Trachoma

Common Name(s)

Trachoma

Trachoma is one of the oldest infectious diseases known and is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness of infectious origin. Trachoma is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is spread through direct personal contact, shared towels or clothes, flies, and other things that have come in contact with an infected person. Risk factors include water shortage, flies, poor hygiene conditions, and crowded households. When left untreated after years of repeated infections, the inside of the eyelid may be scarred so severely that the eyelid turns inward and the lashes rub on the eyeball, scarring the cornea. This can cause pain, permanent damage to the cornea, and irreversible blindness. Trachoma is prevalent in a majority of the poorest and most remote rural areas of Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia, and the Middle East, often affecting women and children.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Trachoma" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 415 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Use of validated community-based trachoma trichiasis (TT) case finders to measure the total backlog and detect when elimination threshold is achieved: a TT methodology paper.
 

Author(s): Jefitha Karimurio, Hillary Rono, Doris Njomo, John Sironka, Catherine Kareko, Michael Gichangi, Ernest Barasa, Alice Mwangi, Kefa Ronald, Francis Kiio

Journal:

 

The World Health Organization recommends TT surveys to be conducted in adults aged 15+ years (TT 15 survey) and certifies elimination of TT as a public health problem when there is less than 1 unknown case per 1,000 people of all ages. There is no standard survey method to accurately ...

Last Updated: 18 Aug 2017

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Burden of trachoma in five counties of Eastern Equatoria state, South Sudan: Results from population-based surveys.
 

Author(s): Angelia M Sanders, Aisha E P Stewart, Samuel Makoy, Joy J Chebet, Peter Magok, Aja Kuol, Carla Blauvelt, Richard Lako, John Rumunu, E Kelly Callahan, Scott D Nash

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In order to decrease the prevalence of trachoma within the country, the Republic of South Sudan has implemented components of the SAFE strategy in various counties since 2001. Five counties in Eastern Equatoria state were surveyed in order to monitor progress of programmatic interventions ...

Last Updated: 14 Jun 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Trachoma" returned 31 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Relationship between Active Trachoma and Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis Infection before and after Mass Antibiotic Treatment.
 

Author(s): Athumani M Ramadhani, Tamsyn Derrick, David Macleod, Martin J Holland, Matthew J Burton

Journal:

 

Trachoma is a blinding disease, initiated in early childhood by repeated conjunctival infection with the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The population prevalence of the clinical signs of active trachoma; ''follicular conjunctivitis" (TF) and/or ''intense papillary ...

Last Updated: 26 Oct 2016

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Historical Aspects of Endemic Trachoma in Peru: 1895-2000.
 

Author(s): Vicente Maco, Mayling Encalada, Carlos Wong, Luis A Marcos

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Last Updated: 15 Jan 2016

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Trachoma and Yaws: Common Ground?
 

Author(s): Anthony W Solomon, Michael Marks, Diana L Martin, Alexei Mikhailov, Rebecca M Flueckiger, Oriol Mitjà, Kingsley Asiedu, Jean Jannin, Dirk Engels, David C W Mabey

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Last Updated: 4 Dec 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Sanitation, Water, and Instruction in Face-washing for Trachoma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Trachoma

 

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2017

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Mortality Reduction After Oral Azithromycin: Morbidity Study
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Childhood Mortality

 

Last Updated: 14 Oct 2016

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