A vascular brain tumor is a tumor that forms when there are too many or too large blood vessels in the brain or spinal cord. It is not cancerous. There are specific types of vascular brain tumors, which helps identify the causes.
Von Hippel Lindau disease is linked to causing vascular brain tumors. Von Hippel Lindau disease is a genetic condition caused by a change in the VHL gene. Genes control the growth, development, and function of the body. A change (mutation) can cause the gene to not work properly. Each person has two copies of every gene, one from mom and one from dad. Von Hippel Lindau disease is passed down from parent to child in an autosomal dominant manner which means only one mutation from one parent is inherited by a child in order to cause symptoms. A person with this condition has a 50/50 chance of passing the condition on to their children.
Vascular brain tumors often form toward the lower backside of the head/skull in an area that controls the body's balance. Symptoms include lack of balance, trouble walking, vomiting, headaches, and trouble seeing.
Treatment for vascular brain tumors is typically surgery. Doctors will take images of the brain to rule out other problems with the tumor. The doctor may then remove the tumor. Another type of treatment is stereotactic radiosurgery. Stereotactic radiosurgery is a type of radiation treatment that stops the tumor from growing. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with a vascular brain tumor, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options as well as signs that you may need immediate medical attention.