Pericarditis

Common Name(s)

Pericarditis

Pericarditis means inflammation of the pericardium, which is the thin sac that covers the outside of the heart. Pericarditis is often acute, meaning that it develops suddenly and lasts only a couple months. Pericarditis is usually caused by an infection, although injury, kidney failure, certain genetic conditions, and autoimmune diseases (where the body’s defense system attacks itself) can sometimes cause pericarditis. Chest pain is the most substantial symptom of pericarditis, though pain in the back and neck, difficulty breathing, dry cough and fatigue may also occur. A physician can diagnose pericarditis by asking questions and performing a physical exam. Blood tests may be performed to detect infections that might have contributed to pericarditis. Imaging tests, such as a chest x-ray, may also be done. Mild cases of pericarditis may get better without any treatment, however usually medication to reduce swelling and inflammation, such as ibuprofen, is prescribed.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pericarditis" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Pericarditis" returned 766 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Purulent constrictive pericarditis caused by Salmonella enteritidis in a patient with adult-onset Still's disease: A case report.
 

Author(s): Chia-Cheng Kuo, Wen-Liang Yu, Chen-Hui Lee, Nan-Chun Wu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(50):e8949.

 

Purulent pericarditis is a rare and usually fatal disease. Immunodeficiency state and preexisting pericardial effusion can predispose patients to infections. However, we are not aware of similar cases in patients with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). In addition, it is seldom caused ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Comparison between the diagnostic validities of Xpert MTB/RIF and interferon-γ release assays for tuberculous pericarditis using pericardial tissue.
 

Author(s): Guocan Yu, Bo Ye, Da Chen, Fangming Zhong, Gang Chen, Jun Yang, Liliang Xu, Xudong Xu

Journal:

 

This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of Xpert MTB/RIF for tuberculous pericarditis (TBP) using pericardial tissues.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Long-Term Favorable Course of Aspergillus Endo-, Myo-, and Pericarditis.
 

Author(s): Akiko Hayashi, Sayuki Kobayashi, Itaru Hisauchi, Takaaki Komatsu, Shiro Nakahara, Yoshihiko Sakai, Kosuke Haruki, Isao Taguchi

Journal: Int Heart J. 2017 Dec;58(6):1020-1023.

 

Here, we report on a healthy 30-year-old man with no significant medical history, who tested negative for human immunodeficiency virus antigenemia but developed Aspergillus pancarditis. A case of this kind is extremely rare, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Pericarditis" returned 65 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Interventions for treating tuberculous pericarditis.
 

Author(s): Charles S Wiysonge, Mpiko Ntsekhe, Lehana Thabane, Jimmy Volmink, Dumisani Majombozi, Freedom Gumedze, Shaheen Pandie, Bongani M Mayosi

Journal:

 

Tuberculous pericarditis can impair the heart's function and cause death; long term, it can cause the membrane to fibrose and constrict causing heart failure. In addition to antituberculous chemotherapy, treatments include corticosteroids, drainage, and surgery.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Systematic review of non-invasive cardiovascular imaging in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis.
 

Author(s): Sivakumar Ardhanari, Bharath Yarlagadda, Vishal Parikh, Kevin C Dellsperger, Anand Chockalingam, Sudarshan Balla, Senthil Kumar

Journal: Indian Heart J. ;69(1):57-67.

 

Diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP) can be challenging. It can be nearly impossible to distinguish CP from other causes of right heart failure. Although various imaging modalities help in the diagnosis, no test is definitive. Several reviews have addressed the role of various ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Complicated Pericarditis: Understanding Risk Factors and Pathophysiology to Inform Imaging and Treatment.
 

Author(s): Paul C Cremer, Arnav Kumar, Apostolos Kontzias, Carmela D Tan, E Rene Rodriguez, Massimo Imazio, Allan L Klein

Journal: J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.. 2016 Nov;68(21):2311-2328.

 

Most patients with acute pericarditis have a benign course and a good prognosis. However, a minority of patients develop complicated pericarditis, and the care of these patients is the focus of this review. Specifically, we address risk factors, multimodality imaging, pathophysiology, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Treatment of Acute Pericarditis With Anakinra
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Pericarditis

 

Last Updated: 20 Dec 2017

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Management of Pericarditis in Children.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Pericarditis

 

Last Updated: 15 Aug 2017

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Prognostic Biomarkers in Patients With Acute Pericarditis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pericarditis

 

Last Updated: 25 Apr 2016

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