Progressive familial heart block type 1A

Common Name(s)

Progressive familial heart block type 1A

Progressive familial heart block type I (PFHBI, PFHB1) is an autosomal dominant cardiac bundle branch disorder that may progress to complete heart block ({4:Brink and Torrington, 1977}; {29:van der Merwe et al., 1986}; {28:van der Merwe et al., 1988}). It is defined on electrocardiogram by evidence of bundle branch disease, i.e., right bundle branch block, left anterior or posterior hemiblock, or complete heart block, with broad QRS complexes. Progression has been shown from a normal electrocardiogram to right bundle branch block and from the latter to complete heart block. These electrocardiographic features differentiate PFHB type I from progressive familial heart block type II (PFHBII, PFHB2; {140400}), in which the onset of complete heart block is associated with narrow complexes. Electrocardiographically the changes represent, respectively, bundle branch disease (PFHB1) and atrioventricular nodal disease with an atrioventricular block and an idionodal escape rhythm (PFHB2). PFHBI is manifested symptomatically when complete heart block supervenes, either with dyspnea, syncopal episodes, or sudden death. Treatment, which is best managed by regular electrocardiographic follow-up, is by the timely implantation of a pacemaker ({5:Brink et al., 1995}). Genetic Heterogeneity of Progressive Familial Heart Block Type I Progressive familial heart block type IB (PFHB1B; {604559}) is caused by mutation in the TRPM4 gene ({606936}) on chromosome 19q13.32.
 

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