Rubella

Common Name(s)

Rubella

Rubella is a contagious infection that occurs most often in children and young adults. Symptoms of the disease include rash, low fever, nausea, swollen lymph glands behind the ears and in the neck, and mild pink eye. In adults, symptoms may also include arthritis and painful joints. While rubella is generally mild in children, it can have serious consequences in pregnant women. Pregnant women who are infected early in pregnancy have a 90% chance of passing the virus onto the fetus, which can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, fetal death, or severe birth defects known as congenital rubella syndrome. Rubella is preventable by vaccination.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Rubella" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Rubella" returned 1286 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comparison of rubella immunization rates in immigrant and Italian women of childbearing age: Results from the Italian behavioral surveillance system PASSI (2011-2015).
 

Author(s): Massimo Fabiani, Gianluigi Ferrante, Valentina Minardi, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Maria Masocco

Journal:

 

International migration rapidly increased in the last decade, raising a renewed attention to its impact on public health. We evaluated differences in rubella immunization rate (RIR) between immigrant and Italian women of childbearing age and tried to identify the driving factors causing them.

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2017

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Non-specific effects of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination in high income setting: population based cohort study in the Netherlands.
 

Author(s): Susanne M A J Tielemans, Hester E de Melker, Susan J M Hahné, Anna G C Boef, Fiona R M van der Klis, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Marianne A B van der Sande, Mirjam J Knol

Journal:

 

Objectives To investigate whether measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine has positive non-specific effects in a high income setting and to compare rates of hospital admissions for infections between children aged ≤2 years who received live MMR vaccine and those who received ...

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2017

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Impact of the two-dose rubella vaccination regimen on incidence of rubella seronegativity in gravidae aged 25 years and younger.
 

Author(s): Shuk Yi Annie Hui, Daljit S Sahota, Terence T Lao

Journal:

 

This study compared the incidence of rubella seronegativity among gravidae of 25 year-old and younger, between those born in Hong Kong after 1983 when the two-dose rubella vaccination was implemented, versus gravidae born before, to examine the impact of the two-dose regimen.

Last Updated: 30 Aug 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Rubella" returned 50 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The end of measles and congenital rubella: an achievable dream?
 

Author(s): G Adamo, G Sturabotti, E D'Andrea, V Baccolini, F Romano, S Iannazzo, C Marzuillo, P Villari

Journal: Ann Ig. ;29(1):1-26.

 

Despite substantial progress towards measles and rubella control, outbreaks continue to threaten elimination goals worldwide.

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2017

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Determinants of European parents' decision on the vaccination of their children against measles, mumps and rubella: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Garden Tabacchi, Claudio Costantino, Giuseppe Napoli, Valentina Marchese, Manuela Cracchiolo, Alessandra Casuccio, Francesco Vitale,

Journal: Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016 07;12(7):1909-23.

 

Low measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) immunization levels in European children highlight the importance of identifying determinants of parental vaccine uptake to implement policies for increasing vaccine compliance. The aim of this paper is to identify the main factors associated with ...

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2016

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Using Seroprevalence and Immunisation Coverage Data to Estimate the Global Burden of Congenital Rubella Syndrome, 1996-2010: A Systematic Review.
 

Author(s): Emilia Vynnycky, Elisabeth J Adams, Felicity T Cutts, Susan E Reef, Ann Marie Navar, Emily Simons, Lay-Myint Yoshida, David W J Brown, Charlotte Jackson, Peter M Strebel, Alya J Dabbagh

Journal:

 

The burden of Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) is typically underestimated in routine surveillance. Updated estimates are needed following the recent WHO position paper on rubella and recent GAVI initiatives, funding rubella vaccination in eligible countries. Previous estimates considered ...

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 9 May 2017

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Measles-Rubella Vaccine Immunogenicity at 6 and 9 Months of Age
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Measles; Rubella; Rubella Syndrome, Congenital

 

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2017

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Intralesional Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) Vaccine Versus Cryotherapy in Treatment of Multiple Common and Planter Warts
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Common Wart; Plantar Wart

 

Last Updated: 10 Jun 2017

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