Gnathostoma Infection

Common Name(s)

Gnathostoma Infection, gnathostomiasis

Gnathostoma infection, also called gnathostomiasis, occurs when a gnathostoma, a type of parasitic roundworm, invades the body. This disease is typically found in Southeast Asia, South and Central America, as well as parts of Africa. Eating undercooked/raw freshwater fish, eels, frogs, birds, or reptiles that have the parasite can lead to gnathostomiasis. Symptoms of the infection include swellings under the skin and in rare cases, vision loss, nerve pain, paralysis, and coma. Anti-parasitic treatment with ivermectin or albendazole can be used to cure the disease. Surgery for certain complication is also sometimes necessary.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gnathostoma Infection" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gnathostoma Infection" returned 3 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gnathostoma spinigerum infection in the upper lip of a Korean woman: an autochthonous case in Korea.
 

Author(s): Jae Hee Kim, Hyemi Lim, Young-Sang Hwang, Tae Yeon Kim, Eun Mee Han, Eun-Hee Shin, Jong-Yil Chai

Journal: Korean J. Parasitol.. 2013 Jun;51(3):343-7.

 

Autochthonous human gnathostomiasis had never been reported in the Republic of Korea. We report here a case of Gnathostoma spinigerum infection in a 32-year-old Korean woman, presumed to have been infected via an indigenous route. The patient had experienced a painful migratory swelling ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Gnathostoma hispidum infection in a Korean man returning from China.
 

Author(s): Han-Seong Kim, Jin-Joo Lee, Mee Joo, Sun-Hee Chang, Je G Chi, Jong-Yil Chai

Journal: Korean J. Parasitol.. 2010 Sep;48(3):259-61.

 

Human Gnathostoma hispidum infection is extremely rare in the world literature and has never been reported in the Republic of Korea. A 74-year-old Korean man who returned from China complained of an erythematous papule on his back and admitted to our hospital. Surgical extraction ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Gnathostoma (Spirurida: Gnathostomatidae) infection in the tigerfish Hoplias microlepis: prevalence, correlation with fish size, hosts, and public health implications].
 

Author(s): Pedro J Jiménez, Juan José Alava

Journal: Biomedica. 2009 Dec;29(4):591-603.

 

Human gnathostomiasis has been reported in Ecuador since the early 1980s, when natural infections by Gnathostoma third larval stages were found in muscles of the second intermediary host, Hoplias microlepis (tigerfish). In Ecuador, this zoonotic disease is occasionally detected in ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gnathostoma Infection" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gnathostomiasis: An Emerging Infection of Raw Fish Consumers in Gnathostoma Nematode-Endemic and Nonendemic Countries.
 

Author(s): James H Diaz

Journal: J Travel Med. ;22(5):318-24.

 

Gnathostomiasis, a helminthic infection commonly reported in Southeast Asia and Latin America, may follow consumption of raw seafood infected with muscle-encysted larvae of Gnathostoma species nematodes. As a result of increasingly exotic tastes for local ethnic dishes, including ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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