Otitis media

Common Name(s)

Otitis media, Middle ear infection

Otitis Media, also known as an ear infection, is inflammation of the middle ear caused by a bacterial or viral infection. There are two types of otitis media: acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion. Acute otitis media is associated with fluid build up in the middle ear causing fever, pain, and fluid drainage from the ear. These symptoms can last up to a few weeks. Otitis media with effusion occurs after the initial infection is gone but fluid continues to build up in the middle ear. If an infection is severe enough and not treated appropriately, there is risk for additional complications. These include ruptured eardrum, permanent hearing loss and spread of the infection to the bones of the ear, brain or spinal fluid.

Otitis media is most often present in young children and seen more commonly during the fall and winter months. To diagnose an ear infection, doctors will use a lighted tool called an otoscope to look in the ear for signs of an ear infection, such as redness and a buildup of fluid. They may also preform a test called tympanometry to see how well the eardrum is working. Many ear infections resolve without treatment. If you or your child has been diagnosed with otitis media, talk with a physician to discuss the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Otitis media" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Otitis media" returned 861 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Roles of T follicular helper cells in the pathogenesis of adenoidal hypertrophy combined with secretory otitis media.
 

Author(s): Chunyan Feng, Qicheng Zhang, Guangquan Zhou, Jing Zhang, Yanshu Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(13):e0211.

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in secretory otitis media (SOM) combined with adenoidal hypertrophy (AH).Patients with AH or AH combined with SOM admitted to the Yancheng No. 1 People's Hospital from December 2012 to December 2014 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effects of salso-bromo-iodine thermal water in children suffering from otitis media with effusion: a randomized controlled pilot study.
 

Author(s): I La Mantia, C Andaloro

Journal: Clin Ter. ;169(1):e10-e13.

 

Otitis media with effusion (OME) is an ear disorder defined by the presence of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute infection. The aim of this randomised and controlled pilot study was to evaluate whether the treatment with a watery salsobromo- iodine solution, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Elucidating the impact of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine programme on pneumonia, sepsis and otitis media hospital admissions in England using a composite control.
 

Author(s): Dominic Thorrington, Nick Andrews, Julia Stowe, Elizabeth Miller, Albert Jan van Hoek

Journal:

 

The seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was introduced in England in September 2006, changing to the 13-valent vaccine in April 2010. PCV impact on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) has been extensively reported, but less described is its impact on the burden of pneumonia, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Otitis media" returned 91 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Herbal medicines for treating acute otitis media: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Mi Ju Son, Young-Eun Kim, Young Il Song, Yun Hee Kim

Journal: Complement Ther Med. 2017 Dec;35():133-139.

 

This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical evidence for the widespread use of herbal medicines in treating acute otitis media.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Review: Expression of Aquaporins in Otitis Media.
 

Author(s): Su Young Jung, Sung Su Kim, Young Il Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo

Journal:

 

Otitis media (OM) refers to inflammatory diseases of the middle ear (ME), regardless of cause or pathological mechanism. Among the molecular biological studies assessing the pathology of OM are investigations of the expression of aquaporins (AQPs) in the ME and Eustachian tube (ET). ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Antibiotic therapy for children with acute otitis media.
 

Author(s): Teeranai Sakulchit, Ran D Goldman

Journal: Can Fam Physician. 2017 Sep;63(9):685-687.

 

Acute otitis media is one of the most common infections in childhood. Routine prescription of antibiotics has led to adverse events and bacterial resistance to antibiotics. I have heard that "watchful waiting" is a good strategy to reduce this potential problem in children older ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Efficacy of Nasal Steroids in Treatment of Otitis Media With Effusion: Acomparative Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Otitis Media With Effusion

 

Last Updated: 17 Apr 2018

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Taste Changes in Acute Otitis Media
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Otitis Media

 

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2017

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Does Tympanometry Predict Antibiotic Usage in Acute Otitis Media?
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Otitis Media

 

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

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