Whiplash

Common Name(s)

Whiplash, Neck strain

Whiplash, or neck strain, occurs when there is a forceful and fast back-and-forth movement of the neck, almost like a whip cracking. The sudden force can injure bones in the spine as well as muscles and tendons in the neck. Most cases of whiplash occur due to car accidents, but it can also occur as a result of physical abuse, contact sports injuries (such as football and hockey), or other incidents. Symptoms typically develop within a day of the injury and can include neck pain, limited range of neck motion, headaches, pain in the shoulder, numbness in the arm, fatigue, and dizziness. Some individuals may even have blurred vision, sleep disturbance, memory problems, or depression.

Whiplash injuries usually heal on their own and most people with whiplash will recover in a few months. However, some people continue to have problems for years after the injury. Your doctor may even recommend treating the pain and complications of whiplash with ice, pain medication, a neck brace, a massage, or therapy. Doctors typically diagnose whiplash with a physical exam along with images of the neck using X-rays, CT scans and an MRI. If you have been diagnosed with whiplash, talk to your doctor about the treatment plan that is best for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Whiplash" for support, advocacy or research.

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Brain Injury Association

Our mission is to advance brain injury prevention, research, treatment and education and to improve the quality of life for all individuals impacted by brain injury. Through advocacy, we bring help, hope and healing to millions of individuals living with brain injury, their families and the professionals who serve them

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2015

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National Spinal Cord Injury Association

Our mission is to improve the quality of life of all people living with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D). We provide active-lifestyle information, peer support and advocacy that empower individuals to achieve their highest potential in all facets of life.

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Whiplash" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Brain Injury Association

Our mission is to advance brain injury prevention, research, treatment and education and to improve the quality of life for all individuals impacted by brain injury. Through advocacy, we bring help, hope and healing to millions of individuals living with brain injury, their families and the professionals who serve them

http://www.biausa.org

Last Updated: 15 Jun 2015

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National Spinal Cord Injury Association

Our mission is to improve the quality of life of all people living with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D). We provide active-lifestyle information, peer support and advocacy that empower individuals to achieve their highest potential in all facets of life.

http://www.spinalcord.org

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Whiplash" returned 271 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Isometric muscle fatigue of the paravertebral and upper extremity muscles after whiplash injury.
 

Author(s): Pejana Rastovic, Marija Definis Gojanovic, Marina Berberovic, Marko Pavlovic, Josip Lesko, Gordan Galic, Maja Pandza

Journal: Ann Saudi Med. ;37(4):297-307.

 

Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) result from injury of neck structures that most often occur during traffic accidents as a result of rapid acceleration-deceleration. The dominant symptoms manifest in the musculoskeletal system and include increased fatigue. Because of the frequency ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Whiplash Syndrome- a disorder of the brain?
 

Author(s): Jennifer Biendara, Andreas Otte

Journal: Hell J Nucl Med. ;20(2):110-112.

 

In the past two decades much has been published on whiplash injury, yet both the confusion regarding the condition, and the medicolegal discussion about it have increased. In this paper, functional imaging research results are summarized using MRIcroGL 3D visualization software and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Cost-effectiveness of neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach versus physical activity prescription in the treatment of chronic whiplash-associated disorders: Analyses of a randomized clinical trial.
 

Author(s): Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Anneli Peolsson, Gunnel Peterson, Åsa Dedering, Gun Johansson, Lars Bernfort

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(25):e7274.

 

Fifty percent of people injured by whiplash still report neck pain after 1 year and costs associated with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are mostly attributed to health service and sick-leave costs in chronic conditions. With increasing health care expenditures the economic impact ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Whiplash" returned 30 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Eye movements in patients with Whiplash Associated Disorders: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Britta Kristina Ischebeck, Jurryt de Vries, Jos N Van der Geest, Malou Janssen, Jan Paul Van Wingerden, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Maarten A Frens

Journal:

 

Many people with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) report problems with vision, some of which may be due to impaired eye movements. Better understanding of such impaired eye movements could improve diagnostics and treatment strategies. This systematic review surveys the current ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Factors predicting outcome in whiplash injury: a systematic meta-review of prognostic factors.
 

Author(s): Pooria Sarrami, Elizabeth Armstrong, Justine M Naylor, Ian A Harris

Journal: J Orthop Traumatol. 2017 Mar;18(1):9-16.

 

Whiplash injuries are among the leading injuries related to car crashes and it is important to determine the prognostic factors that predict the outcome of patients with these injuries. This meta-review aims to identify factors that are associated with outcome after acute whiplash injury.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Development of an active behavioural physiotherapy intervention (ABPI) for acute whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) II management: a modified Delphi study.
 

Author(s): Taweewat Wiangkham, Joan Duda, M Sayeed Haque, Alison Rushton

Journal:

 

To develop an active behavioural physiotherapy intervention (ABPI) for managing acute whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) II using a modified Delphi method to develop consensus for the basic features of the ABPI.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficacy of the Use of Dry Needling in Conventional Non-invasive Treatment of Acute and Subacute Whiplash
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Whiplash Injuries

 

Last Updated: 17 Apr 2018

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Last Updated: 16 Sep 2017

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Neck-specific Exercise in Chronic Whiplash
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Whiplash Associated Disorders

 

Last Updated: 17 Oct 2017

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