Stroke

Common Name(s)

Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen and nutrients, which may cause cells in the brain to die. A stroke may cause temporary or permanent muscle weakness and/or loss of muscle control. The severity of a stroke varies greatly. There are different types including ischemic stroke (most common), hemorrhagic stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or mini-strokes).

Common symptoms of a stroke include trouble speaking or understanding, paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg, trouble seeing in one or both eyes, headache, and trouble walking. To check for a stroke remember FAST: Face, Arms, Speech, and Time. Face: ask the person to smile - does one side of their face droop? Arms: ask the person to raise their arms in the air – can they raise both arms and keep them raised? Speech: ask the person to repeat a simple phrase back to you – is their speech slurred? Time: if any or all of these symptoms are shown, then seek medical attention immediately.

The main risk factors for a stroke include being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, overuse of drugs and/or alcohol, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Having a family history of stroke, being 55 years or older, being male, or being African American also increases your risk. Causes of strokes depend on the type of stroke.

In order to diagnose a stroke, doctors will perform a physical exam and may use blood tests, CT scans, MRI studies, and other tests. Emergency treatment will depend on the type of stroke. Follow up treatment may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Lowering your risk factors may help prevent future strokes. If you or a loved one had a stroke, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also available as good sources of information.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
Logo
National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

To find a cure for HHT while saving the lives and improving the well-being of individuals and families affected by HHT. To achieve this mission, the HHT Foundation will: fund research;educate families and physicians; provide linkages among people affected by HHT; collaborate with multidisciplinary HHT Treatment Centers worldwide; and advocate for and support those with HHT

http://www.curehht.org

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

View Details
HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

View Details
Logo
National Stroke Association

National Stroke Association’s mission is to reduce the incidence and impact of stroke by developing compelling education and programs focused on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and support for all impacted by stroke.

https://www.stroke.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

General Resources

Recorded Webinars

The Cure HHT webinar series informs patients and physicians of the latest information in HHT treatment, medicine and research, but also builds and strengthens the HHT community. The live webinars feature physicians and scientists specializing in HHT,

Updated 22 Dec 2015

Go To URL
HHT Treatment Centers

An HHT Center of Excellence is defined as a medical practice that facilitates the comprehensive coordination of care necessary for treating a patient who has HHT. The standard of care must either meet or exceed the guidelines recognized by the HHT Fo

Updated 22 Dec 2015

Go To URL
HHT Patient Resources

Link to a variety of patient resources

Updated 22 Dec 2015

Go To URL
Physician Resources for HHT

A variety of resources available to physicians treating HHT patients

Updated 22 Dec 2015

Go To URL
HHT Publications by Topic

For more in depth reading on specific areas of interest, please review the following articles.

Updated 22 Dec 2015

Go To URL
Glossary of HHT Terminology

Laypersons Guide to HHT Medical Terminology

Updated 22 Dec 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Insurance Issues

Insurance Resources for HHT Patients

state insurance regulators, medicare, social security and disability benefits, how to file an insurance appeal

Uploaded by Advocacy Organization: Cure HHT (formerly HHT Foundation International, Inc.)

Updated 22 Dec 2015

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Stroke" returned 17315 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Ischemic stroke due to intracranial arterial dolichoectasia coexisting with spontaneous dissection of the basilar artery: A case report.
 

Author(s): Fang Yang, Hong Yue, Lin Wu, Xia Qin, Lili Shi, Wei Qu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(44):e8422.

 

We present a rarely seen case of cerebral infarction due to intracranial dolichoectasia coexisting with spontaneous dissection of the basilar artery. A definition of dolichoectasia, its pathology, and imaging findings, as well as the clinical management and prognosis are briefly reviewed.

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2017

Go To URL
Outcome and risk factors associated with extent of central nervous system injury due to exertional heat stroke.
 

Author(s): Mengmeng Yang, Zhi Li, Yan Zhao, Feihu Zhou, Yu Zhang, Jingli Gao, Ting Yin, Xin Hu, Zhi Mao, Jianguo Xiao, Li Wang, Chao Liu, Liqiong Ma, Zhihao Yuan, Jianfei Lv, Haoliang Shen, Peter C Hou, Hongjun Kang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(44):e8417.

 

To explore the relationship between the extent of central nervous system (CNS) injury and patient outcomes meanwhile research the potential risk factors associated with neurologic sequelae. In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed data from 117 consecutive patients (86 survivors, ...

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2017

Go To URL
Delayed recovery of the affected finger extensors at chronic stage in a stroke patient: A case report.
 

Author(s): Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Oct;96(43):e8023.

 

A 33-year-old male presented with complete weakness of the right extremities due to corona radiata infarct.

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Stroke" returned 2433 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Should preventive antibiotics be used in patients with acute stroke? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Feng Zheng, Niklas von Spreckelsen, Xintong Zhang, Pantelis Stavrinou, Marco Timmer, Christian Dohmen, Roland Goldbrunner, Fang Cao, Qiang Zhang, Qishan Ran, Gang Li, Ruiming Fan, Shengtao Yao, Boris Krischek

Journal:

 

Infection is a common complication in acute stroke. Whether or not preventive antibiotics reduce the risk of infection or even lead to a favorable outcome and reduction of mortality after a stroke still remains equivocal. This review was performed to update the current knowledge on ...

Last Updated: 19 Oct 2017

Go To URL
Defining Optimal Brain Health in Adults: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
 

Author(s): Philip B Gorelick, Karen L Furie, Costantino Iadecola, Eric E Smith, Salina P Waddy, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Hee-Joon Bae, Mary Ann Bauman, Martin Dichgans, Pamela W Duncan, Meighan Girgus, Virginia J Howard, Ronald M Lazar, Sudha Seshadri, Fernando D Testai, Stephen van Gaal, Kristine Yaffe, Hank Wasiak, Charlotte Zerna,

Journal: Stroke. 2017 Oct;48(10):e284-e303.

 

Cognitive function is an important component of aging and predicts quality of life, functional independence, and risk of institutionalization. Advances in our understanding of the role of cardiovascular risks have shown them to be closely associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. ...

Last Updated: 8 Sep 2017

Go To URL
Constraint-induced aphasia therapy in post-stroke aphasia rehabilitation: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Jiaqi Zhang, Jiadan Yu, Yong Bao, Qing Xie, Yang Xu, Junmei Zhang, Pu Wang

Journal:

 

Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) has been widely used in post-stroke aphasia rehabilitation. An increasing number of clinical controlled trials have investigated the efficacy of the CIAT for the post-stroke aphasia.

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2017

Go To URL
 
 
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Get With the Guidelines-Stroke Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2017

Go to URL
Noninvasive Brain Stimulation for Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 25 Oct 2016

Go to URL
Post Stroke Psychological Distress
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Stroke

 

Last Updated: 19 Aug 2016

Go to URL