Rickettsial disease

Common Name(s)

Rickettsial disease

Rickettsial diseases are a group of infectious diseases caused by a number of different related rickettsia bacteria. Some of the most common infections caused by rickettsial bacteria include typhus, rickettsialpox, Boutonneuse fever, African tick bite fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Flinders Island spotted fever and Queensland tick typhus (Australian tick typhus). Rickettsial diseases are contagious and are usually transmitted by fleas, lice, mites and ticks. Infection may also be caused by breathing in dust containing the bacteria. All the diseases caused by the different rickettsia bacteria have similar symptoms. Therefore, it is sometimes hard to specifically diagnose which type of disease an individuall may have. Diagnosis is made by special laboratory blood tests to determine which type of rickettsial bacteria is present. Common symptoms may include fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. It should be noted that symptoms often do not appear until 5-14 days after the initial infection (such as tick or flea bite). Most Ricketsial diseases cause moderate illness. However, if left untreated Rocky Mountain spotted fever and typhus can be potentially fatal. Indivduals with rickettsial infections should be treated in the early stages. Antiobiotics such as doxycycline are usually very effective. Talk with your doctor if you or your child has been diagnosed with a rickettsial infection to decide on the best treatment plan.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rickettsial disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rickettsial disease" returned 12 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rickettsial Disease in the Peruvian Amazon Basin.
 

Author(s): Claudine Kocher, Amy C Morrison, Mariana Leguia, Steev Loyola, Roger M Castillo, Hugo A Galvez, Helvio Astete, Carmen Flores-Mendoza, Julia S Ampuero, Daniel G Bausch, Eric S Halsey, Manuel Cespedes, Karine Zevallos, Ju Jiang, Allen L Richards

Journal:

 

Using a large, passive, clinic-based surveillance program in Iquitos, Peru, we characterized the prevalence of rickettsial infections among undifferentiated febrile cases and obtained evidence of pathogen transmission in potential domestic reservoir contacts and their ectoparasites. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Delayed fatal diagnosis in atypical rickettsial infectious disease.
 

Author(s): Federico Marturano, Fulvio Nisi, Vito Aldo Peduto, Antonio Galzerano

Journal: Infez Med. 2015 Dec;23(4):363-6.

 

We report the case of an 84-year-old man admitted to ICU with symptoms/signs occurring after upper respiratory airways disease. The upper respiratory condition consisting in an uvula oedema required an empiric anti-inflammatory and antibiotic therapy which masked the clinical features ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Global trade tradeoff: Rickettsial disease in Taiwan.
 

Author(s): Sharon Levy

Journal: Environ. Health Perspect.. 2012 Dec;120(12):A456.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rickettsial disease" returned 2 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Late diagnosis of fatal invasive rickettsial disease in the Intensive Care Unit].
 

Author(s): Hassen Ben Ghezala, Najla Feriani

Journal:

 

Mediterranean spotted fever is an infectious disease belonging to the rickettsial group due to an intracellular bacterium: Rickettsia Conorii. Pauci-symptomatic and benign forms are predominant. Severe forms are rare and increasingly reported in the recent literature with potentially ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Transfiguration of rickettsial diseases: tsutsugamushi disease and spotted fever group rickettsiosis in Japan.
 

Author(s): Y Tange, Y Kobayashi

Journal: Intern. Med.. 1993 Dec;32(12):937-9.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Scrub Typhus Infection Induced Cardiovascular Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scrub Typhus; Cardiovascular Complication

 

Last Updated: 6 Sep 2017

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Scrub Typhus RDT Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: The Prevalence of Scrub Typhus

 

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2018

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Scrub Typhus Antibiotic Resistance Trial
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scrub Typhus

 

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2017

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