Tinnitus

Common Name(s)

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound when no noise is present. The sound is often a ringing, buzzing, hissing, clicking, swooshing, or whistling, and may be heard temporarily or ongoing. Tinnitus is very common, affecting roughly 45 million Americans. It can range in severity from slightly bothersome to severely interfering with daily life. While there are many causes of tinnitus, hearing loss is the most common cause. The elderly and those who are exposed to loud noises are at higher risk of developing tinnitus. Blocking in the middle ear, such from ear wax, congestion, loose hair, or foreign objects, is another common cause of tinnitus. Other causes include injury to the head or neck with damage to nerves, muscles, and blood flow, injury to the lower jaw, medication side effects, and inherited health conditions.

The symptoms of tinnitus often fall into three main categories. Tonal tinnitus is the presence of a continuous sound of the same frequency but differing in volume. Pulsatile tinnitus occurs when the sound is in a beat, often following the heartbeat of the individual. Musical tinnitus is a rare form where an individual hears music or singing that repeats in a loop-like fashion. Over 99% of cases are subjective tinnitus, where other people cannot hear the noises of an individual affected by tinnitus. In rare cases, the noise may be heard when examining the individual, which is known as objective tinnitus and is most often seen with pulsatile tinnitus.

Treatment for tinnitus is often aimed at addressing the underlying cause. While there are often no definitive cures, various treatments may help reduce the impact of the condition on daily life. Treatments include increasing general well-being through diet, exercise, and stress reduction. Medication and therapy may also be used. If you or your child is experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Tinnitus" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Vestibular Disorders Association

VEDA's mission is to serve people with vestibular (inner ear balance) disorders by providing access to information, offering a support network, and elevating awareness of the challenges associated with these conditions.

https://vestibular.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 520 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comparisons of auditory brainstem response and sound level tolerance in tinnitus ears and non-tinnitus ears in unilateral tinnitus patients with normal audiograms.
 

Author(s): Hyun Joon Shim, Yong-Hwi An, Dong Hyun Kim, Ji Eun Yoon, Ji Hyang Yoon

Journal:

 

Recently, "hidden hearing loss" with cochlear synaptopathy has been suggested as a potential pathophysiology of tinnitus in individuals with a normal hearing threshold. Several studies have demonstrated that subjects with tinnitus and normal audiograms show significantly reduced auditory ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Objective measurement of subjective tinnitus using the acoustic change complex.
 

Author(s): Ji-Hye Han, Joong Yeon Won, Sung Kwang Hong, Ja Hee Kim, Eun Soo Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Hyo-Jeong Lee

Journal:

 

At present, there is no objective method for diagnosing subjective sensorineural tinnitus. Recently, the acoustic change complex (ACC) has been used to evaluate neural detection of sounds. Thus, the present study aimed to examine whether the ACC can reflect cortical detection and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Characteristics of somatic tinnitus patients with and without hyperacusis.
 

Author(s): Massimo Ralli, Richard J Salvi, Antonio Greco, Rosaria Turchetta, Armando De Virgilio, Giancarlo Altissimi, Giuseppe Attanasio, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Marco de Vincentiis

Journal:

 

Determine if somatic tinnitus patients with hyperacusis have different characteristics from those without hyperacusis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Tinnitus" returned 78 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

An Integrative Tinnitus Model Based on Sensory Precision.
 

Author(s): William Sedley, Karl J Friston, Phillip E Gander, Sukhbinder Kumar, Timothy D Griffiths

Journal: Trends Neurosci.. 2016 Dec;39(12):799-812.

 

Tinnitus is a common disorder that often complicates hearing loss. Its mechanisms are incompletely understood. Current theories proposing pathophysiology from the ear to the cortex cannot individually - or collectively - explain the range of experimental evidence available. We propose ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dimensions of tinnitus-related complaints reported by patients and their significant others: protocol for a systematic review.
 

Author(s): HaĂșla Haider, Kathryn Fackrell, Veronica Kennedy, Deborah A Hall

Journal:

 

Over 70 million people in Europe and >50 million people in the USA are reported to experience tinnitus (the sensation of noise in the absence of any corresponding sound source). Tinnitus is a multidimensional concept. Individual patients may report different profiles of tinnitus-related ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Electrical Stimulation of the Ear, Head, Cranial Nerve, or Cortex for the Treatment of Tinnitus: A Scoping Review.
 

Author(s): Derek J Hoare, Peyman Adjamian, Magdalena Sereda

Journal: Neural Plast.. 2016 ;2016():5130503.

 

Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the absence of an external source. It is often associated with hearing loss and is thought to result from abnormal neural activity at some point or points in the auditory pathway, which is incorrectly interpreted by the brain as an ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

A Clinical Trial Investigating Effect of Tinted Light on Perception of Tinnitus
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 3 May 2017

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Lidoderm Patch (Lidocaine 5%) for Tinnitus Treatment
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Tinnitus

 

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2016

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Last Updated: 1 May 2017

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