Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

http://www.curehht.org

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Recorded Webinars

The Cure HHT webinar series informs patients and physicians of the latest information in HHT treatment, medicine and research, but also builds and strengthens the HHT community. The live webinars feature physicians and scientists specializing in HHT,

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Treatment Centers

An HHT Center of Excellence is defined as a medical practice that facilitates the comprehensive coordination of care necessary for treating a patient who has HHT. The standard of care must either meet or exceed the guidelines recognized by the HHT Fo

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Patient Resources

Link to a variety of patient resources

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Physician Resources for HHT

A variety of resources available to physicians treating HHT patients

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Publications by Topic

For more in depth reading on specific areas of interest, please review the following articles.

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Glossary of HHT Terminology

Laypersons Guide to HHT Medical Terminology

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Insurance Issues

Insurance Resources for HHT Patients

state insurance regulators, medicare, social security and disability benefits, how to file an insurance appeal

Uploaded by Advocacy Organization: Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 13224 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Rationale and design of a randomized trial of early intensive blood pressure lowering on cerebral perfusion parameters in thrombolysed acute ischemic stroke patients.
 

Author(s): Vijay K Sharma, Benjamin Y Q Tan, M Ying Sim, Amit Kulkarni, Philip A Seow, Chiew S Hong, Zhengdao Du, Lily Y H Wong, Jintao Chen, Elaine Y H Chee, Bridget S M Ng, Yingliang Low, Nicholas J H Ngiam, Leonard L L Yeo, Hock L Teoh, Prakash R Paliwal, Rahul Rathakrishnan, Arvind K Sinha, Bernard P L Chan, Kenneth Butcher, Craig S Anderson

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct;97(40):e12721.

 

Uncertainty persists over the optimal management of blood pressure (BP) in the early phase of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This study aims to determine the safety and effects of intensive BP lowering on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and functional in AIS patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effect of Tai Chi for post-stroke mental disorders and sleep disorders: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Fan Yang, Diyang Lyu, Ruyu Yan, Yahui Wang, Zongheng Li, Yihuai Zou, Yong Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e12554.

 

Post-stroke mental disorders (PSMDs) and post-stroke sleep disorders (PSSDs) are very common in stroke patients. Recently, Tai Chi (TC) as a form of Chinese traditional mind-body exercise has been gradually applied to stroke rehabilitation although its efficacy for PSMD and PSSD varies ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Recurrent cerebral microbleeds with acute stroke symptoms: A case report.
 

Author(s): Pahn Kyu Choi, Ji Yeon Chung, Seung Jae Lee, Hyun Goo Kang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e12480.

 

Cerebral microbleeds are lesions that appear as round low signal intensity areas with a diameter of 2-5 mm on gradient echo T2-weighted sequence magnetic resonance imaging. Cerebral microblees are hemorrhages found in the brain parenchyma and they are caused by the extravasation of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 2157 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Relationship between short telomere length and stroke: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Xiao Jin, Biqi Pan, Xiaojing Dang, Huanlin Wu, Danping Xu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e12489.

 

Several epidemiological studies had been carried out in different population cohorts to estimate the relationship between the shortened telomere length and stroke. However, the results still remained dispute. Consequently, we conducted this meta-analysis to estimate the relationship between them.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Herbal medicine Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang or Chai-Hu-Jia-Long-Gu-Mu-Li-Tang for the treatment of post-stroke depression: A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Chan-Young Kwon, Boram Lee, Sun-Yong Chung, Jong Woo Kim, Aesook Shin, Ye-Yong Choi, Younghee Yun, Jungtae Leem

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(38):e12384.

 

This systematic review protocol describes the methods that will be used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of herbal medicine Sihogayonggolmoryeo-tang (SGYMT) or Chai-Hu-Jia-Long-Gu-Mu-Li-Tang for the treatment of post-stroke depression.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Patent foramen ovale closure or medical therapy for secondary prevention of cryptogenic stroke: An update meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Yingxu Ma, Dongping Li, Fan Bai, Fen Qin, Jiayi Li, Yixi Li, Na Liu, Hui Xie, Shenghua Zhou, Qiming Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(34):e11965.

 

It was under debate whether cryptogenic stroke patients benefited from patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure. We sought to determine secondary prevention strategy in these patients.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Stroke COunseling for Risk REduction
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2018

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Get With the Guidelines-Stroke Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2017

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Constraint Induced Movement Therapy for Walking in Individuals Post Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 13 Sep 2018

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