Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

http://www.curehht.org

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Recorded Webinars

The Cure HHT webinar series informs patients and physicians of the latest information in HHT treatment, medicine and research, but also builds and strengthens the HHT community. The live webinars feature physicians and scientists specializing in HHT,

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Treatment Centers

An HHT Center of Excellence is defined as a medical practice that facilitates the comprehensive coordination of care necessary for treating a patient who has HHT. The standard of care must either meet or exceed the guidelines recognized by the HHT Fo

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Patient Resources

Link to a variety of patient resources

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Physician Resources for HHT

A variety of resources available to physicians treating HHT patients

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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HHT Publications by Topic

For more in depth reading on specific areas of interest, please review the following articles.

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Glossary of HHT Terminology

Laypersons Guide to HHT Medical Terminology

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Insurance Issues

Insurance Resources for HHT Patients

state insurance regulators, medicare, social security and disability benefits, how to file an insurance appeal

Uploaded by Advocacy Organization: Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

Updated 22 Dec 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 18192 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Brain mapping for long-term recovery of gait after supratentorial stroke: A retrospective cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Dae Hyun Kim, Sunghyon Kyeong, Kyung Hee Do, Seong Kyu Lim, Hyong Keun Cho, Suk Jung, Hye Won Kim

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(16):e0453.

 

The recovery of independent gait after stroke is a main goal of patients and understanding the relationship between brain lesions and the recovery of gait can help physicians set viable rehabilitation plans. Our study investigated the association between variables of gait parameters ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The effect and biomechanical mechanisms of intradermal needle for post-stroke hemiplegia recovery: Study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial.
 

Author(s): Ruyu Yan, Yong Zhang, Jingyang Lim, Fan Yang, Li Zhou, Diyang Lyu, Yahui Wang, Yihuai Zou, Zongheng Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(16):e0448.

 

The incidence of stroke has increased significantly in recent years. Post-stroke hemiplegia is a common stroke complication with long-term negative consequences. Several studies have suggested that acupuncture could be an effective intervention for the rehabilitation of post-stroke ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Retrospective analysis of prognosis and risk factors of patients with stroke by TOAST.
 

Author(s): Weimin Wei, Suting Li, Fulan San, Shijun Zhang, Qingyu Shen, Jianjun Guo, Li Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(15):e0412.

 

To determine differences in 90-day mortality and identify risk factors among different etiological classifications of ischemic stroke using the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) classification.Our retrospective analysis included 538 ischemic stroke patients. The ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 2587 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Metabolic syndrome and risk of stroke: Protocol for an update systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Leonardo Roever, Elmiro Santos Resende, Angélica Lemos Debs Diniz, Nilson Penha-Silva, João Lucas O'Connell, Paulo Fernando Silva Gomes, Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Anaisa Silva Roerver-Borges, Fernando César Veloso, Thiago Montes Fidale, Antonio Casella-Filho, Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Paulo Eduardo Ocke Reis, Rogério de Melo Pinto, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Álvaro Avezum, Mansueto Neto, André Durães, Rose Mary Ferreira Lisboa da Silva, Antonio José Grande, Celise Denardi, Renato Delascio Lopes, Nitesh Nerlekar, Shahab Alizadeh, Adrian V Hernandez, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai,

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(15):e9862.

 

The metabolic syndrome is composed of several cardiovascular risk factors and has a high prevalence throughout the world. However, there are no systematic analyses or well-conducted meta-analyses to evaluate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and stroke. The aim of this study ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Registry-based stroke research in Taiwan: past and future.
 

Author(s): Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Darren Philbert Wu, Sheng-Feng Sung

Journal:

 

Stroke registries are observational databases focusing on the clinical information and outcomes of stroke patients. They play an important role in the cycle of quality improvement. Registry data are collected from real-world experiences of stroke care and are suitable for measuring ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The associations of stroke, transient ischemic attack, and/or stroke-related recurrent vascular events with Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Ye Tian, Huan Jia, Sichen Li, Yanmin Wu, Li Guo, Guojun Tan, Bin Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(51):e9413.

 

Studies on stroke and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) have produced conflicting results.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Stroke COunseling for Risk REduction
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2018

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Get With the Guidelines-Stroke Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2017

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Constraint Induced Movement Therapy for Walking in Individuals Post Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2017

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