Obesity

Common Name(s)

Obesity

Obesity is a condition characterized by the build up of excessive body fat. Obesity is defined differently depending on the country, but in Western countries, such as the U.S. and many European countries, obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m^2.

A BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight (in kilograms) and dividing it by the square of their height (in meters). Using the BMI, doctors may classify someone as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Obesity is further broken down into three categories. First, obesity I is measured as a BMI of 30-34.99 kg/m^2, obesity II is 35-39.99 kg/m^2, and obesity III is a BMI greater than 40 kg/m^2. It is important to note that these values are only recognized for adults (18+ years old). In adolescents, different scales are used based on a number of factors.

There are many potential causes for obesity such as environmental, genetic, or both. Contributing factors that may lead to obesity include a poor diet, little or no exercise, infections, and certain genetic conditions. Other contributing factors may include some social determinants such as socioeconomic class and geographic location. In any case, obesity can lead to serious health problems, including a lower life expectancy. On average, obesity can reduce an individual's life expectancy by six to seven years. Obesity may also lead to an increased risk for many conditions including type II diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, many cancers, gastrointestinal conditions, abnormal or poor breathing, depression, and more.

Generally, obesity is treated with certain lifestyle changes such as diet plans and making exercise routines. Medications and surgeries may also be an option depending on the cause of the obesity, its severity, and the individual's choices. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with obesity, contact your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

http://www.bardetbiedl.org/

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Obesity" returned 12901 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, obesity, and breast cancer risk in Chinese population.
 

Author(s): Qiong Fang, Yi-Wei Tong, Gen Wang, Nan Zhang, Wei-Guo Chen, Ya-Fen Li, Kun-Wei Shen, Bei-Wen Wu, Xiao-Song Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(30):e11692.

 

Breast cancer (BC), obesity, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) shared a common mechanism of dysregulated metabolism and inflammatory response in disease initiation. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is associated with adverse survival of BC patients. The aim of this study is to identify ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effects of pharmacopuncture with wild ginseng complex in 2 elderly patients with obesity: Case report.
 

Author(s): Ji Hye Hwang, Hyo Won Jung

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(28):e11534.

 

Obesity has become a worldwide health challenge. In elderly patients, obesity induces a decrease in skeletal muscle strength and mass, which is linked to age-related sarcopenia. These are important predictors of hospitalization and death. Herein, we report on 2 elderly male patients ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prevalence of obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and associated risk factors in a mining workforce, Democratic Republic of Congo.
 

Author(s): Paul Makan Mawaw, Thierry Yav, Olivier Mukuku, Olivier Lukanka, Patrick Mumba Kazadi, Daniel Tambwe, Jules Omba, Jean-Baptiste Kakoma, Michael John Bangs, Oscar Numbi Luboya

Journal:

 

The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the largest increase occurs in Africa. Obesity, diabetes mellitus and hypertension (ODH) are major risk factors for cardiovascular ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Obesity" returned 2705 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effective strategies for prevention, control, and treatment of obesity in primary health care setting for adolescents, adults, and elderly people: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Emanuele Souza Marques, Tatiana Henriques Leite, Catarina Machado Azeredo, Diana Barbosa Cunha, Eliseu Verly Júnior

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10925.

 

It is unquestionable that obesity is a global epidemic and one of the main public health problems in the world. The management of obesity in Primary Health Care has an important role if being considered the magnitude and serious consequence of this problem. Despite this, there is ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Obesity and response to anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents in patients with select immune-mediated inflammatory diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Siddharth Singh, Antonio Facciorusso, Abha G Singh, Niels Vande Casteele, Amir Zarrinpar, Larry J Prokop, Eduardo L Grunvald, Jeffrey R Curtis, William J Sandborn

Journal:

 

We sought to evaluate the association between obesity and response to anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) agents, through a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effectiveness of testosterone therapy in obese men with low testosterone levels, for losing weight, controlling obesity complications, and preventing cardiovascular events: Protocol of a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Amanda S Mangolim, Leonardo A R Brito, Vania S Nunes-Nogueira

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(17):e0482.

 

The use of testosterone replacement therapy in obese men with low testosterone levels has been controversial. This review aims to analyze the effectiveness of testosterone therapy for weight loss and preventing cardiovascular complications in obese men with low testosterone levels.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Individualized Obesity Pharmacotherapy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity

 

Last Updated: 11 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 9 Mar 2017

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