Obesity

Common Name(s)

Obesity

Obesity is a condition characterized by the build up of excessive body fat. Obesity is defined differently depending on the country, but in Western countries, such as the U.S. and many European countries, obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m^2.

A BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight (in kilograms) and dividing it by the square of their height (in meters). Using the BMI, doctors may classify someone as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. Obesity is further broken down into three categories. First, obesity I is measured as a BMI of 30-34.99 kg/m^2, obesity II is 35-39.99 kg/m^2, and obesity III is a BMI greater than 40 kg/m^2. It is important to note that these values are only recognized for adults (18+ years old). In adolescents, different scales are used based on a number of factors.

There are many potential causes for obesity such as environmental, genetic, or both. Contributing factors that may lead to obesity include a poor diet, little or no exercise, infections, and certain genetic conditions. Other contributing factors may include some social determinants such as socioeconomic class and geographic location. In any case, obesity can lead to serious health problems, including a lower life expectancy. On average, obesity can reduce an individual's life expectancy by six to seven years. Obesity may also lead to an increased risk for many conditions including type II diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, many cancers, gastrointestinal conditions, abnormal or poor breathing, depression, and more.

Generally, obesity is treated with certain lifestyle changes such as diet plans and making exercise routines. Medications and surgeries may also be an option depending on the cause of the obesity, its severity, and the individual's choices. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with obesity, contact your doctor to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Obesity" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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Bardet Biedl Syndrome Family Association

Our Mission: Improve the lives of families affected by BBS through information, support and by advancing research and therapy Our Vision: Effective support, therapy, and treatment for all people affected by Bardet Biedl Syndrome

http://www.bardetbiedl.org/

Last Updated: 14 Mar 2013

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Obesity" returned 12286 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevalence of Obesity Among Youths by Household Income and Education Level of Head of Household - United States 2011-2014.
 

Author(s): Cynthia L Ogden, Margaret D Carroll, Tala H Fakhouri, Craig M Hales, Cheryl D Fryar, Xianfen Li, David S Freedman

Journal:

 

Obesity prevalence varies by income and education level, although patterns might differ among adults and youths (1-3). Previous analyses of national data showed that the prevalence of childhood obesity by income and education of household head varied across race/Hispanic origin groups ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Southern Italian teenagers: the older they get, the unfit they become with girls worse than boys: a cohort epidemiological study: The adolescents surveillance system for the obesity prevention project (ASSO).
 

Author(s): Monèm Jemni, M Justin Zaman, Daniela La Rocca, Garden Tabacchi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(51):e8810.

 

Italy comprises a high proportion of people who never exercised. Low physical activity levels in adolescents is a risk factor for several disorders. The aim of this cohort epidemiological study was to compare physical fitness profiles between boys and girls with regard to age and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Design of a school randomized trial for nudging students towards healthy diet and physical activity to prevent obesity: PAAPAS Nudge study protocol.
 

Author(s): Diana Barbosa Cunha, Eliseu Verly Junior, Vitor Barreto Paravidino, Marina Campos Araújo, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Michele Ribeiro Sgambato, Bárbara da Silva Nalin de Souza, Emanuele Souza Marques, Valéria Troncoso Baltar, Alessandra Silva Dias de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Feldenheimer da Silva, Federico J Pérez-Cueto, Rosangela Alves Pereira, Rosely Sichieri

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(50):e8898.

 

To evaluate the effectiveness of nudge activities at school on the students' body mass index (BMI).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Obesity" returned 2547 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The prevalence, metabolic risk and effects of lifestyle intervention for metabolically healthy obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis: A PRISMA-compliant article.
 

Author(s): Hanli Lin, Liqun Zhang, Ruizhi Zheng, Yishan Zheng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(47):e8838.

 

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to firstly obtain a reliable estimation of the prevalence of metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals in obesity, then assessed the risk of developing metabolic abnormalities (MA) among MHO individuals. At last, we evaluated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[The potential contribution of adenovirus 36 to the development of obesity].
 

Author(s): Francisca Villavicencio, Macarena Valladares

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Aug;145(8):1054-1059.

 

The evidence of the last 20 years shows a link between viral infections and obesity in animals and humans. There are five adenovirus which have been associated with development of obesity in animals. SMAM-1 virus was the first studied in humans associated with obesity. There is compelling ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Gastric Contractility Modulation - a novel method for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity.
 

Author(s): Jarosław Kozakowski, Harold E Lebovitz, Wojciech Zgliczyński, Wiesław Tarnowski

Journal: Endokrynol Pol. 2017 ;68(5):579-584.

 

Because the majority of antidiabetic medications are of limited efficacy and patient compliance with treatment is usually poor, new therapies are still being searched for. In the review a newly developed system for treatment of subjects with type 2 diabetes and concomitant overweight/obesity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Individualized Obesity Pharmacotherapy
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Obesity

 

Last Updated: 11 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 9 Mar 2017

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