is experienced. Herein we ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Myiasis" returned 12 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Orbital myiasis in eviscerated socket and review of literature.
 

Author(s): Charudutt Kalamkar, Nishant Radke, Amrita Mukherjee

Journal:

 

Orbital myiasis is a potentially destructive infestation of the orbital tissues. It is uncommon in clinical practice and is seen in patients with poor hygiene with debilitated or immunocompromised state. We report a case of orbital myiasis in an empty socket of an immunocompetent ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Review of Cases and a Patient Report of Myiasis with Tracheostomy, Peru.
 

Author(s): Virgilio E Failoc-Rojas, Heber Silva-Díaz

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2016 Mar;22(3):563-5.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Nosocomial myiasis in Latin America and the Caribbean: an overlooked reality?].
 

Author(s): Rocío Sánchez-Sánchez, Ólger Calderón-Arguedas, Nury Mora-Brenes, Adriana Troyo

Journal: Rev. Panam. Salud Publica. 2014 Sep;36(3):201-5.

 

Nosocomial myiasis is an infestation by fly larvae that occurs while a patient is hospitalized. To analyze the available information on nosocomial myiasis in Latin America and the Caribbean, a search was done for cases published in the last 52 years. Nine clinical cases were found ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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