Scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that usually occurs during a growth spurt before puberty. Scoliosis can range from mild to severe and can cause back pain and difficulty breathing. Indicators of scoliosis are uneven shoulders, waist, and hips. The cause of scoliosis is largly unknown, however it may be hereditary. Scoliosis is less commonly a result of cerebral palsy, birth defects affecting the development of the spine, and injuries or infections of the spine.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Canadian Marfan Association

Increasing awareness, saving lives, and improving the quality of life for patients, their families, and medical professionals affected by Marfan syndrome, genetic aortic disorders, and related connective tissue disorders through national programs of education, support, and research.

http://www.marfan.ca

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013

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Chiari & Syringomyelia Foundation

Our mission is to advance knowledge through research and to educate the medical, allied sciences, and lay community about Chiari malformation, syringomyelia and related CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) disorders.

http://www.CSFinfo.org

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2013

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation (NSF) is a patient-led nonprofit organization dedicated since 1976 to helping children, parents, adults, and health-care providers to understand the complexities of spinal deformities such as scoliosis.

http://www.scoliosis.org/

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2009

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 1042 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

In-hospital mortality and morbidity of pediatric scoliosis surgery in Japan: Analysis using a national inpatient database.
 

Author(s): Yuki Taniguchi, Takeshi Oichi, Junichi Ohya, Hirotaka Chikuda, Yasushi Oshima, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Sakae Tanaka, Hideo Yasunaga

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(14):e0277.

 

Several previous reports have elucidated the mortality and incidence of complications after pediatric scoliosis surgery using nationwide databases. However, all of these studies were conducted in North America. Hence, this study aimed to identify the incidence and risk factors for ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Does pedicle screw density matter in Lenke type 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?
 

Author(s): Kerim Sariyilmaz, Okan Ozkunt, Gokhan Karademir, Halil Can Gemalmaz, Fatih Dikici, Unsal Domanic

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9581.

 

The aim of this study is to compare the effects of high versus low implant density on correction in Lenke type 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A retrospective study of 59 Lenke type 5 AIS patients treated at a single institution were divided into to 2 groups according ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Analysis of correlation between regional implant density and the correction rate in treatment of Lenke 1A and 1B adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with pedicle screws.
 

Author(s): Yanming Li, Changwei Yang, Xiaodong Zhu, Ming Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9488.

 

A retrospective study.The optimal implant density in patients with Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is undefined, and there is no study reporting the correlation between the partitional implant density and the correction outcome.To determine whether the implant density ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Scoliosis" returned 104 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical and radiographic outcomes of upper thoracic versus lower thoracic upper instrumented vertebrae for adult scoliosis: a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): X Kang, L Dong, T Yang, Z Wang, G Huang, X Chen

Journal: Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.. 2018 ;51(4):e6651.

 

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of upper thoracic (UT) versus lower thoracic (LT) upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) for adult scoliosis by meta-analysis. We conducted a literature search in three databases to retrieve related studies up ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Association of vitamin D receptor BsmI rs1544410 and ApaI rs7975232 polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Xin Yin, Huadong Wang, Jidong Guo, Liang Zhang, Yupeng Zhang, Li Li, Shuxun Hou

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9627.

 

AIS is the most common spinal deformity disease, yet its etiology remains uncertain. Significant associations have been found between AIS risk and vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms; however, some of these results are controversial. The aim of this study was to determine ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Current insights into the aetiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Michal Latalski, A Danielewicz-Bromberek, M Fatyga, M Latalska, M Kröber, P Zwolak

Journal: Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017 Oct;137(10):1327-1333.

 

Scoliosis occurs in about 0.2-0.6% of the general population. In the majority of cases the cause of this entity remains mostly unidentified. The search for the causes covers almost all aspects of its possible origin. We collected and systematised the contemporary theories and concepts ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises As Treatment for Adult Degenerative Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Degenerative Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 22 Jan 2018

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Robotic vs. Freehand Corrective Surgery for Pediatric Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 21 Mar 2018

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Predictive Progressive Factors of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2017

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