Stillbirth

Common Name(s)

Stillbirth, Stillborn

A stillbirth occurs when a developing fetus dies during the pregnancy before it is born. A mother may suspect that something is wrong with her pregnancy if the fetus stops moving and kicking, but a stillbirth can only be confirmed by a doctor or midwife and an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a test that allows a trained medical professional to see the baby in the womb. If a heartbeat cannot be found on the ultrasound (after 7 weeks of gestation), this indicates in most cases that the fetus has died. The pregnancy loss is considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy ends after 20 weeks.

Stillbirths occur in about 1 in 160 pregnancies and can be caused by problems with the chromosomes of the developing fetus, infections, problems with the placenta (the organ connecting the fetus to the wall of the uterus), and health problems in the mother such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Certain viral infections and medications may also increase the risk of a stillbirth. Many times the cause of a stillbirth is not known.

Stillbirths can often be overwhelming for parents and families, so it is important to talk to your obstetrician, family doctor, or midwife for additional information. They may suggest you speak with a genetic counselor if a chromosome abnormality or other genetic condition is suspected. Support groups are also a great resource of support and information and can help connect you to other families who have experienced a stillbirth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

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Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stillbirth" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death

M.E.N.D. (Mommies Enduring Neonatal Death) is a Christian, non-profit organization that reaches out to families who have suffered the loss of a baby through miscarriage, stillbirth, or early infant death.

http://www.mend.org

Last Updated: 15 Apr 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 295 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A Vaginal Stillbirth after Aortic Surgery of Type B Aortic Dissection in a Pregnant Woman.
 

Author(s): Cuilin Zhu, Xiaomei Zheng, Zhicheng Zhu, Dan Li, Tiance Wang, Rihao Xu, Kexiang Liu

Journal: Int Heart J. 2018 Mar;59(2):448-450.

 

Acute aortic dissection occurring during pregnancy poses great danger to both the mother and fetus. Cesareans are usually performed before or after the aortic repair depending on the conditions of the mother and fetus. Here we report our experience in treating a 32-week pregnant woman ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The impact of stillbirth on bereaved parents: A qualitative study.
 

Author(s): Daniel Nuzum, Sarah Meaney, Keelin O'Donoghue

Journal:

 

To explore the lived experiences and personal impact of stillbirth on bereaved parents.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Time to change focus? Transitioning from higher neonatal to higher stillbirth mortality in São Paulo State, Brazil.
 

Author(s): Kathryn Andrews, Maria Lúcia Moraes Bourroul, Günther Fink, Sandra Grisi, Ana Paula Scoleze Ferrer, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Alexandra Brentani

Journal:

 

Differential trends in mortality suggest that stillbirths may dominate neonatal mortality in the medium to long run. Brazil has made major efforts to improve data collection on health indicators at granular geographic levels, and provides an ideal environment to test this hypothesis. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stillbirth" returned 37 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Quantification of the association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Kerryn A Moore, Julie A Simpson, Michelle J L Scoullar, Rose McGready, Freya J I Fowkes

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2017 11;5(11):e1101-e1112.

 

2·6 million stillbirths occur annually worldwide. The association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth has yet to be comprehensively quantified. We aimed to quantify the association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth, and to assess the influence of malaria endemicity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Neuropathological protocol for the study of unexplained stillbirth.
 

Author(s): Luca Roncati, Francesco Piscioli, Teresa Pusiol, Anna M Lavezzi

Journal: Folia Neuropathol. 2017 ;55(2):79-85.

 

An updated neuropathological protocol for the examination of the nervous system in case of unexplained stillbirth has been elaborated and presented in this review. It is focused on the examination of the nervous centers located in the brainstem, which are involved in monitoring ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Influenza A Virus Infection During Pregnancy Associated with an Increased Risk for Stillbirth and Low Birth Weight.
 

Author(s): Jing He, Zhi-Wei Liu, Yong-Ping Lu, Tao-Yuan Li, Xu-Jing Liang, Petra C Arck, Si-Min Huang, Berthold Hocher, You-Peng Chen

Journal: Kidney Blood Press. Res.. 2017 ;42(2):232-243.

 

Impaired pregnancy outcomes, such as low birth weight are associated with increased disease risk in later life, however little is known about the impact of common infectious diseases during pregnancy on birth weight. The study had two aims: a) to investigate risk factors of influenza ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Revealed Versus Concealed Cerebroplacental Ratio
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 15 Sep 2016

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Saving Babies' Lives Project Impact and Results Evaluation: a Mixed Methodology Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2017

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Asia Pregnancy Outcomes Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Neonatal Death; Stillbirth

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2018

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