West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 903 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Seroprevalence of Dengue Virus, West Nile Virus, Chikungunya Virus, and Zika Virus in International Travelers Attending a Travel and Migration Center in 2015-2017, Southern Italy.
 

Author(s): Daniela Loconsole, Angela Metallo, Anna Lisa De Robertis, Anna Morea, Michele Quarto, Maria Chironna

Journal: Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.. 2018 06;18(6):331-334.

 

International travelers to areas endemic for vector-borne diseases (VBDs) may be at risk of contracting and spreading these diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies that are specific for Dengue Virus ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Factors associated with human West Nile virus infection in Ontario: a generalized linear mixed modelling approach.
 

Author(s): Shruti Mallya, Beate Sander, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon, Monica Taljaard, Ann Jolly, Manisha A Kulkarni

Journal:

 

West Nile Virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne pathogen that has become established in North America. Risk for human infection varies geographically in accordance with climate and population factors. Though often asymptomatic, human WNV infection can cause febrile illness or, rarely, neurologic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A four-year survey (2011-2014) of West Nile virus infection in humans, mosquitoes and birds, including the 2012 meningoencephalitis outbreak in Tunisia.
 

Author(s): Abir Monastiri, Badereddine Mechri, Ana Vázquez-González, Meriadeg Ar Gouilh, Mohamed Chakroun, Chawki Loussaief, Maha Mastouri, Najet Dimassi, Lamjed Boughzala, Mahjoub Aouni, Jordi Serra-Cobo

Journal:

 

A West Nile virus (WNV) outbreak occurred in Tunisia between mid-July and December 2012. To assess the epidemiological features of the WNV transmission cycle, human cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients with suspected cases (n = 79), Culex pipiens mosquitoes (n = 583) ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 84 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Epidemiologic and clinical parameters of West Nile virus infections in humans: a scoping review.
 

Author(s): Man Wah Yeung, Emily Shing, Mark Nelder, Beate Sander

Journal:

 

Clinical syndromes associated with West Nile virus (WNV) infection range from fever to neuroinvasive disease. Understanding WNV epidemiology and disease history is important for guiding patient care and healthcare decision-making. The objective of this review was to characterize the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Review of West Nile virus circulation and outbreak risk in Madagascar: Entomological and ornithological perspectives.
 

Author(s): Michaël Luciano Tantely, Steven M Goodman, Tsirinaina Rakotondranaivo, Sébastien Boyer

Journal: Parasite. 2016 ;23():49.

 

West Nile fever (WNF) is a zoonotic disease, occurring nearly globally. In Madagascar, West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in 1978 from wild birds and the virus is currently distributed across the island, but no epidemic or epizootic period has been recorded. One fatal human ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Age-related alterations in immune responses to West Nile virus infection.
 

Author(s): R R Montgomery

Journal: Clin. Exp. Immunol.. 2017 Jan;187(1):26-34.

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is the most important causative agent of viral encephalitis worldwide and an important public health concern in the United States due to its high prevalence, severe disease, and the absence of effective treatments. Infection with WNV is mainly asymptomatic, but ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.