Panic attack

Common Name(s)

Panic attack

A panic attack creates a sudden onset of fear and loss of control in an individual despite no apparent danger being present. Panic attacks cause very extreme symptoms, which may make a first time sufferer feel like they may be dying. Thankfully, the symptoms tend to decrease after approximately 10-20 minutes. However, there are cases where panic attacks can last longer. The likelihood of experiencing a panic attack rises with increasing levels of stress, traumatic events, and major life changes.

Symptoms of a panic attack may include shortness of breath, hyperventilation, increasing heart rate, chest pain, sweating, shaking, and a feeling of loss of control. Numbness in the arms may be felt, stomach may feel like it is churning, and thoughts may race. The affected person may feel paralyzed to the spot or need to run. The state is often compared to the flight or fight response a person feels when faced with extreme danger, only there is no danger present. The symptoms of a panic attack can be very similar to more serious conditions, like a heart attack. Therefore, it is important to contact your doctor to make sure there are no underlying conditions involved.

Common forms of treatment include using breathing exercises, dietary changes, and attending therapy sessions. There are also prescription medication options available if the panic attacks become unmanageable. Panic attacks can seem terrifying and can cause an individual to fear the return of an attack. If the attacks grow more frequent or the fear impacts day-to-day life, the individual may be experiencing a long-term (chronic) condition called panic disorder.

Although there is no cure for panic attacks, there are many treatment options available to help manage the symptoms. If you or a family member have been diagnosed with this condition, talk to your doctor or mental health professional about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Panic attack" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Panic attack" for support, advocacy or research.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

NAMI is the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the nation's largest grassroots mental health organization dedicated to building better lives for the millions of Americans affected by mental illness. NAMI, NAMI State Organizations and hundreds of local NAMI Affiliates advocate for access to services, treatment, supports and research and are committed to raising awareness and building a community of hope for all of those in need.

http://www.nami.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Panic attack" returned 16 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Panic attack history and smoking topography.
 

Author(s): Samantha G Farris, Lily A Brown, Renee D Goodwin, Michael J Zvolensky

Journal: Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 02;171():84-90.

 

Little is known about panic attacks and puffing topography, a behavioral index of the value of smoking reinforcement. This study examined smoking style during the course of smoking of a single cigarette among adult daily smokers with and without a history of panic attacks.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Low serum concentrations of vitamin B6 and iron are related to panic attack and hyperventilation attack.
 

Author(s): Yasuhito Mikawa, Satoshi Mizobuchi, Moritoki Egi, Kiyoshi Morita

Journal: Acta Med. Okayama. 2013 ;67(2):99-104.

 

Patients undergoing a panic attack (PA) or a hyperventilation attack (HVA) are sometimes admitted to emergency departments (EDs). Reduced serotonin level is known as one of the causes of PA and HVA. Serotonin is synthesized from tryptophan. For the synthesis of serotonin, vitamin ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Pretyphoon panic attack history moderates the relationship between degree of typhoon exposure and posttyphoon PTSD and depression in a Vietnamese sample.
 

Author(s): Erin C Berenz, Stephen K Trapp, Ron Acierno, Lisa Richardson, Dean G Kilpatrick, Trinh Luong Tran, Lam Tu Trung, Nguyen Thanh Tam, Tran Tuan, La Thi Buoi, Tran Thu Ha, Tran Duc Thach, Mario Gaboury, Ananda B Amstadter

Journal: Depress Anxiety. 2013 May;30(5):461-8.

 

Predisaster risk factors are related to postdisaster psychopathology even at relatively low levels of disaster exposure. A history of panic attacks (PA) may convey risk for postdisaster psychopathology and has been linked to a wide range of psychiatric disorders in Western and non-Western ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Panic attack" returned 3 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Panic attack and its correlation with acute coronary syndrome - more than just a diagnosis of exclusion.
 

Author(s): Keng Chuan Soh, Cheng Lee

Journal: Ann. Acad. Med. Singap.. 2010 Mar;39(3):197-202.

 

The panic attack is able to mimic the clinical presentation of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), to the point of being clinically indistinguishable without appropriate investigations. However, the literature actually demonstrates that the 2 conditions are more related than just being ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Does the panic attack activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis?
 

Author(s): Frederico G Graeff, Cybele Garcia-Leal, Cristina M Del-Ben, Francisco S GuimarĂ£es

Journal: An. Acad. Bras. Cienc.. 2005 Sep;77(3):477-91.

 

A bibliographic search has been performed in MEDLINE using cortisol and panic as key-words, occurring in the title and/or in the abstract. Human studies were selected, with no time limit. The following publications were excluded: review articles, case reports, panic attacks in disorders ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
[Panic attack].
 

Author(s): G Scantamburlo, M Ansseau

Journal: Rev Med Liege. 2004 May;59(5):293-6.

 

Panic attacks can occur unexpectedly and in almost any situation. The present article discusses the main features of anxiety states, the approach, the management and the practice guidelines for the treatment of panic disorder.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Multi-Site RCT of a Stepped-Care Intervention for Emergency Department Patients With Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Panic Attacks and Disorders

 

Last Updated: 6 Sep 2018

Go to URL
Measuring Physiology to Determine if Pre-panic Attack Detection is Possible
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Panic Disorder

 

Last Updated: 27 Nov 2017

Go to URL
Essential Hypotension and Allostasis Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Blood Pressure; Depression; Panic Attack; Fibromyalgia; POTS; Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia; Coronary Heart Disease; Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS); Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI); Cerebrovascular Disease (CVD); Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA); Atrial Fibrillation; Diabetes Mellitus; Cancer; Systolic Heart Failure; Diastolic Heart Failure; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Syncope; Vasovagal Syncope

 

Last Updated: 30 Mar 2018

Go to URL