Pneumonia

Common Name(s)

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection of the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus causing fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms can cause pneumonia including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Pneumonia can range from mild to life threatening. It is usually most serious in infants and young children, people older than age 65, and people with weakened immune systems.

Symptoms of pneumonia may include fever, lower than normal body temperature in people older than 65, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue and muscle aches, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, and headache. Newborns and infants may not show any sign of the infection. Pneumonia is classified according to the types of germs that cause it and where the infection was acquired. The different classifications include community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired pneumonia, health care-acquired pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia.

Infants and children younger than age 2 and people older than age 65 are at a higher risk of pneumonia. Other risk factors include certain chronic diseases, such as asthma and heart disease, weakened immune system, smoking, and being placed on a ventilator. Complications of pneumonia may include bacteria in the bloodstream, lung abscess, fluid accumulation around the lungs (pleural effusion), and difficulty breathing. If your doctor thinks you have pneumonia, they may recommend chest X-rays, blood tests, pulse oximetry, sputum test, pleural fluid culture, and bronchoscopy to diagnose. Treatment involves curing the infection and preventing any complications. Treatment options depend on the type and severity of your pneumonia, but may include antibiotics, antiviral medications, fever reducers, cough medicine, and hospitalization if serious. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with pneumonia talk with your doctor and specialist about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pneumonia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pneumonia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Pneumonia" returned 5998 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Zoonotic Chlamydia caviae Presenting as Community-Acquired Pneumonia.
 

Author(s): Bart P Ramakers, Marloes Heijne, Natascha Lie, Thuy-Nga Le, Monique van Vliet, Vivian P J Claessen, Paulien J P Tolsma, Mauro De Rosa, Hendrik I J Roest, Daisy Vanrompay, Edou R Heddema, Peter Schneeberger, Mirjam H A Hermans

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2017 09;377(10):992-994.

 

Last Updated: 6 Sep 2017

Go To URL
Effect of perioperative oral care on prevention of postoperative pneumonia associated with esophageal cancer surgery: A multicenter case-control study with propensity score matching analysis.
 

Author(s): Sakiko Soutome, Souichi Yanamoto, Madoka Funahara, Takumi Hasegawa, Takahide Komori, Shin-Ichi Yamada, Hiroshi Kurita, Chika Yamauchi, Yasuyuki Shibuya, Yuka Kojima, Hirokazu Nakahara, Takahiko Oho, Masahiro Umeda

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(33):e7436.

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of oral care in prevention of postoperative pneumonia associated with esophageal cancer surgery.Postoperative pneumonia is a severe adverse event associated with esophageal cancer surgery. It is thought to be caused by aspiration ...

Last Updated: 17 Aug 2017

Go To URL
Left-Middle-Lobe Pneumonia.
 

Author(s): Ling Yuan Kong, Yves Longtin

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2017 Aug;377(6):e8.

 

Last Updated: 9 Aug 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Pneumonia" returned 579 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccines in preventing pneumonia in adults, a systematic review and meta-analyses of observational studies.
 

Author(s): Myint Tin Tin Htar, Anke L Stuurman, Germano Ferreira, Cristiano Alicino, Kaatje Bollaerts, Chiara Paganino, Ralf René Reinert, Heinz-Josef Schmitt, Cecilia Trucchi, Thomas Vestraeten, Filippo Ansaldi

Journal:

 

S. pneumoniae can cause a wide spectrum of diseases, including invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumonia. Two types of pneumococcal vaccines are indicated for use in adults: 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines (PPV23) and a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13).

Last Updated: 25 May 2017

Go To URL
Pre-existing chronic interstitial pneumonia is a poor prognostic factor of Goodpasture's syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Hiroki Tashiro, Koichiro Takahashi, Yuki Ikeda, Saori Uchiumi, Makoto Fukuda, Miyazono Motoaki, Shinya Kimura, Naoko Sueoka-Aragane

Journal:

 

Goodpasture's syndrome is a rare disease that is characterized by rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage.

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2017

Go To URL
Severe pneumonia due to Nocardia otitidiscaviarum identified by mass spectroscopy in a cotton farmer: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Chen Liu, Mei Feng, Jing Zhu, Ye Tao, Mei Kang, Lei Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(13):e6526.

 

Nocardia species are aerobic saprophytic bacilli. Among Nocardia species, Nocardia otitidiscaviarum (N otitidiscaviarum) is rarely reported in pulmonary infection.

Last Updated: 29 Mar 2017

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

This information is provided by Genetics Home Reference.

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2017

Go to URL
Physiotherapy in Patients Hospitalized Due to Pneumonia.
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2016

Go to URL
Validation of Thermal Imaging to Detect Pneumonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 22 Aug 2017

Go to URL