Traumatic brain injury

Common Name(s)

Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a blow to the head or jolt to the head or body. It can also be caused by an object going through the skull, like a bullet or even a shattered piece of the skull bone.

Mild TBI is commonly known as a concussion. Common concussion symptoms include a loss of consciousness, being in a confused or dazed state, and headaches. More physical issues may include: sleep issues (either sleeping too much or difficultly sleeping), nausea, or dizziness. People with concussions also experience problems with their senses, memory and concentration. All of these symptoms are also present in more severe brain trauma. However, for severe cases, additional physical symptoms may include seizures, long lasting nausea or vomiting, widened (dilated) pupils, not being able to wake up, or loss of coordination. Other mental symptoms include confusion, slurred speech, and unusual behavior. Babies with brain trauma may experience changes in eating/nursing and persistent crying.

If you recently experienced a fall, car/motorcycle accident, violence, or a sports injury, it is possible that you have a TBI. People are most likely to have a traumatic brain injury between the ages 0-4, 15-24, and 75+.

Doctors can diagnose brain trauma by testing a person’s ability to follow direction and their ability to control different body parts (Glasgow Coma Scale). Brain scans, such as CT scans or MRIs, may also be taken so that the doctor can see if the brain or skull is damaged. Mild brain trauma may be treated by resting and over-the-counter pain medication. However, more severe traumas may require prescribed medication, surgery, or rehabilitation. Individuals with brain trauma will not have all the listed symptoms. If you or your child has been diagnosed with TBI, talk to your doctor and specialists about current treatment options. Support groups are a good resource of information especially for those with more severe TBI.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Traumatic brain injury" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Traumatic brain injury" returned 2268 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Special Monthly Compensation for Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury. Final rule.
 

Author(s):

Journal: Fed Regist. 2018 May;83(89):20735-7.

 

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) amends its adjudication regulations to add an additional compensation benefit for veterans with residuals of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This final rule incorporates in regulations a benefit authorized by the enactment of the Veterans' Benefits ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Serum levels of Selenium and C-reactive protein in comatose patients with severe traumatic brain injury during the first week of hospitalization: case-control study.
 

Author(s): Bahia Belatar, Fatna Laidi, Abdelah El Abidi, Rachid Eljaoudi, Fouzia Mamouch, Saad Kabbaj, Wajdi Maazouzi

Journal:

 

Mortality and morbidity related to traumatic brain injuries still remain high in patients. Many authors reported the importance of Selenium in maintaining the integrity of brain functions. This fact is supported by clinical evidence that therapy with selenium supplementation could ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Usability of World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule in chronic traumatic brain injury.
 

Author(s): Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder, Olli Tenovuo, Anne Kaljonen, Katri Laimi

Journal: J Rehabil Med. 2018 Jun;50(6):514-518.

 

To investigate functioning measured with the 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) in patients with mild, moderate and severe traumatic brain injury, and to compare patients' experiences with assessments made by their significant others and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Traumatic brain injury" returned 447 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Therapeutic effect of intensive glycemic control therapy in patients with traumatic brain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Chunran Zhu, Jinjing Chen, Junchen Pan, Zhichao Qiu, Tao Xu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(30):e11671.

 

Hyperglycemia is associated with dismal outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), which is frequently treated with insulin therapy. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to assess the safety ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Impact & Blast Traumatic Brain Injury: Implications for Therapy.
 

Author(s): Satoshi Yamamoto, Douglas S DeWitt, Donald S Prough

Journal:

 

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most frequent causes of combat casualties in Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF), Enduring Freedom (OEF), and New Dawn (OND). Although less common than combat-related blast exposure, there have been significant numbers of blast injuries in civilian ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pharmacological targeting of secondary brain damage following ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, traumatic brain injury, and bacterial meningitis - a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Thomas Beez, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Nima Etminan

Journal:

 

The effectiveness of pharmacological strategies exclusively targeting secondary brain damage (SBD) following ischemic stroke, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, aSAH, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), traumatic brain injury (TBI) and bacterial meningitis is unclear. This meta-analysis ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Long Term Effects of Erythropoietin in Patients With Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Traumatic Brain Injury

 

Last Updated: 17 Aug 2017

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Last Updated: 26 May 2017

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Group Lifestyle Balance™ for Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injury (GLB-TBI)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Traumatic Brain Injury

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2018

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