Ovarian cyst

Common Name(s)

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cysts are cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, that form on the surface of or inside of the ovaries. Ovaries are two walnut sized glands, one on each side of a woman’s uterus. Ovaries produce eggs as well as female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).

There are different types and causes of ovarian cysts. Follicular and luteum cysts may form during the menstrual cycle but usually do not cause symptoms and will go away without treatment. If endometriosis affects the ovary, it may cause blood filled cysts known as chocolate cysts. Multiple ovarian cysts may be found in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome though the cause is unknown. Abnormal tissue sometimes grows in the ovary and forms dermoid cysts or tumors. Other cysts may be benign or, more rarely, cancerous tumors. Some pelvic infections may cause pus filled cysts or abscesses.

Most ovarian cysts will not cause any symptoms. Some may cause abdominal and pelvic pain or aching, increased pressure on the bladder, breast tenderness, and pain when going to the bathroom, during a woman’s period or during intercourse. Certain ovarian cysts can decrease fertility. While most cysts are not cancerous, there is an increased likelihood of cancerous cysts in older women. Large cysts may cause the ovary to twist or change position. If cysts are large or rupture, seek medical attention promptly. Symptoms to watch for include sharp pains, fever, and increased breathing rate.

Ovarian cysts are one of the most common reasons women visit a gynecologist. The cysts may be felt in a pelvic exam and can be seen in an ultrasound. Treatment options depend on the cause and type of cyst but may include using oral birth control to help prevent development of cysts or surgical removal of a cyst. Most will go away on their own without treatment. If you have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst, talk to your gynecologist or midwife about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ovarian cyst" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ovarian cyst" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ovarian cyst" returned 108 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Struma ovarii: a rare case of giant ovarian cyst].
 

Author(s): Hanane Raiteb, Hicham El Fazazi, Jaouad Kouach, Driss Moussaoui, Mohamed Dehayni

Journal:

 

Struma ovarii is a rare tumor, which accounts for 2.7% of ovarian teratomas and 0.01% of ovarian tumors. It usually affects women in the fifth decades of life and is most often detected incidentally during ultrasound and then confirmed histologically. The gold standard treatment is ...

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2017

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Borderline Brenner tumors associated with ovarian cyst - case presentation.
 

Author(s): Dinu Florin Albu, Cristina CrenguŢa Albu, Alexandru Marian Gogănău, Ştefan Dimitrie Albu, LaurenŢiu Mogoantă, Antoine Edu, Damian DiŢescu, Constantin Cristian Văduva

Journal: Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2016 ;57(2 Suppl):893-898.

 

Borderline Brenner tumors represent quite a rare entity of ovarian tumors (about 2%) that develop from the surface ovarian epithelium. They are formed from papillary structures made of fibrovascular conjunctive axes covered by a transition epithelium, similar to the urinary bladder ...

Last Updated: 11 Nov 2016

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Transverse Relaxation Rate of Cyst Fluid Can Predict Malignant Transformation of Ovarian Endometriosis.
 

Author(s): Chiharu Yoshimoto, Junko Takahama, Takuya Iwabuchi, Masato Uchikoshi, Hiroshi Shigetomi, Hiroshi Kobayashi

Journal: Magn Reson Med Sci. 2017 Apr;16(2):137-145.

 

Heme and iron accumulation due to repeated hemorrhage in endometriosis may contribute to a pivotal role in carcinogenesis. We evaluate the clinical application of MR relaxometry in a series of ovarian endometriosis (OE) and endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer (EAOC).

Last Updated: 20 Sep 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ovarian cyst" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rocuronium and sugammadex in a 3 days old neonate for draining an ovarian cyst. Neuromuscular management and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Ricardo Vieira Carlos, Marcelo Luis Abramides Torres, Hans D de Boer

Journal: Braz J Anesthesiol. ;66(4):430-2.

 

A case is reported in which a 3-days old neonate with a giant ovarian cyst was scheduled for surgery. The patient received a dose of sugammadex to reverse a rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block. A fast and efficient recovery from neuromuscular block was achieved within 90s. No adverse ...

Last Updated: 26 Jun 2016

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Borderline ovarian cyst treated by laparoscopic surgery: clinical case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Elena Ţarcă, Irina-Mihaela Ciomaga, Bogdan Savu, Doina Mihăilă, Petru Plămădeală, Sandu Gabriel Aprodu

Journal: Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2015 ;56(4):1529-34.

 

Borderline ovarian serous tumors are a rare distinct category of epithelial ovarian tumors, distinguished from both benign and invasive ovarian tumors. As borderline ovarian cysts are only a small part of the gynecological conditions of children, the therapeutic approach to this special ...

Last Updated: 8 Jan 2016

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Prenatal and postnatal ultrasonographic findings of the torsioned ovarian cyst: a case report and brief literature review.
 

Author(s): Hayri Ogul, Nuri Havan, Berhan Pirimoglu, Bulent Guvendi, Abdullah Kisaoglu, Mecit Kantarci

Journal: Int Surg. 2015 Mar;100(3):514-7.

 

Cystic and solid tumors of the ovary are rare during the newborn period and infancy. We present the case of a term female infant born to a mother of 28 years of age and found to have a cystic abdominal mass through prenatal sonographic evaluation in the third trimester. The complex ...

Last Updated: 19 Mar 2015

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Anti-inflammatory Cells in Peritoneal Cavity
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Ovarian Cysts; Chronic Renal Insufficiency

 

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2017

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Differences in Ovarian Reserve Markers and Vitamin D Between Infertile Indian, Arabian and Caucasian Population
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Female Infertility Due to Diminished Ovarian Reserve; Vitamin D Deficiency; Hormone Deficiency; Follicular Cyst of Ovary

 

Last Updated: 3 Apr 2017

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A New Algorithm to Predict Ovarian Age
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infertility; Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Premature Ovarian Failure (POF); Ovarian Cysts; Endometriosis

 

Last Updated: 7 Dec 2016

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