Systemic Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis also known as systemic-onset JRA, is a condition that appears in childhood and primarily affects the joints. It usually begins between the ages of 5 and 10 years old with symptoms including high fever, pink/salmon colored rashes on the chest and thighs, joint pain, and swelling. Specifically, the fever usually spikes several times during the day and peaks at night. Symptoms may go back and forth over days, weeks, or months. Sometimes, children may also have inflammation of the lung or heart linings.
The cause of systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is not entirely understood, though researchers think it may involve problems with the immune system, or viral infections. The condition is usually diagnosed by doing a physical exam, looking at family history, by collecting blood and urine samples, and getting X-rays.
Treatment can involve a range of options, depending on the severity of the symptoms. It can include anti-inflammatory medication, pain relief medications, and even surgery to repair deteriorated joints. There is no way to prevent this condition, but if properly treated the symptoms can be well maintained. In some cases, this condition disappears by adulthood, and in other cases the condition manifests into lifelong arthritis.
If you or a family member has been diagnosed with this condition, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good resources of support and information.
Description Last Updated: Aug 29, 2018