Pharyngitis

Common Name(s)

Pharyngitis, Sore throat

Pharyngitis is a common inflammation of the throat. It is usually caused by a cold or the flu. Both a cold and the flu are types of viral infections. Bacterial infections, such as strep throat, may also cause pharyngitis. Mononucleosis and certain childhood diseases such as croup, mumps, whooping cough, measles, and chicken pox have also been known to cause pharyngitis.

The most common symptom of pharyngitis is a sore throat. The two terms may even be used interchangeably. A sore throat may include a dry, itchy, or painful sensation in the throat. Both the tonsils and glands around the throat may swell. Individuals with pharyngitis may also have a hoarse voice. Pharyngitis may be accompanied by fever, chills, a cough, a runny nose, aching pains, nausea or vomiting.

Pharyngitis is most common during cold weather. Healthcare workers and children enrolled in day care or school often develop pharyngitis. People with allergies, frequent sinus infections, or those who have been exposed to second-hand smoke may also have higher chances of developing pharyngitis.

To diagnose pharyngitis, your doctor will examine your throat. If they suspect that your sore throat is caused by a bacterial infection, they will swab your throat and run tests to see if any bacteria is present. If pharyngitis is caused by a viral infection, it can be treated at home. Taking over the counter medication, drinking plenty of water, gargling saltwater, and getting plenty of rest will help treat the viral infection. A doctor may prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection if the pharyngitis is caused by bacteria. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with pharyngitis, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pharyngitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Pharyngitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Pharyngitis" returned 253 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Subdural empyema caused by Peptostreptococcus sp.: a complication of acute pharyngitis.
 

Author(s): Jesús Rojas-Jaimes, Alberto Diaz-Tello, Cristian Carpio Bazán, Meredith Kerrigan

Journal:

 

Subdural Empyema (ESD) is the collection of purulent fluid that develops between the exterior "dura mater" layer and the middle "arachnoid mater" layer that covers the brain. ESD can be caused by a primary infection located in the paranasal sinuses. In many aerobic and/or anaerobic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Probiotic capsules and xylitol chewing gum to manage symptoms of pharyngitis: a randomized controlled factorial trial.
 

Author(s): Paul Little, Beth Stuart, Zoe Wingrove, Mark Mullee, Tammy Thomas, Sophie Johnson, Gerry Leydon, Samantha Richards-Hall, Ian Williamson, Lily Yao, Shihua Zhu, Michael Moore

Journal: CMAJ. 2017 Dec;189(50):E1543-E1550.

 

Reducing the use of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections is needed to limit the global threat of antibiotic resistance. We estimated the effectiveness of probiotics and xylitol for the management of pharyngitis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Epidemiology of pharyngitis as reported by Zambian school children and their families: implications for demand-side interventions to prevent rheumatic heart disease.
 

Author(s): John Musuku, Joyce C Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Catherine Jones, Laurence Colin, Sherri Schwaninger, Patrick Musonda, Brigitta Tadmor, Jonathan M Spector, Mark E Engel, Liesl J Zühlke

Journal:

 

Prompt and appropriate treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis decreases the risk of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Understanding public perceptions and behaviors related to sore throat is fundamental to inform health programs aimed at eliminating new cases ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Pharyngitis" returned 28 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Group A Streptococcus pharyngitis and pharyngeal carriage: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jane Oliver, Erandi Malliya Wadu, Nevil Pierse, Nicole J Moreland, Deborah A Williamson, Michael G Baker

Journal:

 

Antibiotic treatment of Group A Streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis is important in acute rheumatic fever (ARF) prevention, however clinical guidelines for prescription vary. GAS carriers with acute viral infections may receive antibiotics unnecessarily. This review assessed the prevalence ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
A programme to increase appropriate usage of benzathine penicillin for management of streptococcal pharyngitis and rheumatic heart disease in Zambia.
 

Author(s): Aidan Long, Joyce Chipili Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Sherri Schwaninger, Jonathan Spector, Brigitta Tadmor, Mark Fishman, Bongani M Mayosi, John Musuku

Journal: Cardiovasc J Afr. ;28(4):242-247.

 

Rheumatic heart disease is highly prevalent and associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in many resource-poor areas of the world, including sub-Saharan Africa. Primary and secondary prophylaxis with penicillin has been shown to significantly improve outcomes and is recognised ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Review of autoinflammatory diseases, with a special focus on periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis syndrome.
 

Author(s): Per Wekell, Anna Karlsson, Stefan Berg, Anders Fasth

Journal: Acta Paediatr.. 2016 Oct;105(10):1140-51.

 

There have been remarkable developments in the field of autoinflammatory diseases over the last 20 years. Research has led to definitions of new conditions, increased understanding of disease mechanisms and specific treatment. The polygenic autoinflammatory condition of periodic fever, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Loco-regional Complications of Pharyngitis in Children: a National Case-Control Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Pharyngitis

 

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2018

Go to URL
Group A Pharyngitis in Children: The GASPARD Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis

 

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2017

Go to URL
L. Reuteri ATCC PTA 5289 & L. Reuteri DSM 17938 for the Treatment of Children With Pharyngitis and/or Tonsillitis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Pharyngitis; Tonsillitis

 

Last Updated: 14 Dec 2017

Go to URL