Traumatic brain injury

Common Name(s)

Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a blow to the head or jolt to the head or body. It can also be caused by an object going through the skull, like a bullet or even a shattered piece of the skull bone.

Mild TBI is commonly known as a concussion. Common concussion symptoms include a loss of consciousness, being in a confused or dazed state, and headaches. More physical issues may include: sleep issues (either sleeping too much or difficultly sleeping), nausea, or dizziness. People with concussions also experience problems with their senses, memory and concentration. All of these symptoms are also present in more severe brain trauma. However, for severe cases, additional physical symptoms may include seizures, long lasting nausea or vomiting, widened (dilated) pupils, not being able to wake up, or loss of coordination. Other mental symptoms include confusion, slurred speech, and unusual behavior. Babies with brain trauma may experience changes in eating/nursing and persistent crying.

If you recently experienced a fall, car/motorcycle accident, violence, or a sports injury, it is possible that you have a TBI. People are most likely to have a traumatic brain injury between the ages 0-4, 15-24, and 75+.

Doctors can diagnose brain trauma by testing a person’s ability to follow direction and their ability to control different body parts (Glasgow Coma Scale). Brain scans, such as CT scans or MRIs, may also be taken so that the doctor can see if the brain or skull is damaged. Mild brain trauma may be treated by resting and over-the-counter pain medication. However, more severe traumas may require prescribed medication, surgery, or rehabilitation. Individuals with brain trauma will not have all the listed symptoms. If you or your child has been diagnosed with TBI, talk to your doctor and specialists about current treatment options. Support groups are a good resource of information especially for those with more severe TBI.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Traumatic brain injury" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Traumatic brain injury" returned 2335 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Special Monthly Compensation for Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury. Final rule.
 

Author(s):

Journal: Fed Regist. 2018 May;83(89):20735-7.

 

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) amends its adjudication regulations to add an additional compensation benefit for veterans with residuals of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This final rule incorporates in regulations a benefit authorized by the enactment of the Veterans' Benefits ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Emergency Department Time Course for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Workup.
 

Author(s): Edward A Michelson, J Stephen Huff, Mae Loparo, Rosanne S Naunheim, Andrew Perron, Martha Rahm, David W Smith, Joseph A Stone, Ariel Berger

Journal: West J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul;19(4):635-640.

 

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common cause for visits to the emergency department (ED). The actual time required for an ED workup of a patient with mTBI in the United States is not well known. National emergency medicine organizations have recommended reducing unnecessary ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prospective evaluation of the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) score: minor differences in patients with major versus no or mild traumatic brain injury at one-year follow up.
 

Author(s): Konstantin Born, Felix Amsler, Thomas Gross

Journal:

 

The Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) score was developed to assess disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). So far, validation studies on the QOLIBRI were only conducted in cohorts with traumatic brain injury. This study ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Traumatic brain injury" returned 462 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The effectiveness of non-invasive brain stimulation on arousal and alertness in patients in coma or persistent vegetative state after traumatic brain injury: Protocol of systematic review and network meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Yabin Li, Xianggui Luo, Miao Wan, Jiao Li, Hongxia Wang, Dang Wei, Haixia Feng

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(37):e12321.

 

Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The survivors usually suffer from disorders of consciousness, especially coma state and persistent vegetative state. For these patients, there is no standard treatment for them, but non-invasive brain stimulations ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prognostic role of D-dimer level upon admission in patients with traumatic brain injury.
 

Author(s): Jing Zhang, Min He, Yanlin Song, Jianguo Xu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(31):e11774.

 

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of D-dimer level upon admission in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) through performing a meta-analysis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Therapeutic effect of intensive glycemic control therapy in patients with traumatic brain injury: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Chunran Zhu, Jinjing Chen, Junchen Pan, Zhichao Qiu, Tao Xu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(30):e11671.

 

Hyperglycemia is associated with dismal outcomes in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), which is frequently treated with insulin therapy. In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to assess the safety ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Long Term Effects of Erythropoietin in Patients With Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Traumatic Brain Injury

 

Last Updated: 20 Aug 2018

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Last Updated: 26 May 2017

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Group Lifestyle Balance™ for Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injury (GLB-TBI)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Traumatic Brain Injury

 

Last Updated: 23 Jul 2018

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