Pneumonia

Common Name(s)

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection of the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus causing fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms can cause pneumonia including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Pneumonia can range from mild to life threatening. It is usually most serious in infants and young children, people older than age 65, and people with weakened immune systems.

Symptoms of pneumonia may include fever, lower than normal body temperature in people older than 65, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue and muscle aches, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, and headache. Newborns and infants may not show any sign of the infection. Pneumonia is classified according to the types of germs that cause it and where the infection was acquired. The different classifications include community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired pneumonia, health care-acquired pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia.

Infants and children younger than age 2 and people older than age 65 are at a higher risk of pneumonia. Other risk factors include certain chronic diseases, such as asthma and heart disease, weakened immune system, smoking, and being placed on a ventilator. Complications of pneumonia may include bacteria in the bloodstream, lung abscess, fluid accumulation around the lungs (pleural effusion), and difficulty breathing. If your doctor thinks you have pneumonia, they may recommend chest X-rays, blood tests, pulse oximetry, sputum test, pleural fluid culture, and bronchoscopy to diagnose. Treatment involves curing the infection and preventing any complications. Treatment options depend on the type and severity of your pneumonia, but may include antibiotics, antiviral medications, fever reducers, cough medicine, and hospitalization if serious. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with pneumonia talk with your doctor and specialist about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pneumonia" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Pneumonia" returned 6574 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Influence of subglottic secretion drainage on the microorganisms of ventilator associated pneumonia: A meta-analysis for subglottic secretion drainage.
 

Author(s): Xu An Huang, Yan Ping Du, Bin Bin Fu, Liu Xia Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(28):e11223.

 

The influence of the subglottic secretion drainage (SSD) on the microorganisms of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is still unclear.A meta-analysis focusing on the influence of the SSD on the microorganisms of VAP.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Acute scoliosis as an unusual presentation of pneumonia: A case report.
 

Author(s): Rajan Atwal, Charles Stewart

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(24):e10580.

 

We describe the unique case of a child with pneumonia presenting with acute scoliosis and abdominal pain, without any typical features of the disease.A 10-year-old girl presented to the emergency department on 3 consecutive days with right-sided abdominal pain. There were no associated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Comparison of text messaging data collection vs face-to-face interviews for public health surveys: a cluster randomized crossover study of care-seeking for childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea in rural China.
 

Author(s): Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Wei Wang, Qiong Wu, Ye Li, Robert W Scherpbier, Xiaozhen Du, Li Chen, Yanfeng Zhang, Josip Car, Igor Rudan

Journal: J Glob Health. 2018 Jun;8(1):010802.

 

To compare text messaging and face-to-face interviews to conduct a survey on childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Pneumonia" returned 658 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with concomitant acute cerebral infarction in a child: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xingnan Jin, Yingxue Zou, Jia Zhai, Jie Liu, Bing Huang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(13):e0103.

 

Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia in children, is rarely complicated with acute cerebral infarction.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A rare case of cavitary lung cancer complicated with mycotic pneumonia and bullous emphysema: A case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Cun-Tao Lu, Rui-Mei Zhang, Heng Wang, Feng-Wei Kong, Wen-Bin Wu, Long-Bo Gong, Miao Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(47):e8927.

 

The accurate diagnosis and staging of cavitary lung cancer is challenging but essential for the choice of therapy; therefore, the differential diagnosis of cystic pulmonary lesions needs to be elucidated.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Drug-induced eosinophilic pneumonia: A review of 196 case reports.
 

Author(s): Carmi Bartal, Iftach Sagy, Leonid Barski

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(4):e9688.

 

Eosinophilic pneumonia (EP) is an important subset of patients who present with pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia (PIE). EP is classified by chronicity and etiology and drug-induced EP is the main cause of secondary EP. The primary goal of this review was to examine all the case ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Physiotherapy on Pneumonia in Childrens
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 15 Nov 2017

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Vancomycin De-escalation Therapy in Patients With Pneumonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 3 Jul 2018

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A Study of Streptococcus Pneumonia Colonisation and Invasive Disease in Cambodian Children
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Streptococcal Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 3 Nov 2017

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