Transient erythroblastopenia of childhood (TEC) is a type of pure red cell aplasia that affects a previously healthy child. Pure red cell aplasia is a disorder of the bone marrow that affects red blood cells (erythrocytes), causing the affected individual to have very low levels of red blood cells. Children usually begin showing symptoms of this disease between 6 months and 4 years of age. Cases are usually sporadic, but there have been several instances where multiple siblings have the condition.
Children with TEC will gradually develop pale skin and severe anemia. Anemia refers to a low red blood cell count. Some children will become easily fatigued and lethargic. A doctor may notice a swishing sound in the heart (murmur) when performing a physical exam.
TEC can be diagnosed based on a medical history and blood testing. Treatment usually involves blood transfusions. Most patients are able to achieve a complete recovery within a few months. If your child displays symptoms of TEC, consult your doctor. Once diagnosed, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.