Diabetes mellitus type 2

Common Name(s)

Diabetes mellitus type 2, Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar or glucose levels. Glucose is the main energy or fuel source for our body’s cells. Insulin helps our body’s cells take in the glucose from our bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes can result because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or due to an inability of the body's cells to recognize insulin. Therefore lack of insulin or the inability of cells to recognize insulin results in increased or high blood glucose levels. Early symptoms may include an increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or increased infections, and darkened areas of skin.

Rates of type 2 diabetes have gone up recently, especially in younger people, as obesity rates have also increased. Other risk factors include fat distributed mainly in the belly, inactivity, family history, race, and age. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels for an extended period of time can cause damage to blood vessels, the kidney, nerves, eyes, feet, skin and mouth, hearing, and greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart disease and heart attack. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, talk with your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

http://www.diabeteshandsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

http://www.tcoyd.org

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 2355 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association between 28 single nucleotide polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Kazakh population: a case-control study.
 

Author(s): Nurgul Sikhayeva, Aisha Iskakova, Nuria Saigi-Morgui, Elena Zholdybaeva, Chin-Bin Eap, Erlan Ramanculov

Journal:

 

We evaluated the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms and different clinical parameters related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity risk, and metabolic syndrome (MS) in a Kazakh cohort.

Last Updated: 25 Jul 2017

Go To URL
Assessment of optic disc and ganglion cell layer in diabetes mellitus type 2.
 

Author(s): Evre Pekel, Gökhan Tufaner, Hüseyin Kaya, Alper Kaşıkçı, Gökhan Deda, Gökhan Pekel

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(29):e7556.

 

The purpose of this study was to compare the optic disc parameters, retinal nerve fiber (RNFL), and macular ganglion cell layers between patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 and healthy controls.In this cross-sectional study, 69 eyes of 69 diabetic patients without diabetic ...

Last Updated: 20 Jul 2017

Go To URL
Resveratrol Ameliorates Arterial Stiffness Assessed by Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
 

Author(s): Haruki Imamura, Takashi Yamaguchi, Daiji Nagayama, Atsuhito Saiki, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno

Journal: Int Heart J. 2017 Aug;58(4):577-583.

 

Resveratrol has been reported to have potent anti-atherosclerotic effects in animal studies. However, there are few interventional studies in human patients with atherosclerogenic diseases. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) reflects arterial stiffness and is a clinical surrogate ...

Last Updated: 13 Jul 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 335 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Coronary Artery Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
 

Author(s): Ryo Naito, Katsumi Miyauchi

Journal: Int Heart J. 2017 Aug;58(4):475-480.

 

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major risk factor of coronary artery diseases (CAD). Clinical outcomes in CAD with T2DM are poor despite improvement in medications and intervention devices. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is superior to percutaneous coronary intervention ...

Last Updated: 18 Jul 2017

Go To URL
Long-term efficacy and safety of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors as add-on to metformin treatment in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jian Li, Yanping Gong, Chunlin Li, Yanhui Lu, Yu Liu, Yinghong Shao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(27):e7201.

 

Drug intensification is often required for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus on stable metformin therapy. Among the potential candidates for a combination therapy, sodium-glucose transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have shown promising outcomes. This meta-analysis was performed ...

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2017

Go To URL
Pharmacologic Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Available Therapies.
 

Author(s): James Thrasher

Journal: Am. J. Cardiol.. 2017 Jul;120(1S):S4-S16.

 

Choices for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have multiplied as our understanding of the underlying pathophysiologic defects has evolved. Treatment should target multiple defects in T2DM and follow a patient-centered approach that considers factors beyond glycemic ...

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2017

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2016

Go to URL
HbA1c Variability in Type II Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

 

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2017

Go to URL
Shared Medical Visits for Spanish-speaking Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

 

Last Updated: 15 Jul 2016

Go to URL