Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae

Common Name(s)

Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, PRSP, Streptococcus pneumoniae strains resistant to penicillin

Streptococcus pneumonia (S pneumonia) strains resistant to penicillin (PRSP) is an infection caused by a particular strain (type) of bacteria (Streptococcus) that is resistant to penicillin. S pneumonia bacteria cause respiratory tract illnesses such as pneumonia (lung infection), bronchitis, sinus infections, ear infections (otitis media) and in more serious cases can also cause infections involving the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) as well as the bloodstream (septicemia). S pneumonia is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children and the elderly. The pneumococcal vaccine can prevent infection and is recommended children under 5 and adults over 65 as well as at risk individuals.

S pneumonia is spread by coughing, sneezing, and close contact with an affected person. Symptoms are dependent upon what part of the body is infected but can include fever, cough, chest pain, confusion, stiff neck, irritability and in the most severe cases, without treatment, hearing loss and brain damage. Those at higher risk include children and elderly especially those in crowded conditions (childcare facilities, nursing homes). Others at higher risk include those who travel to developing countries especially those without the vaccine and persons with weakened immune systems like those with diabetes, heart disease, HIV/AIDS or other long-term illnesses.

Prevention includes frequent hand-washing with soap or sanitizer, avoiding touching your eyes, nose and mouth, and covering your mouth with a tissue or sleeve when coughing or sneezing. Diagnosis is confirmed with a culture or sample from affected person, usually from the nose or throat, but can also be obtained from the blood or spinal fluid. S pneumonia that is resistant to penicillin must be treated with antibiotics other than penicillin. In more serious cases, other measures may need to be taken. If you think you may have or been exposed to PRSP, please see you doctor.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae" returned 58 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

In vitro susceptibility of a penicillin-resistant and tolerable isolate of Streptococcus pneumoniae to combination therapy.
 

Author(s): Arnab Majhi, Ajeya Nandi, Rana Adhikary, Sayantika Mahanti, Biswadev Bishayi

Journal:

 

Preference for combination therapy to treat infection due to multidrug-resistant S. pneumoniae (MDRSP) has not been well elucidated in previous studies.

Last Updated: 3 Aug 2015

Go To URL
Neck swelling from a retropharyngeal abscess caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae: a case report.
 

Author(s): Yukiyoshi Hyo, Hisaki Fukushima, Tamotsu Harada

Journal:

 

In small children, retropharyngeal abscesses usually occur after upper respiratory tract infections. Unlike in adults, these abscesses are difficult to diagnose in small children, and can rapidly develop into deep neck or mediastinal abscesses.

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2014

Go To URL

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2011

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae" returned 2 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Streptococcus pneumoniae as an agent of nosocomial infection: treatment in the era of penicillin-resistant strains.
 

Author(s): F Paradisi, G Corti, R Cinelli

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Infect.. 2001 ;7 Suppl 4():34-42.

 

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a well-known agent of community-acquired infections such as sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, bacterial meningitis, bacteremia and acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. However, the role of S. pneumoniae as a cause of nosocomial infections of respiratory ...

Last Updated: 1 Nov 2001

Go To URL
Management of meningitis caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae.
 

Author(s): M M ParĂ­s, O Ramilo, G H McCracken

Journal: Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.. 1995 Oct;39(10):2171-5.

 

Last Updated: 10 Jun 1996

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.