Dyslexia is a intellectual disorder characterized by difficulty reading. Individuals with this condition often have difficulties with both oral and written language, and with pronouncing words. However, dyslexia is not due to lack of intelligence or lack of desire to learn, and individuals with dyslexia can learn successfully.
Symptoms of dyslexia vary based on age, but common signs for early school age children include late talking, learning new words slowly, problems naming letters, reading well below the expected age level, difficulty forming answers to questions, and difficulty spelling.
Dyslexia can impact individuals differently based on the severity of their condition. The exact causes of dyslexia are not completely known, but we do know that it tends to run in families. Risk factors of dyslexia include family history, premature birth or low birth weight, and exposure during pregnancy to nicotine, drugs, or alcohol.
There is no 'cure' for dyslexia, and treatment is individualized for each person depending on their current reading and comprehension levels. Tutoring and specialized education programs are commonly used to help improve reading ability. Although most individuals have problems with reading, if children begin receiving special training to read as early as kindergarten, they will likely have fewer problems than children who do not receive special help until later on in elementary school.
If you or a family member has been diagnosed with dyslexia, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good resources of support and information.
Description Last Updated: Aug 29, 2018