Otitis media

Common Name(s)

Otitis media, Middle ear infection

Otitis Media, also known as an ear infection, is inflammation of the middle ear caused by a bacterial or viral infection. There are two types of otitis media: acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion. Acute otitis media is associated with fluid build up in the middle ear causing fever, pain, and fluid drainage from the ear. These symptoms can last up to a few weeks. Otitis media with effusion occurs after the initial infection is gone but fluid continues to build up in the middle ear. If an infection is severe enough and not treated appropriately, there is risk for additional complications. These include ruptured eardrum, permanent hearing loss and spread of the infection to the bones of the ear, brain or spinal fluid.

Otitis media is most often present in young children and seen more commonly during the fall and winter months. To diagnose an ear infection, doctors will use a lighted tool called an otoscope to look in the ear for signs of an ear infection, such as redness and a buildup of fluid. They may also preform a test called tympanometry to see how well the eardrum is working. Many ear infections resolve without treatment. If you or your child has been diagnosed with otitis media, talk with a physician to discuss the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Otitis media" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Otitis media" returned 876 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Helping children with hearing loss from otitis media with effusion.
 

Author(s): Michael E Pichichero

Journal: Lancet. 2018 08;392(10147):533-534.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Aerobic bacteria associated with chronic suppurative otitis media in Angola.
 

Author(s): Fabian Uddén, Matuba Filipe, Åke Reimer, Maria Paul, Erika Matuschek, John Thegerström, Sven Hammerschmidt, Tuula Pelkonen, Kristian Riesbeck

Journal:

 

Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is an important cause of hearing loss in children and constitutes a serious health problem globally with a strong association to resource-limited living conditions. Topical antibiotics combined with aural toilet is the first-hand treatment for ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Roles of T follicular helper cells in the pathogenesis of adenoidal hypertrophy combined with secretory otitis media.
 

Author(s): Chunyan Feng, Qicheng Zhang, Guangquan Zhou, Jing Zhang, Yanshu Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(13):e0211.

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in secretory otitis media (SOM) combined with adenoidal hypertrophy (AH).Patients with AH or AH combined with SOM admitted to the Yancheng No. 1 People's Hospital from December 2012 to December 2014 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Otitis media" returned 94 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[How I treat … an acute otitis media in children].
 

Author(s): V Heinrichs, J Frère

Journal: Rev Med Liege. 2018 Apr;73(4):167-172.

 

Acute otitis media (AOM) is very common in early childhood (inferior to 2 years). As a spontaneous recovery occurs in superior to 80 % of cases, antibiotics use should not be systematic. The aim of this review is to discuss AOM diagnostic criteria based on the latest recommendations, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Herbal medicines for treating acute otitis media: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Mi Ju Son, Young-Eun Kim, Young Il Song, Yun Hee Kim

Journal: Complement Ther Med. 2017 Dec;35():133-139.

 

This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical evidence for the widespread use of herbal medicines in treating acute otitis media.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Understanding the aetiology and resolution of chronic otitis media from animal and human studies.
 

Author(s): Mahmood F Bhutta, Ruth B Thornton, Lea-Ann S Kirkham, Joseph E Kerschner, Michael T Cheeseman

Journal: Dis Model Mech. 2017 11;10(11):1289-1300.

 

Inflammation of the middle ear, known clinically as chronic otitis media, presents in different forms, such as chronic otitis media with effusion (COME; glue ear) and chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). These are highly prevalent diseases, especially in childhood, and lead to ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

The Efficacy of Nasal Steroids in Treatment of Otitis Media With Effusion: Acomparative Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Otitis Media With Effusion

 

Last Updated: 17 Apr 2018

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Taste Changes in Acute Otitis Media
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Otitis Media

 

Last Updated: 16 Oct 2017

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Does Tympanometry Predict Antibiotic Usage in Acute Otitis Media?
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Otitis Media

 

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

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