Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 543 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Korean survey data reveals an association of chronic laryngitis with tinnitus in men.
 

Author(s): Myung Jin Ban, Won Shik Kim, Ki Nam Park, Jae Wook Kim, Seung Won Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jae Won Chang, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park

Journal:

 

The association between chronic laryngitis and tinnitus is not a well-studied topic, unlike the association of these two conditions with many other disorders. Cross-sectional data of 11,347 adults (males: 4,934; females: 6,413), who completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Comparisons of auditory brainstem response and sound level tolerance in tinnitus ears and non-tinnitus ears in unilateral tinnitus patients with normal audiograms.
 

Author(s): Hyun Joon Shim, Yong-Hwi An, Dong Hyun Kim, Ji Eun Yoon, Ji Hyang Yoon

Journal:

 

Recently, "hidden hearing loss" with cochlear synaptopathy has been suggested as a potential pathophysiology of tinnitus in individuals with a normal hearing threshold. Several studies have demonstrated that subjects with tinnitus and normal audiograms show significantly reduced auditory ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Tinnitus, Medial Olivocochlear System, and Music Exposure in Adolescents.
 

Author(s): María Hinalaf, Ana L Maggi, Mercedes X Hüg, Pablo Kogan, Jorge Pérez Villalobo, Ester C Biassoni

Journal: Noise Health. ;19(87):95-102.

 

The most common cause of tinnitus is the exposure to noise; in the case of adolescents, music is the main sound source they are exposed to. Currently, one of the hypotheses about the genesis of tinnitus is related to the deterioration in the functioning of the medial olivocochlear system (MOCS).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 85 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region: A Systematic Review on Environmental Noise and Permanent Hearing Loss and Tinnitus.
 

Author(s): Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska, Kamil Zaborowski

Journal:

 

: Hearing loss is defined as worsening of hearing acuity and is usually expressed as an increase in the hearing threshold. Tinnitus, defined as "ringing in the ear", is a common and often disturbing accompaniment of hearing loss. Hearing loss and environmental exposures to noise are ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Core Outcome Domains for early phase clinical trials of sound-, psychology-, and pharmacology-based interventions to manage chronic subjective tinnitus in adults: the COMIT'ID study protocol for using a Delphi process and face-to-face meetings to establish consensus.
 

Author(s): Kathryn Fackrell, Harriet Smith, Veronica Colley, Brian Thacker, Adele Horobin, Haúla F Haider, Alain Londero, Birgit Mazurek, Deborah A Hall

Journal:

 

The reporting of outcomes in clinical trials of subjective tinnitus indicates that many different tinnitus-related complaints are of interest to investigators, from perceptual attributes of the sound (e.g. loudness) to psychosocial impacts (e.g. quality of life). Even when considering ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Somatosensory tinnitus: Current evidence and future perspectives.
 

Author(s): Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Rosaria Turchetta, Giancarlo Altissimi, Marco de Vincentiis, Giancarlo Cianfrone

Journal: J. Int. Med. Res.. 2017 Jun;45(3):933-947.

 

In some individuals, tinnitus can be modulated by specific maneuvers of the temporomandibular joint, head and neck, eyes, and limbs. Neuroplasticity seems to play a central role in this capacity for modulation, suggesting that abnormal interactions between the sensory modalities, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Clinical Trial Investigating Effect of Tinted Light on Perception of Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 2 May 2018

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Lidoderm Patch (Lidocaine 5%) for Tinnitus Treatment
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2018

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Last Updated: 1 May 2017

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