Otitis media

Common Name(s)

Otitis media, Middle ear infection

Otitis Media, also known as an ear infection, is inflammation of the middle ear caused by a bacterial or viral infection. There are two types of otitis media: acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion. Acute otitis media is associated with fluid build up in the middle ear causing fever, pain, and fluid drainage from the ear. These symptoms can last up to a few weeks. Otitis media with effusion occurs after the initial infection is gone but fluid continues to build up in the middle ear. If an infection is severe enough and not treated appropriately, there is risk for additional complications. These include ruptured eardrum, permanent hearing loss and spread of the infection to the bones of the ear, brain or spinal fluid.

Otitis media is most often present in young children and seen more commonly during the fall and winter months. To diagnose an ear infection, doctors will use a lighted tool called an otoscope to look in the ear for signs of an ear infection, such as redness and a buildup of fluid. They may also preform a test called tympanometry to see how well the eardrum is working. Many ear infections resolve without treatment. If you or your child has been diagnosed with otitis media, talk with a physician to discuss the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Otitis media" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Otitis media" returned 835 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Impact of influenza vaccine on childhood otitis media in Taiwan: A population-based study.
 

Author(s): Pei-Wen Wu, Chien-Chia Huang, Wei-Chieh Chao, Chi-Chin Sun, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Ta-Jen Lee

Journal:

 

Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common infectious disease in children and usually accompanied by a preceding viral respiratory tract infection, especially in the preschool-age population. The study aimed to evaluate impact of influenza vaccine on childhood otitis media.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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High-frequency conductive hearing loss as a diagnostic test for incomplete ossicular discontinuity in non-cholesteatomatous chronic suppurative otitis media.
 

Author(s): Krishnamurti M A Sarmento, André Luiz Lopes Sampaio, Tatiana Guthierre Targino Santos, Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de Oliveira

Journal:

 

Chronic suppurative otitis media, with or without cholesteatoma, may lead to erosion of the ossicles and discontinuity of the ossicular chain. In incomplete ossicular discontinuity (IOD), partial erosion of the ossicles occurs, but some sound transmission is noted throughout the ossicular ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prevalence of paediatric chronic suppurative otitis media and hearing impairment in rural Malawi: A cross-sectional survey.
 

Author(s): Luke Hunt, Wakisa Mulwafu, Victoria Knott, Chifundo B Ndamala, Andrew W Naunje, Sam Dewhurst, Andrew Hall, Kevin Mortimer

Journal:

 

To estimate the prevalence of World Health Organization-defined chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and mild hearing impairment in a population representative sample of school-entry age children in rural Malawi. A secondary objective was to explore factors associated with CSOM ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Otitis media" returned 85 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Acute Otitis Media in Children.
 

Author(s): Roderick P Venekamp, Roger A M J Damoiseaux, Anne G M Schilder

Journal: Am Fam Physician. 2017 Jan;95(2):109-110.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Herbal medicines for the treatment of otitis media with effusion: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Mi Ju Son, Songie Choi, Young-Eun Kim, Yun Hee Kim

Journal:

 

This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical evidence supporting the use of herbal medicines (HMs) for the treatment of otitis media with effusion (OME).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Association between vitamin D and development of otitis media: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis and systematic review.
 

Author(s): Hong-Bo Li, Xu-Hui Tai, Yue-Hong Sang, Jian-Ping Jia, Zhen-Ming Xu, Xiao-Feng Cui, Song Dai

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Oct;95(40):e4739.

 

Nutrients related to serum vitamin D level were previously shown to be significantly associated with the risk of many chronic diseases. This study aimed to assess potential relationships between serum vitamin D level and otitis media (OM) risk.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Taste Changes in Acute Otitis Media
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Otitis Media

 

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2017

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Does Tympanometry Predict Antibiotic Usage in Acute Otitis Media?
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Otitis Media

 

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

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Video Discharge Instructions for Acute Otitis Media
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Otitis Media

 

Last Updated: 8 May 2017

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