Transient ischemic attack

Common Name(s)

Transient ischemic attack

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain does not receive the oxygen and nutrients that it needs. A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is sometimes referred to as a “mini-stroke” or a “warning stroke”. Like a stroke, a TIA is caused by the formation of a blood clot that interrupts or cuts off blood flow to the brain. The difference between a TIA and a stroke is that in a TIA, the interruption in blood flow is only temporary and there is usually no permanent injury to the brain. A TIA lasts about a minute on average, and usually no longer than five minutes.

The symptoms of a TIA can include sudden onset of weakness, numbness, or paralysis in a body part, slurred speech, blurred vision, loss of vision, and loss of coordination. The most common cause of a TIA is the buildup of cholesterol in the arteries, which causes a small blood clot. TIA’s are called “warning strokes” because one in three people who experience a TIA will later experience a stroke. If you believe that you are having a TIA, you should seek medical help immediately. If you have had a TIA, there are steps that you can take to lower your risk of stroke. These steps include: working to lower cholesterol levels, quitting smoking, engaging in regular physical activity, improving nutrition, limiting alcohol intake, and stopping any illicit drug use. Support groups are available for more resources and information.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Transient ischemic attack" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Transient ischemic attack" returned 457 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Robotic exoskeleton assessment of transient ischemic attack.
 

Author(s): Leif Simmatis, Jonathan Krett, Stephen H Scott, Albert Y Jin

Journal:

 

We used a robotic exoskeleton to quantify specific patterns of abnormal upper limb motor behaviour in people who have had transient ischemic attack (TIA). A cohort of people with TIA was recruited within two weeks of symptom onset. All individuals completed a robotic-based assessment ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma mimicking transient ischemic attack: A case report.
 

Author(s): Chuqiao Li, Rui He, Xiaoqiang Li, Yulan Zhong, Li Ling, Fangming Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(49):e9007.

 

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare but highly disabling neurological emergency. The initial presentations are variable. Most patients of SSEH present with paraplegia or tetraplegia clinically, but recurrent hemiparesis with complete spontaneous recovery, mimicking ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Long-term morbidity and mortality in patients without early complications after stroke or transient ischemic attack.
 

Author(s): Jodi D Edwards, Moira K Kapral, Jiming Fang, Richard H Swartz

Journal: CMAJ. 2017 Jul;189(29):E954-E961.

 

Secondary prevention after stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) has focused on high early risk of recurrence, but survivors of stroke can have substantial long-term morbidity and mortality. We quantified long-term morbidity and mortality for patients who had no early complications ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Transient ischemic attack" returned 37 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The complexity of atrial fibrillation newly diagnosed after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack: advances and uncertainties.
 

Author(s): Joshua O Cerasuolo, Lauren E Cipriano, Luciano A Sposato

Journal: Curr. Opin. Neurol.. 2017 02;30(1):28-37.

 

Atrial fibrillation is being increasingly diagnosed after ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). Patient characteristics, frequency and duration of paroxysms, and the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke associated with atrial fibrillation detected after stroke and TIA ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Lifestyle Interventions to Prevent Cardiovascular Events After Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Inger A Deijle, Sander M Van Schaik, Erwin E H Van Wegen, Henry C Weinstein, Gert Kwakkel, Renske M Van den Berg-Vos

Journal: Stroke. 2017 Jan;48(1):174-179.

 

Patients with a transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke have an increased risk of subsequent cardiovascular events. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether lifestyle interventions focusing on behaviorally modifiable risk factors with or ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Genetic Polymorphisms and Clopidogrel Efficacy for Acute Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Yuesong Pan, Weiqi Chen, Yun Xu, Xingyang Yi, Yan Han, Qingwu Yang, Xin Li, Li'an Huang, S Claiborne Johnston, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Qi Zhang, Guangyao Wang, Yongjun Wang, Yilong Wang

Journal: Circulation. 2017 Jan;135(1):21-33.

 

The association of genetic polymorphisms and clopidogrel efficacy in patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) remains controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between genetic polymorphisms, especially CYP2C19 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

THALES - Acute STroke or Transient IscHaemic Attack Treated With TicAgreLor and ASA for PrEvention of Stroke and Death
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Ischaemic Stroke; Transient Ischaemic Attack

 

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2017

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Dabigatran Following Transient Ischemic Attack and Minor Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Transient Ischemic Attack; Minor Ischemic Stroke

 

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2016

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Psychoeducation for Transient Ischaemic Attack and Minor Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Transient Ischaemic Attack; Stroke

 

Last Updated: 30 Nov 2016

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