Diabetes mellitus type 2

Common Name(s)

Diabetes mellitus type 2, Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar or glucose levels. Glucose is the main energy or fuel source for our body’s cells. Insulin helps our body’s cells take in the glucose from our bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes can result because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or due to an inability of the body's cells to recognize insulin. Therefore lack of insulin or the inability of cells to recognize insulin results in increased or high blood glucose levels. Early symptoms may include an increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or increased infections, and darkened areas of skin.

Rates of type 2 diabetes have gone up recently, especially in younger people, as obesity rates have also increased. Other risk factors include fat distributed mainly in the belly, inactivity, family history, race, and age. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels for an extended period of time can cause damage to blood vessels, the kidney, nerves, eyes, feet, skin and mouth, hearing, and greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart disease and heart attack. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, talk with your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

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Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

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Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

http://www.diabeteshandsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

http://www.tcoyd.org

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 2523 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cardiac Biomarkers in Youth with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Results from the TODAY Study.
 

Author(s): Samuel S Gidding, Fida Bacha, Petter Bjornstad, Lorraine E Levitt Katz, Lynne L Levitsky, Jane Lynch, Jeanie B Tryggestad, Ruth S Weinstock, Laure El Ghormli, Joao A C Lima,

Journal: J. Pediatr.. 2018 Jan;192():86-92.e5.

 

To examine cardiac biomarkers over time in youth-onset type 2 diabetes, and relate serum concentrations to cardiovascular disease risk factors, and left ventricular structure and function.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Trends in the management levels of metabolic risk factors in middle-aged and elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1998-2014.
 

Author(s): Sukyung Cho, Haeun Jang, Kyong Park

Journal:

 

The present study examined the temporal trends in the management of blood pressure, glucose, and lipid levels among middle-aged and elderly patients with type 2 diabetes using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1998-2014). A total of 3,689 patients ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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An insulin resistance associated neural correlate of impulsivity in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Kristen L Eckstrand, Nishit Mummareddy, Hakmook Kang, Ronald Cowan, Minchun Zhou, David Zald, Heidi J Silver, Kevin D Niswender, Malcolm J Avison

Journal:

 

Central insulin resistance (IR) influences striatal dopamine (DA) tone, an important determinant of behavioral self-regulation. We hypothesized that an association exists between the degree of peripheral IR and impulse control, mediated by the impact of IR on brain circuits controlling ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 361 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gastric Contractility Modulation - a novel method for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity.
 

Author(s): Jarosław Kozakowski, Harold E Lebovitz, Wojciech Zgliczyński, Wiesław Tarnowski

Journal: Endokrynol Pol. 2017 ;68(5):579-584.

 

Because the majority of antidiabetic medications are of limited efficacy and patient compliance with treatment is usually poor, new therapies are still being searched for. In the review a newly developed system for treatment of subjects with type 2 diabetes and concomitant overweight/obesity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary chronic total occlusions with versus without type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Qiang Wang, Hao Liu, Jiawang Ding

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(45):e8499.

 

Nowadays, due to advanced techniques and well-trained interventionists in catheter labs, new scientific research has shown percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to be a safe treatment procedure in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO). However, no study has systematically ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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EZSCAN for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Andrea Ruiz-Alejos, J Jaime Miranda, Rohini Mathur, Pablo Perel, Liam Smeeth

Journal:

 

The EZSCAN is a non-invasive device that, by evaluating sweat gland function, may detect subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis including studies assessing the performance of the EZSCAN for detecting ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 11 Jan 2018

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HbA1c Variability in Type II Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

 

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2017

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