Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia

Common Name(s)

Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia

Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia is a chronic, slow-growing lymphoproliferative disorder. It usually affects older adults and is primarily found in the bone marrow, although lymph nodes and the spleen may be involved. Affected individuals have a high level of an antibody called immunoglobulin M (IgM) in their blood, which can cause thickening of the blood (hyperviscosity). Although some individuals initially do not have symptoms and are diagnosed from routine blood work, common symptoms may include weakness, appetite loss and weight loss. Other symptoms may include peripheral neuropathy, fever, Raynaud's phenomenon, and mental status changes. Hyperviscosity of the blood may cause nosebleeds, headaches, dizziness, and blurring or loss of vision. The cause of the condition is not known but environmental, genetic, and viral factors have been suggested. There have been some reports of familial cases suggesting a genetic predisposition. Treatment is often reserved for those with symptoms and may include various medications including corticosteroids, alkylating agents, biologic response modifiers and purine analogues.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia" for support, advocacy or research.

International Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia Foundation

To offer mutual support and encouragement to the Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia community and others with an interest in the disease. To provide information and educational programs that address patients' concerns. To promote and support research leading to better treatments and ultimately a cure.

Last Updated: 16 Jul 2014

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia" for support, advocacy or research.

International Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia Foundation

To offer mutual support and encouragement to the Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia community and others with an interest in the disease. To provide information and educational programs that address patients' concerns. To promote and support research leading to better treatments and ultimately a cure.

http://www.iwmf.com

Last Updated: 16 Jul 2014

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia" returned 143 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Pattern of somatic mutations in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia or IgM monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance.
 

Author(s): Marzia Varettoni, Silvia Zibellini, Irene Defrancesco, Virginia Valeria Ferretti, Ettore Rizzo, Luca Malcovati, Anna Gallì, Matteo Giovanni Della Porta, Emanuela Boveri, Luca Arcaini, Chiara Candido, Marco Paulli, Mario Cazzola

Journal: Haematologica. 2017 Dec;102(12):2077-2085.

 

We analyzed and CXCR4 mutation status of 260 patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia or IgM monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance using allele-specific real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing, respectively. A subgroup of 119 patients ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Case of Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia with Temporary Appearance of 7S IgM Half Molecule.
 

Author(s): Mayumi Imoto, Koji Yoshida, Yasuhiro Maeda, Ken-Ichi Nakae, Masatoshi Kudo, Ikunosuke Sakurabayashi, Toshiyuki Yamada, Toshinori Kamisako

Journal: Clin. Lab.. 2017 May;63(5):983-989.

 

We encountered a rare case of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia with temporary appearance of 7S IgM half molecule and with monoclonal proteins binding to agarose gel.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia cells devoid of BTK or CXCR4 mutations acquire resistance to ibrutinib through upregulation of Bcl-2 and AKT resulting in vulnerability towards venetoclax or MK2206 treatment.
 

Author(s): A Paulus, S Akhtar, H Yousaf, A Manna, S M Paulus, Y Bashir, T R Caulfield, M Kuranz-Blake, K Chitta, X Wang, Y Asmann, R Hudec, W Springer, S Ailawadhi, A Chanan-Khan

Journal:

 

Although ibrutinib is highly effective in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM), no complete remissions in WM patients treated with ibrutinib have been reported to date. Moreover, ibrutinib-resistant disease is being steadily reported and is associated with dismal clinical outcome (overall ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia" returned 21 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Waldenström Macroglobulinemia: Review of Pathogenesis and Management.
 

Author(s): Seongseok Yun, Ariel C Johnson, Onyemaechi N Okolo, Stacy J Arnold, Ali McBride, Ling Zhang, Rachid C Baz, Faiz Anwer

Journal: Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2017 05;17(5):252-262.

 

Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a low-grade B-cell clonal disorder characterized by lymphoplasmacytic bone marrow involvement associated with monoclonal immunoglobulin M. Although WM remains to be an incurable disease with a heterogeneous clinical course, the recent discovery ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Diagnosis and Management of Waldenström Macroglobulinemia: Mayo Stratification of Macroglobulinemia and Risk-Adapted Therapy (mSMART) Guidelines 2016.
 

Author(s): Prashant Kapoor, Stephen M Ansell, Rafael Fonseca, Asher Chanan-Khan, Robert A Kyle, Shaji K Kumar, Joseph R Mikhael, Thomas E Witzig, Michelle Mauermann, Angela Dispenzieri, Sikander Ailawadhi, A Keith Stewart, Martha Q Lacy, Carrie A Thompson, Francis K Buadi, David Dingli, William G Morice, Ronald S Go, Dragan Jevremovic, Taimur Sher, Rebecca L King, Esteban Braggio, Ann Novak, Vivek Roy, Rhett P Ketterling, Patricia T Greipp, Martha Grogan, Ivana N Micallef, P Leif Bergsagel, Joseph P Colgan, Nelson Leung, Wilson I Gonsalves, Yi Lin, David J Inwards, Suzanne R Hayman, Grzegorz S Nowakowski, Patrick B Johnston, Steven J Russell, Svetomir N Markovic, Steven R Zeldenrust, Yi L Hwa, John A Lust, Luis F Porrata, Thomas M Habermann, S Vincent Rajkumar, Morie A Gertz, Craig B Reeder

Journal: JAMA Oncol. 2017 Sep;3(9):1257-1265.

 

Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM), an IgM-associated lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, has witnessed several practice-altering advances in recent years. With availability of a wider array of therapies, the management strategies have become increasingly complex. Our multidisciplinary team ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Bing-Neel syndrome, a rare complication of Waldenström macroglobulinemia: analysis of 44 cases and review of the literature. A study on behalf of the French Innovative Leukemia Organization (FILO).
 

Author(s): Laurence Simon, Aikaterini Fitsiori, Richard Lemal, Jehan Dupuis, Benjamin Carpentier, Laurys Boudin, Anne Corby, Thérèse Aurran-Schleinitz, Lauris Gastaud, Alexis Talbot, Stéphane Leprêtre, Béatrice Mahe, Camille Payet, Carole Soussain, Charlotte Bonnet, Laure Vincent, Séverine Lissandre, Raoul Herbrecht, Stéphane Kremer, Véronique Leblond, Luc-Matthieu Fornecker

Journal: Haematologica. 2015 Dec;100(12):1587-94.

 

Central nervous system involvement by malignant cells is a rare complication of Waldenström macroglobulinemia, and this clinicopathological entity is referred to as the Bing-Neel syndrome. There is currently no consensus on the diagnostic criteria, therapeutic approaches and response ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficacy of First Line B-RI for Treatment Naive Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

 

Last Updated: 8 Aug 2018

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A Study of Daratumumab in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

 

Last Updated: 30 May 2018

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A Study of Ulocuplumab And Ibrutinib in Symptomatic Patients With Mutated CXCR4 Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia

 

Last Updated: 5 Apr 2018

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