Ventricular septal defect 4

Common Name(s)

Ventricular septal defect 4

Ventricular septal defect type 4 (VSD type 4) is a heart condition present at birth (congenital) where there is a hole in the wall or septum that separates the ventricles (bottom two chambers of the heart). The septum separates oxygenated blood (oxygen rich) from the deoxygenated blood (oxygen poor). Normally, the holes in the septum close before the baby is born, but VSD is a common heart defect. In Type 4, the defect is located in the lower, muscular part of the septum. If the hole is very small it may not affect how hard the heart has to work, and your baby may not have symptoms. Sometimes a VSD is not diagnosed until childhood or even adulthood.

Often, symptoms are present as soon as a few days after birth and include poor eating, fast breathing, breathlessness, and getting tired easily. Ventricular septal defects often occur in families (hereditary) or with other genetic conditions. Type 4 makes up about 20% of VSD cases.

Doctors may hear a swishing sound in the heartbeat (a murmur) when listening with a stethoscope. Tests used to confirm a VSD may include a chest X-ray, electrocardiogram (EKG) (tests the electrical impulses), echocardiogram (used sound waves to create a picture), or cardiac MRI.

Medications may be used temporarily to increase heart function, but surgical repair is the most common treatment. Smaller defects may close on their own. If your baby or child has been diagnosed with a VSD Type 4, talk to their pediatric cardiologist (a heart doctor for children) about the most current treatment options. Support organizations and genetic counselors are also a good source of information and can help connect you with others affected by VSDs.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ventricular septal defect 4" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ventricular septal defect 4" returned 1 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Case 4/2010: seven-month-old female infant with transposition of the great arteries and subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (Taussig-Bing anomaly).
 

Author(s): Edmar Atik, Lucilia S Faria, Marcelo Jatene

Journal: Arq. Bras. Cardiol.. 2010 Jul;95(1):e1-3.

 

Last Updated: 9 Aug 2010

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

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The terms "Ventricular septal defect 4" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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