Ovarian cyst

Common Name(s)

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cysts are cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, that form on the surface of or inside of the ovaries. Ovaries are two walnut sized glands, one on each side of a woman’s uterus. Ovaries produce eggs as well as female hormones (estrogen and progesterone).

There are different types and causes of ovarian cysts. Follicular and luteum cysts may form during the menstrual cycle but usually do not cause symptoms and will go away without treatment. If endometriosis affects the ovary, it may cause blood filled cysts known as chocolate cysts. Multiple ovarian cysts may be found in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome though the cause is unknown. Abnormal tissue sometimes grows in the ovary and forms dermoid cysts or tumors. Other cysts may be benign or, more rarely, cancerous tumors. Some pelvic infections may cause pus filled cysts or abscesses.

Most ovarian cysts will not cause any symptoms. Some may cause abdominal and pelvic pain or aching, increased pressure on the bladder, breast tenderness, and pain when going to the bathroom, during a woman’s period or during intercourse. Certain ovarian cysts can decrease fertility. While most cysts are not cancerous, there is an increased likelihood of cancerous cysts in older women. Large cysts may cause the ovary to twist or change position. If cysts are large or rupture, seek medical attention promptly. Symptoms to watch for include sharp pains, fever, and increased breathing rate.

Ovarian cysts are one of the most common reasons women visit a gynecologist. The cysts may be felt in a pelvic exam and can be seen in an ultrasound. Treatment options depend on the cause and type of cyst but may include using oral birth control to help prevent development of cysts or surgical removal of a cyst. Most will go away on their own without treatment. If you have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst, talk to your gynecologist or midwife about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ovarian cyst" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ovarian cyst" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ovarian cyst" returned 111 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic utility of CT in differentiating between ruptured ovarian corpus luteal cyst and ruptured ectopic pregnancy with hemorrhage.
 

Author(s): Xiaohong Liu, Litao Song, Jian Wang, Qin Liu, Yingna Liu, Xin Zhang

Journal:

 

To evaluate the performance of computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic aid to differentiate between ruptured ovarian corpus luteal cyst (ROCLC) and ruptured ectopic pregnancy with hemorrhage (REPWH).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Giant ovarian cyst masquerading as a massive ascites: a case report.
 

Author(s): Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Derrick Tembi Efie, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Joseph Nkeangu Fomengia

Journal:

 

Giant ovarian cysts are tumours of the ovary presenting with diameters greater than 10 cm. Giant ovarian cysts have become rare in recent days as they are diagnosed and managed early due to the availability of good imaging modalities. The aim of this case report is to show how a ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Case Report of Clitoral Hypertrophy in 2 Extremely Premature Girls With an Ovarian Cyst.
 

Author(s): Anne-Laure Nerré, Pierre Bétrémieux, Sylvie Nivot-Adamiak

Journal: Pediatrics. 2017 Oct;140(4):.

 

Neonatal clitoromegaly is mainly attributed to in utero androgen exposure secondary to congenital adrenal hyperplasia. We report on 2 extremely premature girls with clitoromegaly, increased androgen levels, no salt wasting syndrome, and ovarian cyst. In case 1, the cyst liquid was ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ovarian cyst" returned 6 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rocuronium and sugammadex in a 3 days old neonate for draining an ovarian cyst. Neuromuscular management and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Ricardo Vieira Carlos, Marcelo Luis Abramides Torres, Hans D de Boer

Journal: Braz J Anesthesiol. ;66(4):430-2.

 

A case is reported in which a 3-days old neonate with a giant ovarian cyst was scheduled for surgery. The patient received a dose of sugammadex to reverse a rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block. A fast and efficient recovery from neuromuscular block was achieved within 90s. No adverse ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Borderline ovarian cyst treated by laparoscopic surgery: clinical case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Elena Ţarcă, Irina-Mihaela Ciomaga, Bogdan Savu, Doina Mihăilă, Petru Plămădeală, Sandu Gabriel Aprodu

Journal: Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2015 ;56(4):1529-34.

 

Borderline ovarian serous tumors are a rare distinct category of epithelial ovarian tumors, distinguished from both benign and invasive ovarian tumors. As borderline ovarian cysts are only a small part of the gynecological conditions of children, the therapeutic approach to this special ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prenatal and postnatal ultrasonographic findings of the torsioned ovarian cyst: a case report and brief literature review.
 

Author(s): Hayri Ogul, Nuri Havan, Berhan Pirimoglu, Bulent Guvendi, Abdullah Kisaoglu, Mecit Kantarci

Journal: Int Surg. 2015 Mar;100(3):514-7.

 

Cystic and solid tumors of the ovary are rare during the newborn period and infancy. We present the case of a term female infant born to a mother of 28 years of age and found to have a cystic abdominal mass through prenatal sonographic evaluation in the third trimester. The complex ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Monitoring Ovarian Cysts in Pregnancy
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Ovarian Cysts

 

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2018

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The Efficacy of Progestins in Treatment of Functional Ovarian Cyst
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Functional Ovarian Cyst; Progesterone

 

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2018

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The Impact of Electrocoagulation on Ovarian Reserve After Laparoscopic Excision of Ovarian Cysts.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Ovarian Endometrioma; Ovary Cyst

 

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2018

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