Spotted fever

Common Name(s)

Spotted fever

Spotted fever is an infectious disease caused by certain types of Rickettsial bacteria. The bacteria are transmitted though tick bites. There are four types of spotted fever: Mediterranean spotted fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Queensland tick typhus, and Helvetica spotted fever. Spotted fevers are difficult to diagnose at first. Common initial symptoms include fever, muscle pains, headache, nausea and vomiting. Later symptoms includes a spotted rash, joint pain, pains in the abdomen or stomach area and forgetfullness. Diagnosis is made usually by the combination of fever, skin rash and known tick bite. Blood tests may also be performed. Most types of spotted fever are mild to moderate illnesses. However if left untreated they can become potentially serious and even fatal, especially in older people and in people whose immune system (the body's defense system against disease and infection) is weak. The most serious type of the spotted fever is the Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and many people affected with Rocky Mountain spotted fever require hospitalization. Antibiotics are used to treat spotted fevers, and if the infection becomes more serious, other symptoms are treated as needed. If you or a family member has been bitten by a tick and develops a fever and skin rash, it is important to go to your doctor.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Spotted fever" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 296 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Fatal case of spotted fever in a patient from Northeastern Brazil.
 

Author(s): Stefan Vilges de Oliveira, Raylene Medeiros Ferreira Costa, Geane Ferreira, Simone Valéria Costa Pereira, Marinete Amorim, Maria Fernanda Melo Monteiro, Leucio Câmara Alves, Gilberto Salles Gazeta

Journal: Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo. 2018 ;60():e21.

 

Spotted fevers are diseases caused by bacterial agents belonging to the spotted-fever (SF) group of the genus Rickettsia. The first documented case of SF in Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil, was reported here. Also, it is the first case described of fatal SF in Northeast region ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Rocky Mountain spotted fever: brain imaging findings.
 

Author(s): Bruna Melo Coelho Loureiro, Fabiano Reis, Grazielly de Fátima Pereira, Cristina Alba Lalli

Journal: Braz J Infect Dis. ;22(2):153-154.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Atypical Presentation Of Rickettsial Spotted Fever.
 

Author(s): Uday Prabhakar, Anup Singh

Journal: J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. ;29(4):692-693.

 

Acute febrile illness is a common entity in tropics and often is challenging due a host of pathogenic bacteria, viruses and fungi. Extensive work up is required for better management. Rickettsiosis is uncommon and hence comes lower down in the differentials of multiorgan failure being ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Spotted fever" returned 17 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

and Queensland Tick Typhus: A Rickettsial Spotted Fever Group Infection in Australia.
 

Author(s): Adam Stewart, Mark Armstrong, Stephen Graves, Krispin Hajkowicz

Journal: Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.. 2017 Jul;97(1):24-29.

 

, the etiologic agent of Queensland tick typhus (QTT), is increasingly being recognized as a cause of community-acquired acute febrile illness in eastern Australia. Changing human population demographics, climate change, and increased understanding of expanding vector distribution ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Israeli Spotted Fever in Sicily. Description of two cases and minireview.
 

Author(s): Claudia Colomba, Marcello Trizzino, Anna Giammanco, Celestino Bonura, Danilo Di Bona, Manlio Tolomeo, Antonio Cascio

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2017 Aug;61():7-12.

 

Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is endemic in Italy, where Rickettsia conorii subsp. conorii was thought to be the only pathogenic rickettsia and Rhipicephalus sanguineus the vector and main reservoir. R. conorii subsp. israelensis, which belongs to the R. conorii complex, is the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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State of the art of diagnosis of rickettsial diseases: the use of blood specimens for diagnosis of scrub typhus, spotted fever group rickettsiosis, and murine typhus.
 

Author(s): Daniel H Paris, J Stephen Dumler

Journal: Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis.. 2016 Oct;29(5):433-9.

 

With improved malaria control, acute undifferentiated febrile illness studies in tropical regions reveal a startling proportion of rickettsial illnesses, especially scrub typhus, murine typhus, and spotted fever group rickettsioses. Laboratory diagnosis of these infections evolved ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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