Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 567 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A qualitative study of implementation and adaptations to Progressive Tinnitus Management (PTM) delivery.
 

Author(s): Anaïs Tuepker, Christine Elnitsky, Summer Newell, Tara Zaugg, James A Henry

Journal:

 

Tinnitus is a common condition, especially prevalent among military Veterans. Progressive Tinnitus Management (PTM) is an interdisciplinary, structured, stepped-care approach to providing clinical services, including teaching coping skills, to people bothered by tinnitus. PTM has ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Tinnitus services in the United Kingdom: a survey of patient experiences.
 

Author(s): Don McFerran, Derek J Hoare, Simon Carr, Jaydip Ray, David Stockdale

Journal:

 

Tinnitus service provision in the United Kingdom has been investigated from the healthcare provider's perspective demonstrating considerable regional variation particularly regarding availability of psychological treatments. An audiological-based tinnitus service, however, was reportedly ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Korean survey data reveals an association of chronic laryngitis with tinnitus in men.
 

Author(s): Myung Jin Ban, Won Shik Kim, Ki Nam Park, Jae Wook Kim, Seung Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jae Won Chang, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park

Journal:

 

The association between chronic laryngitis and tinnitus is not a well-studied topic, unlike the association of these two conditions with many other disorders. Cross-sectional data of 11,347 adults (males: 4,934; females: 6,413), who completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 90 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A narrative synthesis of research evidence for tinnitus-related complaints as reported by patients and their significant others.
 

Author(s): Deborah Ann Hall, Kathryn Fackrell, Anne Beatrice Li, Rachel Thavayogan, Sandra Smith, Veronica Kennedy, Catarina Tinoco, Evelina D Rodrigues, Paula Campelo, Tânia D Martins, Vera Martins Lourenço, Diogo Ribeiro, Haúla F Haider

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There are a large number of assessment tools for tinnitus, with little consensus on what it is important to measure and no preference for a minimum reporting standard. The item content of tinnitus assessment tools should seek to capture relevant impacts of tinnitus on everyday life, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Is smoking a risk factor for tinnitus? A systematic review, meta-analysis and estimation of the population attributable risk in Germany.
 

Author(s): Annette Veile, Heiko Zimmermann, Eva Lorenz, Heiko Becher

Journal:

 

To assess the epidemiological association of smoking status and tinnitus with a systematic review and meta-analysis and to estimate the population attributable risk in Germany.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Degree of tinnitus improvement with stapes surgery - a review.
 

Author(s): Aliciane Mota G Cavalcante, Isabella Monteiro de Castro Silva, Bianca Jessica Neves, Carlos Augusto Oliveira, Fayez Bahmad

Journal: Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. ;84(4):514-518.

 

Otospongiosis is temporal bone osteodystrophy, characterized by disordered bone resorption and neoformation in genetically predisposed individuals. Clinically, otospongiosis is characterized by progressive conductive and/or mixed hearing loss and by tinnitus.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Clinical Trial Investigating Effect of Tinted Light on Perception of Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 2 May 2018

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Lidoderm Patch (Lidocaine 5%) for Tinnitus Treatment
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2018

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Effects of Yoga Exercise on Participates With Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 29 May 2018

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