Pneumonia

Common Name(s)

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection of the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus causing fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms can cause pneumonia including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Pneumonia can range from mild to life threatening. It is usually most serious in infants and young children, people older than age 65, and people with weakened immune systems.

Symptoms of pneumonia may include fever, lower than normal body temperature in people older than 65, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue and muscle aches, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, and headache. Newborns and infants may not show any sign of the infection. Pneumonia is classified according to the types of germs that cause it and where the infection was acquired. The different classifications include community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired pneumonia, health care-acquired pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia.

Infants and children younger than age 2 and people older than age 65 are at a higher risk of pneumonia. Other risk factors include certain chronic diseases, such as asthma and heart disease, weakened immune system, smoking, and being placed on a ventilator. Complications of pneumonia may include bacteria in the bloodstream, lung abscess, fluid accumulation around the lungs (pleural effusion), and difficulty breathing. If your doctor thinks you have pneumonia, they may recommend chest X-rays, blood tests, pulse oximetry, sputum test, pleural fluid culture, and bronchoscopy to diagnose. Treatment involves curing the infection and preventing any complications. Treatment options depend on the type and severity of your pneumonia, but may include antibiotics, antiviral medications, fever reducers, cough medicine, and hospitalization if serious. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with pneumonia talk with your doctor and specialist about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pneumonia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Pneumonia" returned 6188 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prognostic performance of MR-pro-adrenomedullin in patients with community acquired pneumonia in the Emergency Department compared to clinical severity scores PSI and CURB.
 

Author(s): Jacopo Maria Legramante, Maria Mastropasqua, Beniamino Susi, Ottavia Porzio, Marta Mazza, Grazia Miranda Agrippino, Cartesio D Agostini, Antonella Brandi, Germano Giovagnoli, Vito Nicola Di Lecce, Sergio Bernardini, Marilena Minieri

Journal:

 

(i) evaluate the performance of MR-pro-ADM in reflecting the outcome and risk for CAP patients in the emergency department, and (ii) compare the prognostic performance of MR-pro-ADM with that of clinical scores PSI and CURB65.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Usual interstitial pneumonia: typical, possible, and "inconsistent" patterns.
 

Author(s): Pedro Paulo Teixeira E Silva Torres, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi, Maria Auxiliadora Carmo Moreira, Gustavo de Souza Portes Meirelles, Edson Marchiori

Journal: J Bras Pneumol. ;43(5):393-398.

 

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe and progressive chronic fibrosing interstitial lung disease, a definitive diagnosis being established by specific combinations of clinical, radiological, and pathological findings. According to current international guidelines, HRCT plays ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Pneumonia" returned 604 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Primary pulmonary extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type misdiagnosed as pneumonia: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Juan Zhang, MaoJuan Wang, XiaoDong Yang, Chang Liu, Xin He

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(49):e8914.

 

Primary pulmonary NK/T cell lymphoma is extremely rare, and only a few cases have reported so far. Its diagnosis is mainly dependent on open-lung biopsy.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Acute Fibrinous and Organizing Pneumonia: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
 

Author(s): Daniel Arnaud, Zoya Surani, Abhay Vakil, Joseph Varon, Salim Surani

Journal:

 

BACKGROUND Acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a rare condition of the lung that is associated with acute lung injury, and has a poor prognosis. AFOP is characterized histologically by intra-alveolar fibrin. AFOP has been described to be associated with lung infections, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Biological substantiation of antipsychotic-associated pneumonia: Systematic literature review and computational analyses.
 

Author(s): Janet Sultana, Marco Calabró, Ricard Garcia-Serna, Carmen Ferrajolo, Concetta Crisafulli, Jordi Mestres, Gianluca Trifirò'

Journal:

 

Antipsychotic (AP) safety has been widely investigated. However, mechanisms underlying AP-associated pneumonia are not well-defined.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Physiotherapy on Pneumonia in Childrens
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 15 Nov 2017

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A Study of Streptococcus Pneumonia Colonisation and Invasive Disease in Cambodian Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Streptococcal Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2017

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Validation of Thermal Imaging to Detect Pneumonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 22 Aug 2017

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