West nile virus

Common Name(s)

West nile virus

West Nile Virus is an infectious disease spread by infected mosquitoes. Those infected typically have no symptoms or mild symptoms, whichcan include fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. These symptoms can last a few days to several weeks. West Nile Virus can be threatening, however, if the virus enters the brain, which can cause encephalitis or meningitis. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain and meningitis is inflammation of the lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. Severe symptoms of West Nile virus include a severe headache, fever, disorientation, or sudden weakness.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "West nile virus" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 873 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

West Nile Virus and Other Nationally Notifiable Arboviral Diseases - United States, 2016.
 

Author(s): Alexis Burakoff, Jennifer Lehman, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples, Nicole P Lindsey

Journal:

 

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the continental United States (1,2). Other arboviruses, including ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Economics of One Health: Costs and benefits of integrated West Nile virus surveillance in Emilia-Romagna.
 

Author(s): Giulia Paternoster, Sara Babo Martins, Andrea Mattivi, Roberto Cagarelli, Paola Angelini, Romeo Bellini, Annalisa Santi, Giorgio Galletti, Simonetta Pupella, Giuseppe Marano, Francesco Copello, Jonathan Rushton, Katharina D C Stärk, Marco Tamba

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Since 2013 in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, surveillance information generated in the public health and in the animal health sectors has been shared and used to guide public health interventions to mitigate the risk of West Nile virus (WNV) transmission via blood transfusion. The objective ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Protection of mice deficient in mature B cells from West Nile virus infection by passive and active immunization.
 

Author(s): Daniela Giordano, Kevin E Draves, Lucy B Young, Kelsey Roe, Marianne A Bryan, Christiane Dresch, Justin M Richner, Michael S Diamond, Michael Gale, Edward A Clark

Journal:

 

B cell activating factor receptor (BAFFR)-/- mice have a profound reduction in mature B cells, but unlike μMT mice, they have normal numbers of newly formed, immature B cells. Using a West Nile virus (WNV) challenge model that requires antibodies (Abs) for protection, we found that ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "West nile virus" returned 82 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Epidemiologic and clinical parameters of West Nile virus infections in humans: a scoping review.
 

Author(s): Man Wah Yeung, Emily Shing, Mark Nelder, Beate Sander

Journal:

 

Clinical syndromes associated with West Nile virus (WNV) infection range from fever to neuroinvasive disease. Understanding WNV epidemiology and disease history is important for guiding patient care and healthcare decision-making. The objective of this review was to characterize the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Review of West Nile virus circulation and outbreak risk in Madagascar: Entomological and ornithological perspectives.
 

Author(s): Michaël Luciano Tantely, Steven M Goodman, Tsirinaina Rakotondranaivo, Sébastien Boyer

Journal: Parasite. 2016 ;23():49.

 

West Nile fever (WNF) is a zoonotic disease, occurring nearly globally. In Madagascar, West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in 1978 from wild birds and the virus is currently distributed across the island, but no epidemic or epizootic period has been recorded. One fatal human ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Age-related alterations in immune responses to West Nile virus infection.
 

Author(s): R R Montgomery

Journal: Clin. Exp. Immunol.. 2017 Jan;187(1):26-34.

 

West Nile virus (WNV) is the most important causative agent of viral encephalitis worldwide and an important public health concern in the United States due to its high prevalence, severe disease, and the absence of effective treatments. Infection with WNV is mainly asymptomatic, but ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.