Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Common Name(s)

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Staphylococcus aureus strains resistant to multiple antibiotics

MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is an infection caused by a particular strain of Staphylococcus bacteria that is resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Staphylococcus is a group of bacteria that can cause a range of diseases. Staphylococcus (often called staph, pronounced “staff”) is normally found in the nose and on the skin of 25-30% of the healthy population and generally causes no problems. Most staph infections, including MRSA start as small red bumps on the skin that resemble a pimple, boil or spider bite. Sometimes MRSA remains on the skin and causes painful sores requiring surgical drainage. Other times MRSA bacteria can burrow much deeper causing life-threatening infections of the bones, joints, bloodstream, lungs, or heart. At-risk people include those in medical facilities, especially those having surgeries, artificial joints, catheters or other invasive procedures where there may be openings or wounds in the body for the MRSA to enter. These cases are called health care -associated MRSA (HA-MRSA). In addition, MRSA can be spread in the community (community-associated MRSA or CA-MRSA) by skin-to-skin contact. At-risk individuals may include wrestlers who have close skin-to-skin contact, childcare workers or those living in crowded conditions. Homosexual men also have a higher risk for MRSA.

MRSA is diagnosed by taking a tissue sample of the affected area or nasal secretion samples to detect the presence of the MRSA bacteria. Because MRSA is resistant to many of the commonly used antibiotics, it is more difficult to treat. However, both HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA, still respond to certain antibiotics. Alternative treatment may include surgical drainage of the area of concern on the skin. If you think you may have MRSA or been exposed to it, please see a specialist to determine your risk. If you have MRSA, you may find it helpful to reach out to a support group in addition to talking with your doctor and specialists

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" returned 2505 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Disseminated Clonal Complex 5 (CC5) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus SCCmec type II in a tertiary hospital of Southern Brazil.
 

Author(s): Felipe Crepaldi Duarte, Eliandro Reis Tavares, Tiago Danelli, Maria Alice Galvão Ribeiro, Lucy Megumi Yamauchi, Sueli Fumie Yamada-Ogatta, Marcia Regina Eches Perugini

Journal:

 

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the leading causes of human infections worldwide, with major dominant lineage circulating in particular geographical regions. The Brazilian Epidemic Clone (BEC, SCCmec III, ST 239) has been predominant in most Brazilian ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Coexistence of virulence genes in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates.
 

Author(s): Adriana Medianeira Rossato, Keli Cristine Reiter, Pedro Alves d'Azevedo

Journal: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.. ;51(3):361-363.

 

The pathogenic versatility of Staphylococcus aureus is attributed to various virulence genes, including enterotoxins and hemolysins.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - Six Sites, 2005-2016.
 

Author(s): Kelly A Jackson, Michele K Bohm, John T Brooks, Alice Asher, Joelle Nadle, Wendy M Bamberg, Sue Petit, Susan M Ray, Lee H Harrison, Ruth Lynfield, Ghinwa Dumyati, William Schaffner, John M Townes, Isaac See

Journal:

 

In the United States, age-adjusted opioid overdose death rates increased by >200% during 1999-2015, and heroin overdose death rates increased nearly 300% during 2011-2015 (1). During 2011-2013, the rate of heroin use within the past year among U.S. residents aged ≥12 years increased ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" returned 127 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nasal carriage rate of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus among Iranian healthcare workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Mohammad Emaneini, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Hosseinali Rahdar, Willem B van Leeuwen, Reza Beigverdi

Journal: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.. ;50(5):590-597.

 

Globally, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains a major cause of healthcare-associated infections. Healthcare workers (HCWs), patients and the environment may act as reservoirs for the spread of MRSA to patients and other HCWs. Screening and eradication of MRSA ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Successful rescue combination of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation and prone positioning for the management of severe methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia complicated by pneumothorax: a case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Hangyong He, Hao Wang, Xuyan Li, Xiao Tang, Rui Wang, Bing Sun, Zhaohui Tong

Journal:

 

To describe the experience of combination therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO), high-frequency oscillatory ventilation(HFOV) and prone positioning in treating severe respiratory failure caused by community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus(CA-MRSA).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Community-associated methicillin-resistant infection: Literature review and clinical update.
 

Author(s): Kassandra Loewen, Yoko Schreiber, Mike Kirlew, Natalie Bocking, Len Kelly

Journal: Can Fam Physician. 2017 Jul;63(7):512-520.

 

To provide information on the prevalence and treatment of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) infections and the distinction between community-associated MRSA and health care-associated MRSA.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Vancomycin Dosage Adjustment for MRSA Infections
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

 

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2018

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Aerosolized Vancomycin in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Pneumonia Under Mechanical Ventilation
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Pneumonia, Staphylococcal; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

 

Last Updated: 2 Mar 2017

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Initial and Chronic Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Infection in Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus; Cystic Fibrosis

 

Last Updated: 1 May 2018

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