Whiplash

Common Name(s)

Whiplash, Neck strain

Whiplash, or neck strain, occurs when there is a forceful and fast back-and-forth movement of the neck, almost like a whip cracking. The sudden force can injure bones in the spine as well as muscles and tendons in the neck. Most cases of whiplash occur due to car accidents, but it can also occur as a result of physical abuse, contact sports injuries (such as football and hockey), or other incidents. Symptoms typically develop within a day of the injury and can include neck pain, limited range of neck motion, headaches, pain in the shoulder, numbness in the arm, fatigue, and dizziness. Some individuals may even have blurred vision, sleep disturbance, memory problems, or depression.

Whiplash injuries usually heal on their own and most people with whiplash will recover in a few months. However, some people continue to have problems for years after the injury. Your doctor may even recommend treating the pain and complications of whiplash with ice, pain medication, a neck brace, a massage, or therapy. Doctors typically diagnose whiplash with a physical exam along with images of the neck using X-rays, CT scans and an MRI. If you have been diagnosed with whiplash, talk to your doctor about the treatment plan that is best for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Whiplash" for support, advocacy or research.

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Brain Injury Association

Our mission is to advance brain injury prevention, research, treatment and education and to improve the quality of life for all individuals impacted by brain injury. Through advocacy, we bring help, hope and healing to millions of individuals living with brain injury, their families and the professionals who serve them

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2015

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National Spinal Cord Injury Association

Our mission is to improve the quality of life of all people living with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D). We provide active-lifestyle information, peer support and advocacy that empower individuals to achieve their highest potential in all facets of life.

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Whiplash" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Brain Injury Association

Our mission is to advance brain injury prevention, research, treatment and education and to improve the quality of life for all individuals impacted by brain injury. Through advocacy, we bring help, hope and healing to millions of individuals living with brain injury, their families and the professionals who serve them

http://www.biausa.org

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2015

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National Spinal Cord Injury Association

Our mission is to improve the quality of life of all people living with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D). We provide active-lifestyle information, peer support and advocacy that empower individuals to achieve their highest potential in all facets of life.

http://www.spinalcord.org

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Whiplash" returned 281 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cost-effectiveness of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach versus physical activity prescription in the treatment of chronic whiplash-associated disorders: Analyses of a randomized clinical trial.
 

Author(s): Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Anneli Peolsson, Gunnel Peterson, Åsa Dedering, Gun Johansson, Lars Bernfort

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(25):e7274.

 

Fifty percent of people injured by whiplash still report neck pain after 1 year and costs associated with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are mostly attributed to health service and sick-leave costs in chronic conditions. With increasing health care expenditures the economic impact ...

Last Updated: 22 Jun 2017

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Interdisciplinary rehabilitation after whiplash injury: An observational prospective 5 years outcome study.
 

Author(s): Philipp Haiduk, Thomas Benz, Susanne Lehmann, Francoise Gysi-Klaus, André Aeschlimann, Beat A Michel, Felix Angst

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(9):e6113.

 

Whiplash injury associated disorders (WAD) cause high costs for public health care. Neck pain is number 16 on the global prevalence lists for the 50 most common sequelae. It is of importance to obtain long-term data on disability and working capacity outcomes after rehabilitation. ...

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2017

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The effect of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach on psychological factors in chronic whiplash-associated disorders: A randomized controlled trial with a 2-year follow-up.
 

Author(s): Thomas Overmeer, Gunnel Peterson, Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Anneli Peolsson

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Aug;95(34):e4430.

 

To investigate the effect of neck-specific exercise with (NSEB) or without (NSE) a behavioural approach and prescribed physical activity (PPA) on general pain disability and psychological factors in chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), grade 2 and 3, with a 2-year follow-up.

Last Updated: 26 Aug 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Whiplash" returned 27 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Thoracic dysfunction in whiplash-associated disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol.
 

Author(s): Nicola R Heneghan, Richard Smith, Alison Rushton

Journal:

 

Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) research has largely focused on the neck, yet symptoms often include other areas. The prevalence of acute thoracic spine pain is reported ~66 %, which is perhaps unsurprising given the mechanism of injury involves a forceful loading/eccentric contraction ...

Last Updated: 10 Feb 2016

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The Effectiveness of Conservative Management for Acute Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) II: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.
 

Author(s): Taweewat Wiangkham, Joan Duda, Sayeed Haque, Mohammad Madi, Alison Rushton

Journal:

 

To evaluate the effectiveness of conservative management (except drug therapy) for acute Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) II.

Last Updated: 22 Jul 2015

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Physiotherapy management of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD).
 

Author(s): Michele Sterling

Journal: J Physiother. 2014 Mar;60(1):5-12.

 

Last Updated: 26 May 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Whiplash-associated Disorders - Needling Treatments Pilot Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Whiplash Injury

 

Last Updated: 24 Aug 2015

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Effectiveness of an Educational Video Following Acute Whiplash Trauma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Whiplash Injuries

 

Last Updated: 10 Jun 2016

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Is Chronic Whiplash-associated Pain of Neurogenic Origin?
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Whiplash Injuries

 

Last Updated: 22 Feb 2016

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