Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 310 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Incidence and determinants of stillbirth among women who gave birth in Jimma University specialized hospital, Ethiopia.
 

Author(s): Dejene Tilahun, Tsion Assefa

Journal:

 

Worldwide approximately 2.7 million are stillborn, more than 98% of these occur in developing countries. To address the problem, incidence and determinants of stillbirth must be understood. Therefore the aim of this study was to assess incidence and determinants of stillbirth among ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
A Vaginal Stillbirth after Aortic Surgery of Type B Aortic Dissection in a Pregnant Woman.
 

Author(s): Cuilin Zhu, Xiaomei Zheng, Zhicheng Zhu, Dan Li, Tiance Wang, Rihao Xu, Kexiang Liu

Journal: Int Heart J. 2018 Mar;59(2):448-450.

 

Acute aortic dissection occurring during pregnancy poses great danger to both the mother and fetus. Cesareans are usually performed before or after the aortic repair depending on the conditions of the mother and fetus. Here we report our experience in treating a 32-week pregnant woman ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Optimal Timing of Delivery Based on the Risk of Stillbirth and Infant Death Associated with Each Additional Week of Expectant Management in Multiple Pregnancies: a National Cohort Study of Koreans.
 

Author(s): Hyun Sun Ko, Sae Kyung Choi, Jeong Ha Wie, In Yang Park, Yong Gyu Park, Jong Chul Shin

Journal:

 

The purpose of this study was to compare the fetal/infant mortality risk associated with each additional week of expectant management to that associated with immediate delivery in women with multiple gestations.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 38 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Stillbirth With Group B Streptococcus Disease Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses.
 

Author(s): Anna C Seale, Hannah Blencowe, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Nicholas Embleton, Quique Bassat, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez, Clare Cutland, Carmen Briner, James A Berkley, Joy E Lawn, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Shabir A Madhi

Journal: Clin. Infect. Dis.. 2017 Nov;65(suppl_2):S125-S132.

 

There are an estimated 2.6 million stillbirths each year, many of which are due to infections, especially in low- and middle-income contexts. This paper, the eighth in a series on the burden of group B streptococcal (GBS) disease, aims to estimate the percentage of stillbirths associated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Quantification of the association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Kerryn A Moore, Julie A Simpson, Michelle J L Scoullar, Rose McGready, Freya J I Fowkes

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2017 11;5(11):e1101-e1112.

 

2·6 million stillbirths occur annually worldwide. The association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth has yet to be comprehensively quantified. We aimed to quantify the association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth, and to assess the influence of malaria endemicity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Neuropathological protocol for the study of unexplained stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Luca Roncati, Francesco Piscioli, Teresa Pusiol, Anna M Lavezzi

Journal: Folia Neuropathol. 2017 ;55(2):79-85.

 

An updated neuropathological protocol for the examination of the nervous system in case of unexplained stillbirth has been elaborated and presented in this review. It is focused on the examination of the nervous centers located in the brainstem, which are involved in monitoring ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Low Molecular Weight Heparin in Pregnancies With Unexplained Stillbirths
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Unexplained Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2018

Go to URL
Revealed Versus Concealed Cerebroplacental Ratio
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2016

Go to URL
Effects of a Health Workforce Capacity Building and Quality Improvement Intervention in Kinshasa
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Maternal Death; Infant Death; Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2017

Go to URL