Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is a condition that affects about 5% of school aged children. Children with CAPD have trouble processing information they hear, such as directions a teacher may give, because their brain doesn’t understand the information their ears hear. Although the person may be speaking loudly and clearly, the child with CAPD may not be able to tell the difference between words that sound similar, such as “bed” and “head”. If background noise, such as cars driving by, is present, the child is likely to have an even more difficult time hearing what they are being told. Children with CAPD also have trouble hearing a set of directions then being able to carry out the multiple steps they just heard, causing them to become overwhelmed. Parents, teachers, and coaches may realize that the child has trouble with processing the information they hear, but only an audiologist (hearing specialist) can diagnose a child with CAPD. Treatment for CAPD includes exercises that help the child to focus on what they are hearing and to ignore background noise. Talk with your doctor to find the best treatment for you if you have been diagnosed with central auditory processing disorder.